Mayor of Chicago, 1865-1869
- Republican Party
- Elected 24th mayor of Chicago April 18, 1865; defeated Francis Cornwall Sherman (Democrat)
- Elected to second term April 16, 1867; defeated Francis Cornwall Sherman (Democrat)
- Inauguration to first term: May 3, 1865
- Inauguration to second term: May 6, 1867
- Born May 28, 1809 in Easton, Md.
- His musical talents were discovered by a theater manager in 1836, leading to a life as an actor and theater manager.
- Married actress Miss Mary Ann Warren in Philadelphia in 1837; together they had six children.
- Elected to Congress in 1872 to represent the 1st District of Illinois, but did not live to complete his term
- Died December 17, 1874 in Norfolk, Va.
- Buried in Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago
- Andreas, A.T. History of Chicago: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time. A.T. Andreas, 1884–86.
- Dodge, Andrew R. and Betty K. Koed, editors. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-2005: The Continental Congress, September 5, 1774, to October 21, 1788, and the Congress of the United States, from the First through the One Hundred Eighth Congresses, March 4, 1789, to January 3, 2005, Inclusive. U.S. G.P.O., 2005.
- Grossman, James R., Ann Durkin Keating and Janice L. Reiff, editors. Encyclopedia of Chicago. University of Chicago Press, 2004.
- "J. B. Rice." Chicago Daily Tribune, December 18, 1874, p. 5.