Logan Square Community Collection

Dates: 1887-1989 (Bulk dates, 1941-1955)
Size: 1.5 linear feet in 1 box, 22 photographs, 28 slides, 18 negatives, and 11 oversize folders
Repository: Chicago Public Library, Sulzer Regional Library, Northside Neighborhood History Collection, 4455 N. Lincoln Avenue, Chicago, IL 60625
Collection number: nnhc.lsq
Immediate source of acquisition: Transferred to the Northside Neighborhood History Collection from Chicago Public Library’s Special Collections Division.
Custodial history: The materials in this collection are drawn from two sources. The majority of the items dating from the 1940s and most of the photographs were received by Special Collections as part of the larger West Side Historical Society Collection. Much of the other material, including most of the historical sketches, were transferred to Special Collections from the Logan Square Branch of Chicago Public Library prior to its renovation in 1988.
Conditions governing use: Please consult staff to determine ability to reuse materials from collection.
Conditions governing access: Materials are open without restrictions.
Preferred citation: When quoting material from this collection the preferred citation is: Logan Square Community Collection, [Box #, Folder #] or [Photograph #] or [Oversize Folder #], Northside Neighborhood History Collection, Chicago Public Library.
Finding aid author: Original author unknown, 1989. Updated and ingested into ArchivesSpace by Allyson Smally, 2022.

Abstract

This collection contains news clippings, historical sketches, photographs, and ephemera related to the Logan Square neighborhood, mostly from the first half of the twentieth century. There is also a small amount of material related to the Avondale neighborhood.

Biographical/Historical

Logan Square and Avondale are two of Chicago’s 77 community areas, located approximately 5 miles northwest of the Loop. Logan Square is roughly bounded on the east by the Chicago River, on the north by Diversey Avenue, on the west by the Metra Milwaukee District North rail tracks, and on the south by Bloomingdale Avenue.

Avondale, which is sliced in half by Interstates 90-94, extends from Diversey north to Addison and from the Chicago River west to Pulaski north of Belmont. South of Belmont it extends slightly farther west, to the Metra rail tracks.

Native American people lived in the area for many generations before the first white settler arrived. In 1836, Martin Nelson Kimbell (1812-1895), a native of Tioga County, New York, purchased a 160-acre farm bounded by what are now Fullerton, Hamlin, Diversey and Kimball. A grocery/saloon at Milwaukee and Diversey was established not long after that. Milwaukee Avenue was surveyed in the early 1840s, and planked in 1848-1849 by the Northwestern Plank Company. This became the major highway to the city. Milwaukee Avenue was a toll road until 1889, when irate citizens burned the toll gate at Milwaukee and Fullerton and murdered the gatekeeper in the process. The gate was never replaced; the road was hand-surfaced in the early 1890s.

The southwest corner of Logan Square (south of Fullerton and east of Western) was annexed into Chicago in 1869. The Chicago and North Western Rail Road Maplewood station was erected in 1870 making the locale more attractive for settlement. A toy factory was built in Logan Square in 1871 and Avondale acquired a post office in 1873. However, commercial and residential development in both neighborhoods did not begin on a large scale until after their incorporation into the city: the annexation of Jefferson Township in 1889 brought with it the attendant city services of sidewalks, water lines and sewers. Immigration brought a largely Scandinavian and German-Polish population to western Avondale. The area’s first house of worship, however, was Allen Church which ministered to approximately 20 African American families in the Avondale neighborhood. With the population influx came manufacturing and business interests, the most famed of which was the Lyon and Healy piano and organ factory. The Logan Square neighborhood acquired its name with the construction of the square itself, named after Civil War general John A. Logan.

In 1884, Logan Square and Avondale counted 6,000 persons combined. The 1920 census recorded 108,000 living in Logan Square and 38,000 in Avondale. A building boom came after 1924 with Ada Sawyer Garrett’s sale of the Logan Square Ball Park for $650,000 which catapulted her overnight into one of Chicago’s wealthiest women. The park became a $12 million development.

By 1930, Logan Square’s population was 114,000 and Avondale’s was 48,000. By 1930, the population’s ethnicity had changed from a German/Scandinavian predominance to Russian Jew/Polish ascendancy. After 1950, the Hispanic population of Logan Square began to grow, and by 1980 there were 44,000 Hispanic residents, over half the total population. In the year 2000, according to census data, 65% of Logan Square’s population identified as Hispanic or Latino.

Scope and Contents

The collection includes a range of printed and photographic materials that document individuals, business, and other organizations in Logan Square, including several historical sketches. A fair percentage of this collection is composed of newspaper clippings which were clipped by the West Side Historical Society for its documentation. These clippings are almost entirely confined to the period 1942-1944. Some materials in this collection cover the Avondale neighborhood.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in two series:

Series 1: Documents, 1909-1984, undated

Series 2: Photographs and slides, 1887-1989

Related Collections

The Chicago Public Library Archives, Logan Square Branch

The Lillian M. Campbell Memorial Collection, which contains photographs of the Logan Square neighborhood, including street views.

Subject headings

  • Logan Square (Chicago, Ill)
  • Avondale (Chicago, Ill.)
  • Logan Square Neighborhood Association (Chicago, Ill.)
  • West Side Historical Society (Chicago, Ill.)

Collection Inventory

Series 1: Documents, 1909-1984, undated

Scope and Contents

This series mostly consists of news clippings and historical sketches, most of which cover life in Logan Square from 1941-1955. It also contains a few additional types of documents, such as programs and fliers. The topics covered include local people, clubs, businesses, and religious institutions.

Arrangement

Alphabetically by topic, and alphabetically within each topic.

Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – “Alley Gang,” news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Anderson, Martha N (born 1843), 100th birthday, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 4 Biographical – Arnold family, genealogical notes undated
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Bedessem, Nicholas (1856-1944), obituary, news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Bisceglia, Andrea and wife, golden wedding, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Bisewski, Frank (born 1870), retirement, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Blomstrand, Harold R., news clipping 1942
  Oversize Folder 4 Biographical – Brix, Viggo (1920-1944; son of publisher of Danish Times & Northwest Times) - issue of Dansk Tidende/Danish Times with article on his death 1944 November 9
    Biographical – Butterfield, Justin. See Chicago Daily News, 1925 May 23.  
    Biographical – Clybourn, Archibald. See Chicago Daily News, 1922 September 9.  
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Crawford, Peter (1796-1876), historical note, news clipping 1951
Box 1 Folder 5 Biographical – Dawson family, genealogical notes 1942
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Dodge, Chester C., reprint of speech 1931
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Fish, J.F. (1863-1942), obituary, news clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Garb, Peter and wife, golden wedding, news clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Gates, Virginia, wins yard contest, news clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Geisler, Herbert F. (alderman), news clipping circa 1950
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Gentzen, Edward D. and wife, golden wedding, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 1 Biographical – Gythfeldt, Inga (1884-1943), obituary, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Hackett, James (born 1860) and Mary[?] (born 1864), news clippings 1935-1944
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Hall, George Cleveland (1864-1930), memorial, typescript undated
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Handy, Shirley and Chalene, news clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 6 Biographical – Hazelton, William (born 1832), biographical sketch undated
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Hillig, Hattie (1869-1943), obituary, news clipping 1943
  Oversize Folder 1 Biographical – Hoffman, Valerie Walker, news clipping 1955
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Kalteux, Frank M., news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Kimbell, Spencer Smalley (born 1842), published biographical sketch undated
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Kirchhoff, Henry G. and wife, golden wedding, news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Kozacha, Joseph S., news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Lagodzinski, Teofil S. (born 1916), news clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – McKeone, John (1866-1944), obituary, news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 6a Biographical – Mersbach, Clarence, recital programs 1909
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Mohs, William A. and Louise[?], golden anniversary, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Nabors, Mr. and Mrs. John, silver anniversary, news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Nelson, Norman (born 1942), contest winner, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Newmann, Victor C., news clipping 1944
  Oversize Folder 2 Biographical – Norris, Eleanor (born 1932), confirmation, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Orlikoski, Constance (1868-1943), obituary, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Orlikoski, W.J., news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 2 Biographical – Ott, Mary (1873-1943), obituary, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Peacock, Ray J., news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Peska, Frank, news clippings 1942
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Podolski, Frances (1875-1943), obituary, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Roherty, Catherine A., resigns office, news clipping undated
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Roycraft, George W. (born 1847), 97th birthday, news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Schaefer, Edwin W. and Ruth, silver anniversary, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Smith, Clayton F., campaign advertisement 1942
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Sparks, Dorothy, book publication, clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Thornton, Francis E., retirement, clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Vavrick, Thomas, clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Weimer, Alice, engagement, clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Weimerslage, Louis J. and Alice, golden wedding, clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Wilkins, Mrs. Frank (1881-1943), obituary, clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 3 Biographical – Zukowski, Elaine Marion, engagement, clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 10 Businesses - Avondale Currency Exchange, news clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 7 Businesses – Hartwig Drug Company, advertisements, stationery, brochure, and historical sketch [See Also slides 2.1, 2.2] 1910s-1939
Box 1 Folder 10 Businesses – J & R Motor Supply, news clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 8 Businesses – Kimbell Trust & Savings Bank, anniversary booklet [3 copies] [See Also Slides 2.6, 2.7, 2.8] 1929
Box 1 Folder 10 Businesses – Knight & Mein Real Estate, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 9 Businesses – Lambrecht Jewelry Store, advertisement, piece of stationary, historical sketch 1913-1914, undated
Box 1 Folder 10 Businesses – Logan Bowl bowling alley, news clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 10 Businesses – Olson Rug Company, calendar advertisement and letter [See Also Slide 2.4] 1944
Box 1 Folder 10 Businesses – Sax-On Paint Store, news clipping circa 1940s
Box 1 Folder 14 Clubs and organizations – American Legion posts 405, 786, 159, 712, and Women’s Auxiliary, news clippings and letter 1943-1944
Box 1 Folder 15 Clubs and organizations – Avondale Meeting House, membership list undated
Box 1 Folder 20 Clubs and organizations – Czechoslovak Society of America, news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 20a Clubs and organizations – Globe Players of Avondale Park, Antigone program 1951
Box 1 Folder 20 Clubs and organizations – Kiwanis Club, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 20 Clubs and organizations – Lions Club, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 20 Clubs and organizations – Logan Square Chicago Boys Clubs, letterhead undated
Box 1 Folder 16 Clubs and organizations – Logan Square Festival and Circus, program 1932
Box 1 Folder 17 Clubs and organizations – Logan Square Neighborhood Association, by-laws, flier, and news clipping 1962-1977
  Oversize Folder 2 Clubs and organizations – Logan Square Neighborhood Association, news clipping, “Telecast mislabels Logan tone, neighbor group claims” 1974 June 20
Box 1 Folder 18 Clubs and organizations – Logan Square YMCA, news clippings 1970
Box 1 Folder 19 Clubs and organizations – Logan Square Women’s Christian Temperance Union 1931
Box 1 Folder 20 Clubs and organizations – Old Timers Baseball Association, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 20 Clubs and organizations – Sons of Norway, news clipping 1943
Box 1 Folder 20 Clubs and organizations – United Charities, news clipping undated
Box 1 Folder 21 Historical Sketches – anonymous historical notes regarding Logan Square [photocopies] 1930s?
Box 1 Folder 22 Historical Sketches – “Down Milwaukee Avenue. To Logan Square and Prosperity” by John H. Stehman, published in Logan Square Herald 1932 July 21
Box 1 Folder 23 Historical Sketches – “History of Avondale” by Room One, Avondale School 1939
Box 1 Folder 24 Historical Sketches – “History of Logan Square” by Logan Square Branch, Chicago Public Library 1938
Box 1 Folder 25 Historical Sketches – miscellaneous historical sketches 1922-1980
Box 1 Folder 26 Historical Sketches – “Norwegians in Logan Square,” news clippings 1940, undated
Box 1 Folder 27 Historical Sketches – “Reminiscences of Holstein,” typescripts of three articles, two by Catherine F. Arnold, one unsigned undated
Box 1 Folder 28 Historical Sketches – “Story of Logan Square” by John H. Stehman undated
Box 1 Folder 29 Historical Sketches – “The Story of Milwaukee Avenue,” typescript 1930s?
Box 1 Folder 30 Historical Sketches – “The Township of Jefferson,” booklet, by Alfred Bull [See Also slide 2.3, 2.5] 1911
Box 1 Folder 31 Hospitals – Norwegian American Hospital, dedication program 1930
Box 1 Folder 32 Libraries – Chicago Public Library Logan Square Branch, correspondence on Logan Square history 1942-1944
  Oversize Folder 7 Libraries - Logan Square News articles on groundbreaking for new Logan Square Branch of the Chicago Public Library 1951 March 7, 14
  Oversize Folder 8 Libraries - North West Herald issue, with article, “What about the new library?” 1940 September 13
  Oversize Folder 11 Maps - Stehman, John H. and Edward M. Sieja. Map of Logan Square District as it was in 1881. (Photostat: negative and positive). Shows location of buildings and names of occupants. Subsequent streets shown in dotted lines. 1937
  Oversize Folder 9 Newspapers – 33rd Ward Democrat, issue with ward news 1977 September
Box 1 Folder 33 Newspapers – Logan Square Herald, photocopied fragments 1911, 1932
  Oversize Folder 6 Newspapers – Logan Square Herald, photocopied fragments, history of Logan Square [missing, 2021; see Box 1, Folders 22 and 33 for additional copies of Logan Square Herald from these dates] 1911 September 22, 1932 July 21
  Oversize Folder 10 Newspapers – Vinland, Chicago’s Norwegian Newspaper 1975 May 22, June 19
Box 1 Folder 34 Parks - Logan Square, band concert program 1922 September 7
Box 1 Folder 13 Religious institutions – Bethany Presbyterian, news clipping 1938
Box 1 Folder 13 Religious institutions – Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, postcard undated
Box 1 Folder 11 Religious institutions – First English Evangelical, programs 1910, 1914
Box 1 Folder 12 Religious institutions – Grace Evangelical, brochure and news clippings 1942-1944
Box 1 Folder 13 Religious institutions – Immanuel Methodist, news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 13 Religious institutions – Nazareth Evangelical, bulletin 1914
Box 1 Folder 35 Residences – 3332-34 N. Palmer Street, news clipping 1966
Box 1 Folder 36 Residences – 2122 N. Western Avenue, news clipping 1940
  Oversize Folder 6 Residences – “Protest over lack of renovation in CHA-owned properties,” article in Logan Square Free Press [missing, 2021] 1984 January 26
Box 1 Folder 37 Schools – Avondale School, graduation programs, note 1920, 1939
Box 1 Folder 38 Schools – Darwin School, PTA news clippings [missing, 2021] 1943
Box 1 Folder 38 Schools – Funston School, program 1938
Box 1 Folder 38 Schools – Monroe School, news clipping 1966
Box 1 Folder 39 Schools – private schools, list of, in news clipping 1980
Box 1 Folder 38 Schools – St. Sylvester School, news clipping 1944
Box 1 Folder 40 Streets – “Logan Square Project” (Kennedy expressway), typescript and copies of sketches undated
Box 1 Folder 41 Streets – map, “Community Area Number 22 Logan Square” 1935?
Box 1 Folder 42 Transportation – Fullerton buses, news clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 42 Transportation – CTA Logan Square train station, news clipping 1970
  Oversize Folder 3 Transportation – CTA Logan Square train station, news clipping 1970 January 25
  Oversize Folder 5 Transportation – “Merchants seek better mail service and parking,” article in Logan-Avondale Booster 1952 March 26
Box 1 Folder 43 Wartime activities - World War II, Avondale draftees farewell, news clipping 1942
Box 1 Folder 43 Wartime activities - World War II, news clippings of servicemen and women overseas and of Logan Square home front activities 1942-1944
Box 1 Folder 43 Wartime activities - World War II, sugar rationing form undated

Series 2: Photographs, slides, and negatives, 1887-1989

Scope and Contents

This series contains photographs, slides, and negatives depicting Logan Square in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century. The images include businesses, residences, schools, streets, and other scenes. In many cases, there is a photograph, slide, and/or negative of the same image. There are also a few slides with images of documents from Series 1. These slides appear to have been made in 1989, but the original documents they depict are from the first half of the twentieth century. Finally, there are a few oversize photographs which do not have corresponding slides or negatives.

Arrangement

Alphabetically by topic, and alphabetically within each topic.

Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.4 Businesses – C. Utz Dry Goods and Notions 1893
Slide 2.1 Businesses – Hartwig Apothecary, facade of building at 1570 Milwaukee Avenue in circa 1910 [image of document in folder 7] 1989
Slide 2.2 Businesses – Hartwig Apothecary, label for patent medicine “Skin-A-Fire” in 1931 [image of document in folder 7] 1989
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.1 Businesses – Hartwig Drug Store, exterior 1939
Slide 2.3 Businesses – Hines Lumber Co., lumber yards, 1911 advertisement [image of document in folder 30] 1989
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.2 Businesses – Lambrecht Jewelry, exterior 1939
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.3 Businesses – Lambrecht Jewelry, clock 1939
Slide 2.4 Businesses – Olson Rug Company – waterfall and rock garden, 2800 N. Pulaski, from 1944 calendar [image of document in folder 10] 1989
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.5 Clubs and organizations – Elmira Turner Hall Fife and Drum Corps 1898
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.6 Portraits – Arnold, Victor P. (1873-1929) circa 1927
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.7 Portraits – Thornton, Mrs. F.E. 1938
Slide 2.6 Portraits – Kimball, Martin Nelson (1812-95) and Sarah Ann Smalley in circa 1890 [image of document in folder 8] 1989
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.8 Residences – 2225 Campbell [or Central?] Park Avenue 1939
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.9 Residences – 3221-3223 Milwaukee Avenue (Sweeney home) 1937
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.10a-1.10b Residences – 2127 N. Western Avenue (Powell home), two views 1937

Oversize

Photograph 1.11

Schools – Avondale School, class of January 1939 circa 1939

Oversize

Photograph 1.12

Schools – Funston School, class of January 1938 circa 1938
Oversize Photograph 1.13 Schools – Hoffman Avenue School, faculty 1892
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.14 Schools – Pacific School, class photograph 1887
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.15 Schools – Pacific School, class photograph 1893
Photograph / Slide 1.19 Streets – California and Diversey avenues 1934

Oversize

Photograph 1.20

Streets – Carolina Street 1937

Oversize

Photograph 1.21

Streets – Carver Street 1937
Slide 2.7 Streets – Fullerton Avenue east from Crawford in 1900 [image of document in folder 8] 1989
Slide 2.8 Streets – Fullerton Avenue east from Crawford in 1929 [image of document in folder 8] 1989
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.16 Streets – Logan Square, main boulevard 1900
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.17 Streets – Logan Square, northwest from “L” station, color postcard circa 1905
Slide 2.9 Streets – Logan Square [image of document in folder 25] 1922
Photograph / Slide / Negative 1.18 Streets – Logan Square[?], southwest corner[?] circa 1925
Photograph / Slide 1.22 Transportation – Chicago Union Traction Co., street cars, summer, Armitage Avenue 1899
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