- Christopher Columbus lands and names the island Hispaniola (Little Spain).
- First Western Hemisphere Spanish colony established at Santo Domingo
- Treaty of Ryswick awards western part of island (Haiti) to France and eastern part (Santo Domingo) to Spain
- Santo Domingo annexed by Haiti’s President Boyer
- After Boyer’s overthrow, Santo Domingo becomes independent and renamed the Dominican Republic.
- President Pedro Santana returns the Dominican Republic to Spanish rule.
- Spain withdraws from and annuls its annexation of the Dominican Republic following a popular revolt.
- The second Dominican Republic begins with a treaty giving the United States 50 years’ control over its customs department in exchange for the United States assuming the Republic’s debts.
- Occupation by U.S. military to put down internal disorder
- U.S. troops leave after constitutional government reestablished.
- General Rafael Trujillo gains total control after overthrowing the president.
- Trujillo orders military to massacre an estimated 13-20,000 Haitians living in Republic near the Haitian border.
- Organization of American States calls for breaking diplomatic relations with the Republic.
- Trujillo assassinated
- Juan Bosch, founder of the leftist Dominican Revolutionary Party, elected president in the first democratic elections for nearly four decades
- Bosch deposed in military coup and replaced by a three-man civilian junta
- Some 30,000 US troops invade the Dominican Republic following attempt to return Bosch to power.
- Joaquin Balaguer, a Trujillo protege and former leader of the Reformist Party elected president. Elected president in 1966, 1970, 1974, 1986, 1990 and 1994.
- Balaguer steps down after massive public demonstrations.
- Leonel Fernandez, former Dominican leader (1996-2000), reclaimed the presidency in vote that reflected frustration with the nation’s worst economic crisis in decades.
- “Timeline: Dominican Republic.” BBC News online.