Julia Alvarez was born in New York City on March 17, 1950, the second of four daughters. Three months later, her parents returned to their native Dominican Republic after a self-imposed exile from General Rafael Trujillo’s dictatorship. When her parents became involved in an underground movement to overthrow Trujillo, the Alvarez family was forced to flee the Dominican Republic in order to escape imprisonment. They returned to the United States in August of 1960, four months before the founders of the underground, the Mirabal sisters, were brutally murdered by the government. The Alvarez family settled in Queens, N.Y.
Alvarez was 10 years old when her family returned to the United States, and she had a difficult time adjusting to immigrant life and learning English. She was homesick and faced alienation and prejudice. “I consider this radical uprooting from my culture, my native language, my country, the reason I began writing,” Alvarez has said. “Language is the only homeland, Czeslow Milosz once observed, and indeed, English, not the United States, was where I landed and sunk deep roots.”
When asked why she wrote In the Time of the Butterflies, Alvarez said that “being a survivor placed a responsibility on me to tell the story of these brave young women who did not survive the dictatorship.” In the Time of the Butterflies is a fictional account of the murders of the revolutionary Mirabal sisters. The book has alternating first-person narratives from the three martyred sisters and the fourth surviving sister, Dedé. Alvarez says she wrote the book as a testament to these remarkable women who “have served as models for women fighting against injustices of all kinds.”
In the Time of the Butterflies was a finalist in 1995 for the National Book Critics Circle Award in fiction, selected a Notable Book by the American Library Association in 1994 and chosen as one of the Best Books for Young Adults by the Young Adult Library Services Association and the American Library Association in 1995.
The immigrant experience and bicultural identity is the subject of much of Alvarez’s fiction and poetry. Her popular first novel, How the Garcia Girls Lost Their Accents, was published in 1991. Interrelated stories narrated by the four Garcia sisters describe their difficulties adjusting to New York City after leaving the Dominican Republic. Published in 1997, ¡Yo! focuses on Yolanda Garcia. In the Name of Salome, published in 2000, is based on the life of Dominican political poet Salome Urena and her daughter, Camila.
In 1984, Alvarez published Homecomings, a poetry collection about facing her 33rd birthday without a secure job or a family of her own. Her other poetry collections include The Other Side: El Otro Lado (1995) and The Woman I Kept to Myself (2004). A collection of autobiographical essays, Something to Declare, was published in 1998.
She has also written young adult books including The Secret Footprints (2000), How Tia Lola Came to Visit Stay (2001) and Before We Were Free (2002). A new young adult novel, Finding Miracles, was published in 2004.
Alvarez earned her undergraduate degree from Middlebury College in 1971 and a master’s degree in creative writing from Syracuse University in 1975. She taught at various schools including Phillips Andover, the University of Vermont and the University of Illinois. She became a professor of English at Middlebury College in 1988 and has been its writer-in-residence since 1998.
In 1989, Alvarez married Bill Eichner, an eye surgeon whose humanitarian medical missions have taken him to many Third World nations. Alvarez and Eichner started an organic coffee farm modeling sustainable methods in the Dominican highlands. Profits from the 60-acre farm go to the Alta Gracia Foundation, which promotes literacy programs for the local population.
- Bing, Jonathan. "Julie Alvarez: Books that Cross Borders." Publishers Weekly, v. 243, n. 51 (1996).
- "Julia Alvarez." Contemporary Authors Online. Gale, 2001.
- Julia Alvarez: Official Author Website.
Content last updated: October 31, 2004