Logan Square Community Collection

Dates: 1893-1974; bulk dates 1935-1945
Size: 0.5 linear foot; 23 photographs, 9 slides, 10 oversize folders
Repository: Chicago Public Library, Sulzer Regional Library, Northside Neighborhood History Collection, 4455 N. Lincoln Ave., Chicago, Illinois 60625
Collection Number: Archives_LSQ
Provenance: The materials in this collection are drawn from two sources. The majority of the items dating from the 1940s, and most of the photographs were received by Special Collections as part of the larger West Side Historical Society Collection. Much of the original source material, including most of the historical sketches, were transferred to Special Collections from the Logan Square Branch of Chicago Public Library prior to its renovation in 1988.
Access: No restrictions
Citation: When quoting material from this collection the preferred citation is: Logan Square Community Collection [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections, Chicago Public Library.
Processed: Processed in October 1989.

Historical Note

The Chicago neighborhood known as Logan Square is bounded on the east by the Chicago River, on the north by Diversey (2800 N), and on the west and south by Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Rail Road tracks. Adjacent neighborhoods are: to the east, Lincoln Park; to the north, Avondale; to the west, Hermosa; and to the south, Humboldt Park and West Town. Avondale extends from Diversey north to Addison (3600 N) and from the Chicago River west to Pulaski (4000 W) north of Belmont and to the C.M. & St. P.R.R. tracks south of Belmont. Avondale is sliced neatly in half by Interstates 90-94, and is bordered by these neighborhoods: Irving Park to the north, Hermosa to the west, Logan Square to the south, and North Center to the east.

The first white settler in the Logan Square area was Martin Nelson Kimbell (1812-1895), a native of Tioga County, New York. In 1836, he purchased a 160-acre farm bounded by what are now Fullerton, Hamlin, Diversey and Kimball. The first business establishment in the neighborhood was a grocery/saloon at Milwaukee and Diversey. Milwaukee Avenue was surveyed in the early 1840s, and planked in 1848-1849 by the Northwestern Plank Company. This became the major highway to the city whose name it bore. Milwaukee Avenue was a toll road until irate citizens burned the toll gate at Milwaukee and Fullerton, murdering the gatekeeper in the process, in 1889. The gate was never replaced; the road was hand-surfaced in the early 1890s.

The southwest corner of Logan Square (south of Fullerton and east of Western) was annexed into Chicago in 1869. The Chicago and North Western Rail Road Maplewood station was erected in 1870 making the locale more attractive for settlement. A toy factory was built in Logan Square in 1871 and Avondale acquired a post office in 1873. However, commercial and residential development in both neighborhoods did not begin on a large scale until after their incorporation into the city: the annexation of Jefferson Township in 1889 brought with it the attendant city services of sidewalks, water lines and sewers. Immigration brought a largely Scandinavian and German-Polish population to western Avondale. (The area’s first house of worship, however, was Allen Church which ministered to approximately 20 African American families in the Avondale neighborhood.) With the population influx came manufacturing and business interests, the most famed of which was the Lyon and Healy piano and organ factory. The Logan Square neighborhood acquired its name with the construction of the square itself, named after Civil War general John A. Logan.

In 1884, Logan Square and Avondale counted 6,000 persons combined. The 1920 census recorded 108,000 living in Logan Square and 38,000 in Avondale. A building boom came after 1924 with Ada Sawyer Garrett’s sale of the Logan Square Ball Park for $650,000 which catapulted her overnight into one of Chicago’s wealthiest women. The park became a $12 million development. Nineteen-thirty marked a virtual end to new housing construction in the area. It was also the year the population peaked: Logan Square at 114,000 and Avondale at 48,000. By 1930, the population’s ethnicity had changed from a German/Scandinavian predominance to Russian Jew/Polish ascendancy. Since 1950 the population has again changed dramatically in favor of Hispanics: the 1960 census recorded 569 persons of Spanish descent in Logan Square, in 1980 there were 44,000—over half the total population.

Efforts to rejuvenate the area have been fostered by the Logan Square Neighborhood Association, founded in 1963.

Scope and Content

The collection includes a range of printed and photographic materials that document individuals, business and other organizations in the Logan Square Community including several historical sketches. A fair percentage of this collection is composed of newspaper clippings which were clipped by the West Side Historical Society for its documentation. These clippings are almost entirely confined to the period 1942-1944. Some materials in this collection include the Avondale neighborhood.

Arrangement

The Logan Square Community Collection is organized topically: Biography, Business, Religious Institutions, Clubs and Organizations, Historical Sketches, Hospitals, Libraries, Newspapers, Parks, Residences, Schools, Streets, Transportation, and Wartime Activities. A photographic list follows the container list.

Related Materials

The Chicago Public Library Archives, Logan Square Branch
Lillian M. Campbell Memorial Collection (neighborhood street views)

Container List

Series 1: Biographical

Box 1 Folder 1
  • Anderson, Martha N (1843- ), 100th birthday, 1943
  • Bedessem, Nicholas (1856-1944), obituary
  • Bisceglia, Andrea & wife, golden wedding, 1943
  • Bisewski, Frank (1870- ), retirement, 1943
  • Blomstrand, Harold R., 1942
  • Butterfield, Justin, (see Chicago Daily News, 1925 May 23)
  • Clybourn, Archibald, (see Chicago Daily News, 1922 September 9)
  • Crawford, Peter (1796-1876), historical note, 1951
  • Dodge, Chester C., speech, 1931
  • Fish, J.F. (1863-1942), obituary
  • Garb, Peter and wife, golden wedding, 1942
  • Gates, Virginia, wins yard contest, 1942
  • Geisler, Herbert F. (alderman),news clipping, circa 1950
  • Gentzen, Edward D. and wife, golden wedding, 1943
  • Gythfeldt, Inga (1884-1943), obituary
Box 1 Folder 2
  • Hackett, James (1860- ) and wife (1864- ), 1935, 1944
  • Hall, George Cleveland (1864-1930), memorial
  • Hillig, Hattie (1869-1943), obituary
  • Hoffman, Valerie Walker (see Oversize 1)
  • Kalteux, Frank M., 1943
  • Kimball, Spencer Smalley (1842- ), published biographical sketch
  • Kirchhoff, Henry G. and wife, golden wedding, 1944
  • Kozacha, Joseph S., 1944
  • Lagodzinski, Teofil S. (1916- ), 1942
  • McKeone, John (1866-1944), obituary
  • Mohs, William A. and wife, golden anniversary, 1943
  • Nabors, John and wife, silver anniversary; 1944
  • Nelson, Norman (1942- ), contest winner, 1943
  • Newmann, Victor C., 1944
  • Norris, Eleanor (1932- ), confirmation, 1943 (see Oversize 1)
  • Oriiloski, Constance (1868-1943), obituary
  • Orilioski, W.J., 1943
  • Ott, Mary (1873-1943), obituary
Box 1 Folder 3
  • Peacock, Ray J., 1944
  • Peska, Frank, 1942
  • Podolski, Frances (1875-1943),obituary
  • Roherty, Catherine A., resigns office, undated
  • Roycraft, George W. (1847- ), 97th birthday, 1944
  • Schaefer, Edwin W. and wife, silver anniversary, 1943
  • Smith, Clayton F., campaign advertisement, 1942
  • Sparks, Dorothy, book publication, 1944
  • Thorton, Francis E., retirement, 1942
  • Vavrick, Thomas, 1943
  • Weimer, Alice, engagement, 1943
  • Weimerslage, Louis J. and wife, golden wedding, 1944
  • Wilkins, Mrs. Frank (1881-1943), obituary
  • Zukowski, Elaine Marion, engagement, 1943
  • Miscellaneous; 1942
Box 1 Folder 4 Arnold Family, genealogical notes
Box 1 Folder 5 Dawson family, genealogical notes
Box 1 Folder 6 Hazelton, Capt. William (1832- ), biographical sketch
Box 1 Folder 6a Mersbach, Clarence, recital programs, 1909

Series 2: Businesses

Box 1 Folder 7 Hartwig Drug Company, advertisements, stationery, 1910s-1931; brochure and history, 1939
Box 1 Folder 8 Kimbell Trust & Savings Bank, anniversary booklet, 1929
Box 1 Folder 9 Lambrecht Jewelry Store, 1913-1914, undated
Box 1 Folder 10 Avondale Currency Exchange, J & R Motor Supply, Knight & Mein Real Estate, Logan Bowl (bowling alley), Olson Rug Company, Sax-On Paint Store, 1942-1944

Series 3: Religious Institutions

Box 1 Folder 11 First English Evangelical, programs, 1910, 1914
Box 1 Folder 12 Grace Evangelical, brochure, news clippings, 1942-1944
Box 1 Folder 13
  • Bethany Presbyterian, news clipping, 1938
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, postcard, undated
  • Immanuel Methodist, news clipping, 1944
  • Nazareth Evangelical, bulletin, 1914

Series 4: Clubs and Organizations

Box 1 Folder 14 American Legion posts 405, 786, 159, 712, Women’s Auxiliary, news clippings, 1943-1944
Box 1 Folder 15 Avondale Meeting House, membership list, undated
Box 1 Folder 16 Logan Square Festival and Circus, 1932
Box 1 Folder 17 Logan Square Neighborhood Association, by-laws, flyer, news clipping, 1962-1967, 1977 (See also: Oversize 2)
Box 1 Folder 18 Logan Square YMCA, news clippings, 1970
Box 1 Folder 19 Logan Square Women’s Christian Temperance Union, 1931
Box 1 Folder 20
  • Czechoslovak Society of America, 1944
  • Kiwanis, 1943
  • Lions, 1943
  • Logan Square-Chicago Boys Clubs, letterhead, undated
  • Old Timers Baseball Association, 1943
  • Sons of Norway, 1943
  • United Charities, undated
  • Globe Players of Avondale Park, “Antigone” program

Series 5: Historical Sketches

Box 1 Folder 21 Anonymous historical notes re Logan Square, 1930s?
Box 1 Folder 22 “Down Milwaukee Avenue. To Logan Square and Prosperity” by John H. Stehman, published in Logan Square Herald, 1932 July 21
Box 1 Folder 23 “History of Avondale” by Room One, Avondale School, 1939
Box 1 Folder 24 “History of Logan Square” by Logan Square Branch, Chicago Public Library, 1938
Box 1 Folder 25 Miscellaneous, 1922-1980
Box 1 Folder 26 Norwegians in Logan Square, news clippings, 1940, undated
Box 1 Folder 27 “Reminiscences of Holstein,” three articles, two by Catherine F. Arnold
Box 1 Folder 28 “Story of Logan Square” by John H. Stehman
Box 1 Folder 29 “The Story of Milwaukee Avenue,” 1930s?
Box 1 Folder 30 “The Township of Jefferson” by Alfred Bull, 1911

Series 6: Hospitals

Box 1 Folder 31 Norwegian American Hospital, dedication program, 1930

Series 7: Libraries

Box 1 Folder 32 CPL Logan Square Branch, correspondence, Logan Square history, 1942-1944

Series 7: Newspapers

Box 1 Folder 33 Logan Square Herald, photocopied fragments, 1911, 1932 (See also Folder 22)

Series 8: Parks

Box 1 Folder 34 Logan Square, band concert program, 1922 September 7

Series 9: Residences

Box 1 Folder 35 3332-34 N. Palmer Street, news clipping, 1966
Box 1 Folder 36 2122 N. Western Avenue, news clipping, 1940

Series 10: Schools

Box 1 Folder 37 Avondale School, 1920, 1939
Box 1 Folder 38
  • Darwin, PTA clippings; 1943
  • Funston, program; 1938
  • Monroe, news clipping, 1966
  • St. Sylvester, news clipping, 1944
Box 1 Folder 39 Private schools, list of, in news clipping, 1980

Series 11: Streets

Box 1 Folder 40 “Logan Square Project” (Kennedy expressway)
Box 1 Folder 41 Map, “Community Area Number 22 Logan Square,” 1935?

Series 12: Transportation

Box 1 Folder 42
  • Fullerton buses, news clipping, 1942
  • CTA Logan Square train station, news clipping, 1970 (see also Oversize 3)

Series 13: Wartime Activities

Box 1 Folder 43 World War II, Avondale draftees farewell, 1942
Box 1 Folder 44 World War II, news clippings of servicemen and women overseas and of Logan Square home front activities, 1942-1944
Box 1 Folder 45 World War II, sugar rationing, undated

Oversize Materials

Oversize 1 Biographical:
  • Hoffman, Valerie Walker, 1955
  • Norris, Eleanor, 1943
Oversize 2 Logan Square Neighborhood Association
Oversize 3 CTA Logan Square Station, news clipping, 1970
Oversize 4 Dansk Tidende, war death of Viggo Brix (1920-1944) son of publisher of Danish & Northwest Times, volume 53:45, 9 Nov 1944
Oversize 5
  • Stehman, John H. and Edward M. Sieja. Map of Logan Square District as it was in 1881. (Photostat: negative and positive). Shows location of buildings and names of occupants. Subsequent streets shown in dotted lines.
  • Logan-Avondale Booster, merchants seek better mail service and parking, volume 1:7, 1952 March 26
Oversize 6
  • Logan Square Free Press, protest over lack of renovation in CHA-owned properties, volume V:10, 1984 January 26
  • Logan Square Herald, History of Logan Square (photocopy fragments only) (see also: Box 1, Folders 22 and 33), volume II:23, 22 September 1911; volume XXIII:29, 21 Jul 1932
Oversize 7 Logan Square News − groundbreaking for new Logan Square Branch of the Chicago Public Library, volume 26:10, 7 March 1951; volume 26:11, 14 Mar 1951
Oversize 8 North West Herald , Logan Square Branch Library, volume XXX:17, 1940 September 13
Oversize 9 33rd Ward Democrat, ward news, September 1977
Oversize 10 Vinland, volume 19:21, 22 May 1975; volume 19:25, 19 June 1975

Photographs

Series 2: Businesses

Photograph 1.1 Hartwig Drug Store, 1939
Photograph 1.2 Lambrecht Jewelry, exterior, 1939
Photograph 1.3 Lambrecht Jewelry, clock, 1939
Photograph 1.4 C. Utz Dry Goods and Notions, 1893
Photograph 2.1 – slide Hartwig Apothecary, facade of building at 1570 Milwaukee Avenue, circa 1910 (from folder 7)
Photograph 2.2 – slide Hartwig Apothecary, label for patent medicine “Skin-A-Fire,” 1931 (from folder 7)
Photograph 2.3 – slide Hines Lumber Co., lumber yards, 1911 (from folder 30)
Photograph 2.4 – slide Olson Rug Company – waterfall and rock garden, 2800 N. Pulaski, 1944 (from folder 10)

Series 3: Clubs and Organizations

Photograph 1.5 Elmira Turner Hall Fife and Drum Corps, 1898

Series 1: Portraits

Photograph 1.6 Arnold, Victor P. (1873-1929), circa 1927
Photograph 1.7 Thorton, Mrs. F.E., 1938
Photograph 2.6 - slide Kimbell, Martin Nelson (1812-95) and Sarah Ann Smalley, circa 1890. (from folder 8)

Series 9: Residences

Photograph 1.8 2225 Campbell Park Avenue, 1939
Photograph 1.9 3221-3223 Milwaukee Avenue (Sweeney home), 1937
Photograph 1.10 2127 N. Western Avenue (Powell home), 1937
Photograph 1.10a 2127 N. Western Avenue (Powell home), 1937 (Variant view of 1.10a)

Series 10: Schools

Photograph 1.11 Avondale School, class of January, 1939
Photograph 1.12 Funston School, class of January, 1938
Photograph 1.13 Hoffman Avenue School, faculty, 1892
Photograph 1.14 Pacific School, class photo, 1887
Photograph 1.15 Pacific School, class photo, 1893

Series 11: Streets

Photograph 1.16 Logan Square, 1900
Photograph 1.17 Logan Square, color postcard, circa 1905
Photograph 1.18 Logan Square (?), southwest corner (?), circa 1925
Photograph 1.19 California and Diversey Avenues, 1934
Photograph 1.20 Carolina Street, 1930s
Photograph 1.21 Carver Street, 1930s
Photograph 2.7 – slide Fullerton Avenue east from Crawford, 1900 (from folder 8)
Photograph 2.8 – slide Fullerton Avenue east from Crawford, 1929 (from folder 8)
Photograph 2.9 - slide Logan Square, 1922 (from folder 25)

Series 12: Transportation

Photograph 1.22 Chicago Union Traction Co., street cars, summer, Armitage Avenue, 1899

Series 14: Municipal Agencies

Photograph 2.5 - slide Jefferson Town Hall, 1911. (from folder 30)
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