Philip David Sang Collection

Dates: 1682-1970
Size: 15 linear feet (16 archival boxes, including 10 flats and 3 oversize)
Repository: Chicago Public Library, Woodson Regional Library, Vivian G. Harsh Research Collection of Afro-American History and Literature, 9525 S. Halsted Street, Chicago, Illinois 60628
Collection Number: 1978/01
Provenance: Some items purchased from Philip D. Sang by Ralph Newman, who then donated them to the Chicago Public Library, 1978. Other items purchased directly by the Chicago Public Library, 1978.
Access: Limited. Due to the fragile nature of the materials, the majority of unpublished items may only be viewed online here, opens a new window. The entirety of the digital collection may be viewed in the Harsh Collection via DVD. Physical access must be arranged by prior appointment only and is at the sole discretion of the archivist.
Citation: When quoting material from this collection the preferred citation is: Philip D. Sang Collection, [Box #, Folder #], Chicago Public Library, Woodson Regional Library, Vivian G. Harsh Research Collection of Afro-American History and Literature
Processed by: Michael Flug, Senior Archivist, Harsh Archival Processing Project, and Mosi Kamau, Assistant Archivist, Harsh Archival Processing Project, 2016; portions digitized in 2016-2017 by Cynthia Fife-Townsel, Librarian, Harsh Research Collection; digital metadata created by Cynthia Fife-Townsel and Rachel Shaevel, Metadata Librarian, Chicago Public Library, 2017


Philip David Sang, 1902-1975

Born in Chicago on November 27, 1902, Philip D. Sang was a 1923 graduate of Illinois Institute of Technology with a degree in mechanical engineering. He went on to become a hugely successful corporate executive who served as president of the Goldenrod Ice Cream Company, as a corporate officer for Humiston-Keeling, a pharmaceutical company, and as a director for the vending machine firm, ARA (Automatic Retailers of America).

In addition, Sang served on the board of governors of Hebrew Union College, and on the board of the Bibliographical and Archeological Society of Jerusalem. His interest in the history of minorities set him on a course to study American history. He spent much of his time collecting and studying manuscripts and other archival materials that illuminate 18th and 19th century American conflicts. Early in his career as a collector Sang concentrated on materials from the Civil War era. This early work broadened into a study of the development of American freedom, in ideals and in practice. His personal collection included materials from the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and from the signers of the United States Constitution.

Sang donated manuscript collections to Brandeis University, Yale University, the Illinois State Historical Museum and to Southern Illinois University, among others. He also loaned items from his vast collection to many museums and libraries for historical exhibits. As his stature as a collector grew, he served on the board of the Institute of Human Relations in Oak Park, Illinois, and on the board of its museum, Freedom Hall. In the last decades of his life he was an officer, and eventually president, of the Illinois State Historical Society and a trustee of the Illinois State Historical Library.

During the 1960s, Sang spent much of his time with documents from the African American experience in slavery and in the resistance which culminated in its abolition. In this period he purchased African American history materials from Ralph Newman, owner of the Abraham Lincoln Book Shop. Newman later served as President of the Board of the Chicago Public Library for more than a decade.

Philip Sang died in Chicago on May 16, 1975. After his death his widow, Elsie Olin Sang, sold many of his remaining manuscript and archival collections. He saved many historically significant manuscripts from being sold to autograph collectors and thus lost to researchers and scholars. Most of the documents he spent a lifetime collecting are now in archival repositories open to the public, including those now housed at the Chicago Public Library.


Simon, John Y., The Lincoln Forum: Rediscovering Abraham Lincoln. New York: Fordham University Press, 2002

Walton, Clyde, “Philip David Sang, 1902-1975,” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, November 1975


The Philip David Sang Collection is an artificial grouping of manuscripts, photographs, published works and ephemera united by its subject. For this collection, Sang sought out and purchased rare and unique materials on the economic and social institution of slavery and of the resistance of enslaved persons to its brutal rule. He also gathered rare published materials on slavery and the abolitionist movement which sought to terminate slavery in the United States, in Britain and in the British Empire. In addition, Sang purchased a small group of letters, manuscripts, and photographs on African American history which extended from the period immediately after the Civil War to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.

Series 1: The Economic and Social Institution of Slavery in the United States and the Resistance of Enslaved People  

This series is divided into five subseries:

Subseries 1: Runaways

This subseries chiefly consists of correspondence, newspaper advertisements and posters created by enslavers seeking the capture and return of people who escaped from slavery. These items date from 1831 to 1862, and are largely concentrated in Virginia, the Chesapeake Bay region and the Northeast. Of special note is J.E. Gardiner’s 1861 letter to police detailing two escapes by the same person, “Davy Neale.” This subseries is arranged chronologically.

Subseries 2: Transactions for sale, hire, bequest or auction

This subseries documents the various types of transactions in which enslaved people served as property for enslavers. These financial documents provide information on the monetary values applied to enslaved persons, their health condition, and their status as bequests following the death of the enslaver. The documents range in date from 1741 to 1864. This subseries is arranged chronologically.

Subseries 3: Inventory and Birth Records

This subseries provides examples of the documentation enslavers compiled to track births and deaths of enslaved people, and to create inventories of them held on plantations. The documents range in date from 1799 to 1816. The subseries is arranged chronologically.

Subseries 4: Other Archival Materials on the Treatment of Free and Enslaved Africans in the United States

This subseries includes a range of communications on issues arising from enslavement of Black people. Among the documents is a 1794 response by an aide to Pres. Washington replying to appeals for aid from Haitians who fled the Haitian Revolution and arrived in Charleston, South Carolina. The documents range in date from 1794 to 1865. The subseries is arranged chronologically.

Subseries 5: Indenture Documents and Labor Contracts following the Civil War

This subseries consists of early contracts between “masters” and “indentured servants,” and two examples of labor contracts written in the immediate aftermath of the Civil War. These contracts, which differ from the economic arrangements of slavery, nevertheless underline the severe constraints placed on those who were “indentured.” This series is arranged chronologically; the documents range in date from 1682 (in England) to an early post-slavery labor contract in Alabama in 1866.

Series 2: Abolitionism

This series contains documentary materials from members of the abolitionist movement, including correspondence, personal recollections, autographed quotations and photographs, flyers and reunion books. Among the authors represented are John Brown, Jr., “Parson” Brownlow, Lydia Child, Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, Gerrit Smith and Lewis Tappan. Of special note is a letter from Col. Robert Gould Shaw to his father during the Civil War, and a court notebook recording Sir John Powell’s 1708 decision in an English court that “the Law of England will admit of no such property in men as in goods.” This series dates extend from 1708 to 1899.

Series 3: Post-Civil War Documents in African American History

This is a small series containing a variety of materials on African American history and civil rights issues. Among the historical figures represented are: Gwendolyn Brooks, Ralph Bunche, George Washington Carver, Frederick Douglass, O.O. Howard, Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Booker T. Washington. This series is arranged alphabetically by author; the dates range from 1865 to 1968. Of special note are two 1906 memos dispatched by Arctic explorer Robert Peary to his African American exploration partner, Matthew Henson, while Henson was traversing the ice near the North Pole.

Series 4: Maps and Drawings of Africa

This series includes an early map of the West African coast and the main rivers flowing to the sea from inland regions. Also included are C. Singer’s drawings of West Africa arbitrarily snipped from a book by Cyrus LeRoy Baldridge, White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929.

Series 5: Oversize Materials

Large-format manuscript materials housed separate from their perspective Series.

Series 6: Published Works on Slavery in the Western Hemisphere and the Resistance of Enslaved Africans

This series includes 77 published works written primarily by opponents of slavery, but also contains several works in defense of slavery. Most of these pamphlets were published before and during the Civil War, and few copies exist of the works in their original form. Authors include leading abolitionists both in Congress and in the pulpits. This series is arranged alphabetically by author where the author is known. Oversized published works are included in Box 13. The Harsh Collection decided not to digitize the majority of items in this series as the material was previously published and most titles are freely available online or can be located at other repositories. In 2017, links were added to item descriptions to assist researchers in locating digitized copies.

Series 7: Engravings and Photographs

This series is comprised of five engravings of abolitionists, and eleven photographs, primarily of activists and leaders in that movement.

Series 8: Manuscripts: Framed and Oversize

This series is housed in Boxes 15 and 16. With the exception of the first item, a bill of sale, all of these items are arguments and advertisements for the abolitionist cause.

Related Materials

Related materials at Chicago Public Library include:


Series 1: The Economic and Social Institution of Slavery and the Resistance of Enslaved People

Subseries 1: Runaways

Box 1 Folder 1 King, John, letter to Capt. Goddard, inquiring if a formerly enslaved African is “one my father has had run away,” Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1831 June 3
Box 1 Folder 2 Lee, Richard Blanch, reward offer for return of an escaped girl named Margery, Washington, D.C., circa 1847
Box 1 Folder 3 Telegram (Washington and New Orleans Magnetic Telegraph Company) to Richmond Chief of Police warning of Mary, a bright Mulatto girl escapee. Enslaver was Mrs. Hale of Manchester. Telegram sent by [R.O. Lizer], Manchester, Virginia, 1850 May 19
Box 1 Folder 4 Lodge, A.A., reward notice “for the arrest of my servant,” Washington, D.C., 1861 February 8
Box 1 Folder 5 Jones, William B. Reward note and authorization for A.E.L. Vreese to deliver “servant girl Mary Ann Allen” to Bladensburg, Maryland, 1850 March 7
Box 1 Folder 5a Jones, William B. Reward note for $200 and authorization for A.E.L. Vreese to deliver “Mary Ann Allen” to Bladensburg, Maryland, to Mr. Thomas Wilson, ($50), 1851 July 28
Box 1 Folder 6 R.W. Scott, reward letter seeking capture of escapee, Basil Gant, believed to be in Washington, D.C., 1851 November 1
Box 1 Folder 7 Benjamin Watkins, letter from Davidsonville, Maryland requesting capture of “my man Singleton,” and offering reward, 1852 May 22
Box 1 Folder 8 Chipley, S.N., letter to police requesting arrest of escapee “Archibald”, Alexandria, Virginia, 1852 August 27
Box 1 Folder 9 Fitzhugh, Edwin, escapee notice seeking “a Negro boy named Henry”, enslaved in Fairfax County, Virginia, and escaped 1852 August 9; Notice written 1853 April 5
Box 1 Folder 10 Chappell, William H., letter to authorities requesting help in arresting escapee “Austin” who left Farmville, Virginia. Offers reward for jailing him, 1853 December 12
Box 1 Folder 11 Grayson, Robert O., “$100 Reward!”  poster for escapee named Osbourne. Escaped from Stevensburg, Culpeper Co., Virginia, 1854 October 14
Box 1 Folder 12 Parr, James W., letter offering reward for return of escapee [Jesse], Jeffersonton, Culpepper, Virginia, 1854 October 31
Box 1 Folder 13 Gwynn, William, escapee notice by William Gwynn. Prince George County, Maryland for “a Negro Man named David Young,” Prince George County, Maryland. Escaped 1854 December 29
Box 1 Folder 14 Stowers, Samuel, agreement with “Mr. Cox” for capturing and returning the escapee “Mary Johnson” and any children she has, twenty five years after she escaped, Washington, D.C. 1855 January 23
Box 1 Folder 15 Beard, Thomas, reward notice from Thomas W. Beard for capture and return of Bill Calvert, from Piscataway, Prince George County, Maryland. 1854
Box 1 Folder 16 Hunton, William, reward poster for capture of escaped man, Richard. New Baltimore, Virginia. 1855 June 12
Box 1 Folder 17 Matthews, William, reward notice for an escaped “Negro man named Landy” from near Charlotte Lake [no state given], 1855 August 7
Box 1 Folder 18 Turner, Edward C., letter seeking return of “my woman who is a runaway from Mr. Beverly of Loudon County, Virginia”. The woman sought “calls herself Jane Blockburn or sometimes Jane Dixon.” Letter sent to William Cox, Constable, Washington, D.C., 1855
Box 1 Folder 19 Compton, William, letter offering $200 reward for two escaped men named Turner and Monroe, Port Tobacco, Charles County, Maryland. 1856 March 4
Box 1 Folder 20 Escapee notice, Warrenton, Virginia. No reward offered; reference to William D. Bell’s letter. 1856 April 4
Box 1 Folder 21 Howard, Joseph, reward notice for escapee Isaac Brown, 19, from Prince Georges County, Maryland, 1857 March 25
Box 1 Folder 22 Warren County Jail payment receipt to Haller Nutt for services “for arresting Negro William” on June 13, 1857. Signed by Jailor [Washington Thames] on behalf of Samuel Edwards, Sheriff, Vicksburg, Mississippi, 1857 June 19
Box 1 Folder 23 Wheeler, Cyrus, letter regarding advertisement from Gerard Rison, mention made of potential capture and reward for return of escapee named Ben, Doncaster, Maryland, 1857 December 11;  advertisement included in letter dated 1855 September 27
Box 1 Folder 24 Duval, William, letter from jailor regarding escaped “boy” enslaved by Charles [Cloman] of [Richmond, Virginia], Chesterfield County, Virginia. 1857
Box 1 Folder 25 [Author unknown], escapee notice regarding former of carriage driver [Diggs], enslaved by George [Graham] of Prince George County, Maryland, 1858 March 9
Box 1 Folder 26 Pumphrey, William P, letter offering reward for apprehension of escaped man named Andrew, Washington, D.C. 1859 June 2
Box 1 Folder 27 Duvall, George W. List of escapees with descriptions. Prince George’s County, Maryland, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 28 Gardiner, J. E. Letter to “officers of the law,” documenting escape, recapture and subsequent escape of carpenter Davy Neale, Upper Marlboro, Prince George County, Maryland, 1861 March 25
Box 1 Folder 29 Capt. Maddox, U.S.M. Corps, letter to Mr. Keese, Detective, Washington, D.C. regarding capture of “Negro boy” named Harry, who escaped from Glenellen, D.C., 1861
Box 1 Folder 30 Berry, [P.J.] letter to Mr. Kuso regarding capture of escapee Edward [Beale], 1862 July 12
Box 1 Folder 31 [unknown], description of eleven escapees enslaved by Thomas Berry, Prince George County, Maryland, 1862
Box 1 Folder 32 Reward notice for escapee, William Harper, enslaved by Clements Hill [undated]
Box 1 Folder 33 Cox, Samuel, reward notice for escapee, Isaac Nelson, Charles County, Maryland [undated]
Box 1 Folder 34 Baden, John, reward notice for escapee, Sam Hawkings, Prince George County, Maryland, [no year given] May 8; Printed reward notice for escapees, Sanford Lee, John Lee, and Jane Lee, [no year given] June 10
Box 1 Folder 35 Thomas, Dr. J.W., “Ran Away” poster, “$100 reward for capture of Negro boy” Robert Porter, age 19, Pomunky P.O., Charles County, Maryland [undated]
Box 1 Folder 36 Two print ads seeking the purchase of persons, [undated]; notice of estate sale for John L. Millard, Leonardtown, Maryland, [undated]; two print escapee notices for individuals enslaved by Henrietta O’Neale, Poolesville, Maryland [undated] and Bushrod Powell, [undated] Fairfax County, Virginia; reward notice for escaped man, Tom, enslaved by George Poindexter [undated]
Box 1 Folder 37 [Luttle], C.F., reward notice for escapee, Anthony, Richmond, Virginia, 1854 April 4

Subseries 2: Transactions for sale, hire, bequest, or auction

Box 2 Folder 1 Cooper, John, bill of sale for enslaved person sold to John Partridge, Plimouth [Plymouth], Massachusetts, 1741 May 5
Box 2 Folder 2 [Sodin], Samuel, promissory note to Thomas Macredie & Company for “servant man,” Thomas Finch, 1752 June 7
Box 2 Folder 3 Van Valkenburgh, Teroon, bill of sale for enslaved woman named Dien to John Van Alen, Albany County, New York, 1774 June 16
Box 2 Folder 4 Grafton, Zachery, Jotham Grafton, and Charles Grafton, bill of sale for enslaved woman named Phillis to Charles Grafton, in York County, York, [Pennsylvania], 1770 July 20 and 1775 December 2
Box 2 Folder 5 Joshua H. Smith, bill of sale for two enslaved women, Mary and Amy, to John Scott, Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina, 1779 May 8
Box 2 Folder 6 Hudson, James, bill of sale, and undated typed transcript, for Lucy Kelley, age 12, Camden District, [South Carolina], 1786 November 10
Box 2 Folder 7 Daniel Mitchell, contract for sale of land, including enslaved persons to Pat[rick] Henry, Fayette County, Kentucky, 1791 August 20
Box 2 Folder 8 Handwritten copy of Chancery Court decree in William Herbert v. Buckner Stith. Case assigns land and enslaved persons to petitioner (Herbert). Signed by Court Clerk, Lester Wagoner, Fairfax, Virginia, 1791; [reverse appears to be further instructions added 1792 March 22 and 23]
Box 2 Folder 9 McIlvaine, Joseph, bill of sale for enslaved man, Andrew, to Mordecai Lewis, with the promise that Andrew be freed on October 1, 1801, Burlington, New Jersey, 1794 October 13
Box 2 Folder 10 Cowden, James receipt for sale of a “Negro woman and child named Barbara and George,” purchased by Capt. Andrew Lee, 1798 February 6
Box 2 Folder 11 White, Edward, bill of sale for a "Negro boy Tom” aged 10, to Angus Martin, 1798 June 29
Box 2 Folder 12 Cowden, James, bill of sale to Andrew Lee for “Negro Woman named Barbara aged about 30 years,” Dauphin County, Harrisburgh [Harrisburg], Pennsylvania, 1800 September 13
Box 2 Folder 13 Lee, Andrew, bill of sale to Alexander Waugh for a “Negro man Tom and a Negro woman named Barbara,” Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1800 December 2
Box 2 Folder 14 Hammond, C. [H]., bill of sale for “Negro man by the name of [Nau],” 1803 July 1
Box 2 Folder 15 Brown, [Harlton], bill of sale for “one Negro man named Joe, one negro woman named Dinah, and six negro children by names Nelly, Judy, Cesar, Mary, Delia, Hagar, and also one negro woman named Leah and three other negro children by names Jim, [Bess], Henry.” Sold at public auction to Gideon Hagood, Barnwell, South Carolina, 1803 September 5
Box 2 Folder 16 Myers, Mary, receipt for proceeds of the estate of Jesse Rountree, including enslaved persons, 1816 September 27
Box 2 Folder 17 Douglas, George, last will and testament bequeathing enslaved persons to his wife and children. Bedford County [no state given], 1812 April
Box 2 Folder 18 Nance, Robert R., receipts for enslaved boy, Ned, and woman, Pleasant, and other items, 1817 May and 1818 July
Box 2 Folder 19 Bailey, William, note requiring balance due for the hire of “Davy,” to Col. William Armistead, Lynchburg, [Virginia], 1821 January 25
Box 2 Folder 20 Edmonds, Dorothy A., bill of sale for five enslaved persons, Newberry [County], South Carolina, 1826 March 21. Second entry on bill records resale to [R.R.], 1827 June 9. Registered and recorded, Columbia, South Carolina, 1827 June 15
Box 2 Folder 21 Bill of sale of Elinor, enslaved girl, from J.G. Carothers, sheriff, to H. Bradford, Haywood County, Tennessee. Registered by Francis S. Coxe, 1831 April 5
Box 2 Folder 22 Daniel, William, bill of sale to P. Weaver for three persons: Malinda 22, her daughter 3, and son 1,  Amherst Court House [no state given], 1831 July 1
Box 2 Folder 23 Announcement of “Public Sale of Negroes” by Richard Clagett, at Potters Mart, Charleston, South Carolina, 1833 March 5
Box 2 Folder 24 Greenleaf, Atwood and Lewis Dupree, Promissory note to pay estate of John F. Ward for hire of enslaved man, Irvin, for $100, 1834 December 26
Box 2 Folder 25 Meux, Mary O, Receipt for payment for enslaved girl named [Myrna] from Hiram Bradford. Haywood, Tennessee, 1835 January 27
Box 2 Folder 26 D. Scott, Memo on debts owed, sale of property “and Negroes,” May have been mailed from Haddonfield, New Jersey to Thomas Green, Esq., Richmond, Virginia, 1836 March 5
Box 2 Folder 27 Receipt for payment of taxes on property, including enslaved persons, paid by John T. Washington, [1859]
Box 2 Folder 28 Boudin, William and [illegible name], Receipt of payment to [Col.] Abraham Lincoln for purchase of enslaved woman named “Rachel,” Richmond, [Virginia], 1840 April 13; accompanied by typed card giving brief biography on the Abraham Lincoln named in the receipt [undated]
Box 2 Folder 29 Taylor, James H., bill of sale for enslaved person to Hiram Bradford, Brownsville, Tennessee, 1842 October 15
Box 2 Folder 30 Sheriff’s bill of sale to M. O’Connor for two enslaved women, Jane and Sarah, from Edward Mulligan, South Carolina, 1843 October 9. Sale was ordered for payment of taxes owed.
Box 2 Folder 31 Farish, Oscar, letter to Thomas Green, Esq. concerning a debt owed and a “bill of sale for the negroes,” [Silver Springs, Maryland], 1844 September 8
Box 2 Folder 32 Bird, Edward and William Bird, document acknowledges execution of the last will and testament of William Bird regarding auction and sale of enslaved man, John, to Robert Habersham of Savannah, Georgia; registered by R.F. Akin, Chatham County, Georgia Clerk’s Office; created in Effingham County, Georgia and signed 1846 December 1
Box 2 Folder 33 Hill & Marsh, bill of sale for two enslaved women and baby sold to Hiram Bradford, Memphis, Tennessee, 1847 March 11
Box 2 Folder 34 [Irvin, J.R.], bill of sale for enslaved woman and child, sold by J. B. Parnell, 1847 May 11
Box 2 Folder 35 John Broyles, promissory note to Sam Broyles, agreeing to payments for hire of “two Negro women name Harriet and America” for one year, beginning January 1, 1848. Three payments made are listed on reverse.
Box 2 Folder 36 Mason, W.A., receipt for hire of “Henderson, Sally and child,” to I.T. Washington, 1852 December 1
Box 2 Folder 37 Rogers, Eugene W., representing Southern Mutual Insurance Company, insurance policy taken out on enslaved man, Samuel Younger, by John Younger, Apalachicola, Florida, 1852 December 5
Box 2 Folder 38 Wiseman Ross estate, “Appraisal and order of division of slaves” to nine heirs, [Chambers County, Alabama], 1852 December 23
Box 2 Folder 39 Fayette County [Kentucky] Circuit Court, Lewis Robards, Plaintiff, v. Thomas Shouse, Defendant, court document regarding condition of enslaved man, Tom, at time of sale, Fayette County, [Lexington], Kentucky, 1854 March 21; bill of sale for Tom, 1853 September 16
Box 2 Folder 40 Cooper, W.R. Receipt for purchase of two enslaved boys, Alexander and Frank, by Samuel D. Fuller, 1854 March 1
Box 2 Folder 41 Poster for court ordered public auction of enslaved persons in Littleton Gatewood v. King’s Administrator, etc., Louisville, [Kentucky], 1854 June 30
Box 2 Folder 42 Halsey, Seth, promissory note to pay Sarah Swinney for “hire of Negro man John for the present year,” for work on farm in Bedford County, [no state given], 1857 January 5
Box 2 Folder 43 Alexander, W.H., sales receipt for “Bob, a slave aged about 38 years,” to V. A. [McGee], 1858 August 11
Box 2 Folder 44 [Royan], James, receipt for purchase of enslaved boy, Allen, by Mrs. Mary H. [Hammon], Vicksburg, [Mississippi], 1863 February 4
Box 2 Folder 45 Davis, R.H., W.H. Goodwin and T.W. Shelton. Receipts for purchases of enslaved person(s), 1841, 1863
Box 2 Folder 46 Receipt for loan of “Sandy, slave of Joel Hubbard, to labor on fortifications” of Union Army. Receipt given to enslaver C.D. Bennett, and signed by C.P. Alyde, agent, 1864 March 4
Box 2 Folder 47 Dunlap, Joseph C., receipt for purchase of enslaved man, Jim K. Polk, to E. [Sleadman], Gwinnett County, Georgia, 1864 March 14
Box 2 Folder 48 [Hatton], Joseph, Receipt for purchase of two enslaved persons, “Miley and her child Molly,” to Ephraim Tweedy, Augusta, Georgia, 1864 July 4
Box 2 Folder 49 Contract negotiation document for sale [or rental] of “eleven Negroes,” All experienced coal miners and some with engineering skills. Descriptions of each. [No date, place, or signature given]

Subseries 3: Inventory and Birth Records

Box 3 Folder 1 Certificate of registration for two enslaved persons as required by Pennsylvania’s 1780 Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery; Jim, registered by Archibald McAllister and Pompey registered by Elizabeth Carson; recorded by John Hubley, clerk, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1797 May 22
Box 3 Folder 2 Warner, Charles, certificate of birth for child named Philip born to enslaved woman named Sarah, New York, 1807 March 23
Box 3 Folder 3 Puffer, George, certificate of birth for child named Mary born to enslaved woman named Mary, New York City, 1809 March 23
Box 3 Folder 4 McKinney, William, certificate of birth for child named Mary Ann born to enslaved woman named Hagar, New York [City], 1809 March 15
Box 3 Folder 5 Birth certificates filed by three enslavers, (Jonathan Lawrence, Jotham Post, and Andrew Hamersley) for children born to their slaves, New York City, 1805, 1807, 1810.
Box 3 Folder 6 Marshalk, Christian, certificate of birth for child named Brunetta James born to enslaved woman named Margaret James, New York, 1811 March 26
Box 3 Folder 7 Parsons, Catherine, certificate of birth of child named John born to enslaved woman named Jane, New York, 1811 May 6.
Box 3 Folder 8 Coursey, E., property assessment, includes enslaved persons, sent to county assessor, W. John Tolson, Queen Anne’s County [Cheston on the Wye, Maryland], 1813 March 20
Box 3 Folder 9 [Tilghman], Philip, property assessment, includes enslaved persons, sent to county assessor, W. John Tolson, Queen Anne’s County, [Maryland], 1813 April 10
Box 3 Folder 10 Property assessment, including enslaved persons, for Stephen Lowry, Queen Anne’s County, [Maryland]; [created by or sent to Mrs. Lydia Biddle], 1813
Box 3 Folder 11 Wright, Thomas, property assessment, includes enslaved persons, sent to county assessor, John Tolson, Queen Anne’s County, [Maryland], 1813 April 12
Box 3 Folder 12 Betton, Nathan, property assessment, includes enslaved persons, [Queen Anne’s County, Maryland], 1813.
Box 3 Folder 13 Arden, Catherine, executrix of Francis Arden, Senior, deceased, and transcribed Last Will and Testament, certifies that a “black male child, Richard Miller” was born 1815 October 10, in New York. Statement filed 1816 July 9.

Subseries 4: Other Archival Materials on the treatment of free and enslaved people in the United States

Box 4 Folder 1 Letter from [Bartholomew] Dandridge [secretary to President George Washington] to [Comte Alexandre Francois] Auguste de Grasse; Washington responds to requests for aid to persons who fled Santo Domingo [Haitian] revolution, Charleston, South Carolina, 1794 June 29
Box 4 Folder 2 Kirkham, Peter, petition sent to Robert Wright, Governor of Maryland, requesting pardon of enslaved man, Richard Bowser. Petition requests delivery of Bowser to John Drew of North Carolina, agent, 1807 January 20
Box 4 Folder 3 Signed and sworn complaint by Jacob Seaman and others against Sally Ann Jackson, Amelia Thompson, Eliza Dukson, Mary Francis, Benjamin Jacoby, Peter Francis, and “a number of other blacks” for “disturbing the peace” near a liberty pole on Crosby Street, New York City, 1824 August 10
Box 4 Folder 4 Letter from Richard H. Bayard to Richard Smith, Esq., regarding character reference for a “black man about forty who calls himself James M. Jones” seeking employment, Wilmington, Delaware; Washington, D.C., 1826 December 26
Box 4 Folder 5 Letter from W. [Swails], Columbia, Pennsylvania, to Thomas Hammond, Liberty Town, Frederick County, Maryland, reporting offer from [Throns] to secure the purchase of his wife and daughter from Hammond, 1838 July 28
Box 4 Folder 6 Exchange of letters between Oscar Farish in Houston, Texas and W.R. Baker in Washington, D.C., regarding estate which included two enslaved persons, 1851 June 21 and 23
Box 4 Folder 7 Page 239 of from Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Robbins Curtis’ opinion in Dred Scott v. Sanford decision, 1856 December
Box 4 Folder 8 Warrant for arrest and imprisonment of “Louis, a coloured man the property of James Ball,” for assault and robbery. Warrant signed by Thomas Hodge, Montgomery County, Maryland, 1858 October 4
Box 4 Folder 9 Letter from B. [Howe] to Mr. Halsey, describing problems with sick and resisting enslaved persons, 1860 July 19
Box 4 Folder 10 Printed notice, “General order No. 7,” issued by command of Brigadier General Benjamin Franklin Kelley; prohibiting railroad transportation of enslaved “black or mulatto” person, District of Grafton, Virginia, 1861 September 7
Box 4 Folder 11 “Negro Passport,” issued by “Confederate States of America War Dep’t,” Richmond, Virginia, 1865

Subseries 5: Indenture Documents and Labor Contracts

Box 5 Folder 1 Humphry, Henry. Indentured apprenticeship contract with Richard Abbott who would be taught tobacco [rolling] and cutting for nine years, Devon County [England], 1682 February 2
Box 5 Folder 2 Deposition given to Philadelphia mayor John Inskeep and alderman Robert Wharton regarding deed of manumission releasing a Black woman named Peg from a ten year indentured contract entered into between her and a white man, Caspar Rinker, in 1788, Virginia. Signed by witnesses for the plaintiff, Christian Hefs, Thomas Harrison, Fred Beales [Frederick Beaty], and John Harrison, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1801 July 25
Box 5 Folder 3 West, Robert, Indenture contract for “Negro boy” Abel (ten years old) for eighteen years, 1795 September 21. Contract was later sold to other masters including George Lisher [?], John Wideman, and Zachariah Poulson, 1795 September 25. Last entry on contract written in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1799 December 28
Box 5 Folder 4 Lashley, Abraham. Contract of Indenture with Bristol Godfrey of Digby, Nova Scotia, Canada (both Black men), 1800 December 8
Box 5 Folder 5 Fifteen orphan indenture contracts from Wilson County, [Tennessee], 1824-1835
Box 5 Folder 6 Bell, James. Indenture of apprenticeship of “Margaret, a girl of colour age 12,” Sangamon County, Illinois, 1838 April 12
Box 5 Folder 7 Letter from [Captain] R.L. Sweetman, Engineers Office, Smithville [now Southport], North Carolina, to Lt. W.M. Harris on “treatment of Negroes under my charge,” 1865 January 8
Box 5 Folder 8 Labor agreement between woman named Malinda and “G. Weaver” 1865 May 22
Box 5 Folder 9 Contract of service between Johan Kimball and Louisa Kimball, from January 1, 1866 through December 31, 1866, signed in Clarke County, Alabama, 1866

Series 2: Abolitionism

Box 6 Folder 1 Freedom Certificate for John Avery, a Black man, issued by Peter McCarter, 7th ward alderman, New York, 1814 April 27
Box 6 Folder 2 Bellew, Frank, “The Slave Owner’s Spectre” [cartoon and poem], published in Harper’s Weekly, 1863 May 30
Box 6 Folder 3 Brown, John, Photocopy of last will and testament, Charles Town, Jefferson County, West Virginia, 1859 December 2
Box 6 Folder 4 Brown, John, Jr., letter to uncle, aunt and cousins in West Andover, Ashtabula County, Ohio, 1859 January 21
Box 6 Folder 5 Letter from William Gannaway Brownlow to Benson J. Lossing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1862 July 9
Box 6 Folder 6 Letter from William Gannaway Brownlow to Doctor Sprague, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1862 August 13
Box 6 Folder 7 Child, Lydia Maria Francis, signed poem [no place or date given]
Box 6 Folder 8 Letter to Moncure Conway from unknown author, Boston, [1860s], includes typed transcript indicating author may be Wendell Phillips
Box 6 Folder 9 DeKay, Drake, “A loyal Negro is better than a traitor white…Yours Truly, Democratic Abolitionist,” 1861 May
Box 6 Folder 10 Douglass, Frederick, letter to “Miss Peabody,” apologizing for not writing her back sooner, Rochester, New York, 1850 July 28.
Box 6 Folder 11 Douglass, Frederick, letter to William Lloyd Garrison concerning the American Anti-Slavery Society, Rochester, New York, 1851 August 20
Box 6 Folder 12 Douglass, Frederick, unaddressed note regarding Abraham Lincoln’s death, Rochester, New York, 1865 April 18; includes transcript and photo print of Douglass
Box 6 Folder 13 Douglass, Frederick, letter to Hon. D.C. Ellis speaking to Ellis’ “character, integrity, industry and ability,” Washington, D.C. 1873 March 29
Box 6 Folder 14 Garrison, William Lloyd, two manuscripts: 1) Stanza from “Human Equality” poem, Boston, Massachusetts, 1875 June 2; 2) Notes by Garrison for speech on anti-slavery movement [most likely delivered in England], [undated]
Box 6 Folder 15 [Goddard, Lt. Selden R.], autographed manuscript, signed “G”, “The Battle of the Crater,” [Petersburg, Virginia, July 30, 1864, no place, circa 1870s]; includes descriptive card [used at auction for item]
Box 6 Folder 16 Parker, Theodore, autographed letter to Rev. Perkins, Boston, Massachusetts, 1854 March 24
Box 6 Folder 17 Parker, Theodore, letter to Hamilton Willis, Sudbury, Massachusetts, 1868 September 26; reverse is reply from Willis
Box 6 Folder 18 Phillips, Wendell, autographed quotation, 1858 March 4
Box 6 Folder 19 Phillips, Wendell, letter to Hon. George S. Boutwell, Secretary of the Treasury, [undated]
Box 6 Folder 20 Phillips, Wendell, autograph and Wlm. Lloyd Garrison 1831 quotation, Boston, Massachusetts, 1883 January 1
Box 6 Folder 21 Phillips, Wendell, autographed quotation, 1877; mounted on typed card with biographical information re Phillips
Box 6 Folder 22 Phillips, Wendell, autographed letter to “Dear Frank,” November 18 [No year given]
Box 6 Folder 23 Pillsbury, Parker letter to Mr. [illegible], Cincinnati, Ohio, 1889 September 25
Box 6 Folder 24 Court notebook recording decision of Sir John Powell “in the case of claim for a Negro slave in England,” 1708. Powell’s decision states that “The Law of England will admit of no such property in men as in goods.”
Box 6 Folder 25 Shaw, Robert G. Colonel letter to his father, Francis G. Shaw, sent from Army camp in Readville, Massachusetts, 1863 March. Included with the letter is photo engraving of Shaw.
Box 6 Folder 26 Smith, Gerrit autographed quotation, Peterboro [Peterbourough, New Hampshire], 1874 January 27
Box 6 Folder 27 Sumner, Charles [Senator], souvenir photograph, autograph and annotation, Boston, 1857 January 15
Box 6 Folder 28 Tappan, Lewis, letter to Rev. W. W. Patton, [possibly regarding annual American Missionary Association meeting held in Chicago], New York City, 1859 November 1
Box 6 Folder 29 Signature book, “Reunion of Old Abolitionists,” at Rockledge, the home of William Lloyd Garrison in Boston, Massachusetts, 1886 September 13
Box 6 Folder 30 Advertisement listing “Popular Antislavery Books,” from Miller, Orton & Mulligan, Auburn, New York, 1856 June 1
Box 6 Folder 31 Letter certifying agreement to allow Jabez Huntington to set at liberty “a Negro man named Guy,” Norwich, Connecticut, 1780 October 2
Box 6 Folder 32 Manumission document, signed by Robert Carter emancipating enslaved man named Joe from Prince William County, Virginia, Westmoreland County, Virginia, 1792 January 2
Box 6 Folder 33 Alberti, George F., deposition provided regarding a "conspiracy to cheat" in which a free Black man named Nellows conspired with two others to have himself sold into slavery in Baltimore, and would then escape and return to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1843 December 5
Box 6 Folder 34 Blank form for recommending applicants for “a position in the Colored Regiments now being formed here.” Form to be filled out by the Supervisory Committee and sent to “Hon. E.M. Stanton, Secretary of War,” 1863

Series 3: Post-Civil War Documents in African American History

Box 7 Folder 1 Abbott, Lyman, letter of recommendation of Booker T. Washington and the Tuskegee Institute to the Trustees of Plymouth Church. Brooklyn, New York, 1890 March 9
Box 7 Folder 2

Armstrong, S.C. (Hampton Normal Institute Principal), congratulatory letter to Booker T. Washington on his “coming marriage” to Margaret Murray, Dorchester, Massachusetts,

1882 June 1

Box 7 Folder 3 Brooks, Gwendolyn, “For Illinois, 1968,” [autographed, typed manuscript; “For Illinois: A Sesquicentennial Poem…” [autographed, official booklet] Chicago, Illinois, 1968 August
Box 7 Folder 4 Brown, Jason, “Old John Brown’s Son: Replying to a Chicago Preacher,” Chicago Herald, 1884 January 14 [photocopy]
Box 7 Folder 5 Bunche, Ralph J. to Rev. George L. Paine of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1968 March 18; copy of “Saint Francis’ Prayer” signed by Bunche
Box 7 Folder 6 Carver, George Washington, annotated entry form for “Who’s Who in America” (vol. 13. 1924-25) 1924 February 27, 29 and March 3; mailing receipts
Box 7 Folder 7 Frederick Douglass, written note questioning persecution of “The mongolian, the hebrew, the African…” by Christian nations, Washington, D.C., 1883 April 19
Box 7 Folder 8 Du Bois, W.E.B., edited entry form for “Who’s Who in America,” New York, 1958 September 12
Box 7 Folder 9 Howard, O.O., typeset “Letter of Advice to Assistant Commissioners” of the War Department, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, Washington, 1865 June [reprint]; glued on reverse is newspaper clipping regarding the letter, [undated]
Box 7 Folder 10 King, Martin L. Jr., autographed cover of Time magazine’s “Man of the Year,” 1964 January 3
Box 7 Folder 11 King, Martin Luther, Jr. to John Haluarm, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, regarding Time magazine cover, 1964 January 24
Box 7 Folder 12 Lynch, John Roy to Ben W. Austin, Dallas, Texas, letter of thanks for being elected as an honorary member of the “Trinity Historical Society,” 1891 April 30
Box 7 Folder 13 Peary, Robert to Matthew Henson, sent while Henson was crossing the sea ice on his way to the North Pole. Letters sent from Peary’s cabin on U.S.S. Roosevelt, 1906 April 2 and June 2
Box 7 Folder 14 Reid, William M., promissory note to Booker T. Washington for fifteen dollars, Portsmouth, Virginia, 1890 December 12
Box 7 Folder 15 Washington, Booker T. to Park Godwin, seeking donation,
Tuskegee, Alabama, 1892 February 15
Box 7 Folder 16 Washington, Booker T., notes for a speech entitled “Mind and Matter” at New Albany High School, New Albany, Indiana, 1895 June 3
Box 7 Folder 17 Washington, [Margaret Murray] to Mrs. St. John and the Women’s Alliance, regarding clothing donation, Tuskegee, Alabama, 1898 June 10
Box 7 Folder 18 Washington, Booker T. to G.L. Chaney, trustee meeting invitation, Crawford House, Boston, Massachusetts, 1899 January 10
Box 7 Folder 19 Washington, Booker T. to Othon Guerlac regarding [French] translation of Up From Slavery. Tuskegee, Alabama, 1903 July 10
Box 7 Folder 20 Washington, Booker T. to James W. Goldthwait, donation appeal, Tuskegee, Alabama, 1912 April 6
Box 7 Folder 21 Washington, Booker T. to Elihu Goodman Loomis requesting funds to help students’ tuition, Tuskegee, Alabama, 1912 June 6
Box 7 Folder 22 [Unknown correspondent] to James F. Peety, High Point, North Carolina, envelope and draft page 155 from Up From Slavery manuscript, typed transcription, 1934.
Box 7 Folder 23 Wesley, Charles H., Department of History, Howard University, to Mr. Frederick W. Frear of Yale University, on Black education at white institutions, New Haven, Connecticut, 1932 December 23
Box 7 Folder 24 White, Walter, to Mr. Frederick Frear of Yale University discussing desegregation in schools, New York, 1932 December 8
Box 7 Folder 25 Williams, George Washington, letter to editors of “A Library of American Literature,” granting permission to reprint portions of Williams’ work, Washington, D.C., 1888 April 21; includes line drawing of Williams affixed to cardboard
Box 7 Folder 26 The Salt River Gazette-Extra, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Reconstruction political cartoons, 1867 October 9
Box 7 Folder 27 “Burdens Unbound: a service of worship for use in the churches on Lincoln Day Sunday,” Epworth League, Methodist Episcopal Church, 1930 February
Box 7 Folder 28 Broadside affixed to cardboard, addressed to Adolphe Wakefield and others ordering them to leave [Iberia] Parish by January 27 after murder of James Trainor on January 25, 1889, [New Iberia, Louisiana], 1889 January [information taken from The Kingston Daily Freeman, page 2, May 6, 1889]

Series 4: Maps & Drawings of Africa

Box 8 Folder 1 Map of Western Africa and its coast, vertical tear, circa 1743; digital image consists of scanned top and bottom half
Box 8 Folder 2 Pages from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929; pages include sketches by C.L. (Cyrus LeRoy) Baldridge
Box 8 Folder 3 [Baldridge sketch 1] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 4 [Baldridge sketch 2] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 5 [Baldridge sketch 3] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 6 [Baldridge sketch 4] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 7 [Baldridge sketch 5] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 8 [Baldridge sketch 6] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 9 [Baldridge sketch 7] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 10 [Empty]
Box 8 Folder 11 [Baldridge sketch 9] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 12 [Baldridge sketch 10] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 13 [Baldridge sketch 11] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 14 [Baldridge sketch 12] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 15 [Baldridge sketch 13] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 16 [Baldridge sketch 14] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 17 [Baldridge sketch 15] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 18 [Baldridge sketch 16] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 19 [Baldridge sketch 17] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 20 [Baldridge sketch 18] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 21 [Baldridge sketch 19] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 22 [Baldridge sketch 20] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 23 [Baldridge sketch 21] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 24 [Baldridge sketch 22] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 25 [Baldridge sketch 23] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 26 [Baldridge sketch 24] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 27 [Baldridge sketch 25] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 28 [Baldridge sketch 26] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 29 [Baldridge sketch 27] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 30 [Baldridge sketch 28] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 31 [Baldridge sketch 29] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 32 [Baldridge sketch 30] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 33 [Baldridge sketch 31] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 34 [Baldridge sketch 32] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 35 [Baldridge sketch 33] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 36 [Baldridge sketch 34] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 37 [Baldridge sketch 35] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 38 [Baldridge sketch 36] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 39 [Baldridge sketch 37] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 40 [Baldridge sketch 38] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 41 [Baldridge sketch 39] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929
Box 8 Folder 42 [Baldridge sketch 40] from Singer, C. White Africans and Black, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 1929

Series 5: Oversize Materials

Box 9 01 Document issued by the [Mortgage Bureau] regarding the sale of an enslaved women, [Kitty], by Celia Dupuy, widow of John Pemberton, to Meloncy Soniat Dufossat, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1855 July 18; [in French]
Box 9 02 Broadside entitled “The Emancipation Proclamation of 1862 and 1863” with Rev. Peter W. Brister’s poem “The Nation’s Loss,” New Jersey, 1897
Box 9 03 Richard, DeForest, publisher, Proclamation of Freedom by the President of the United States, Worcester, Massachusetts: Edward R. Fiske, circa 1863
Box 9 04 “Human Rights. Our Object is Liberty for All…” Anti-Slavery newspaper, issue after the murder of Elijah Lovejoy, with Lovejoy’s principles. Issue is Vol. III, no. 30, New York, 1837 December
Box 9 05 “Freedom to the Slaves”. Colored print [with large tear]. New York: Currier & Ives, [1865]
Box 9 06 “New-York Caucasian,” [anti-Black newspaper]. Issue is Vol. II, no. 23, New York, 1863 March 7
Box 9 07 The Independent Gazetteer: or, The Chronicle of Freedom, Philadelphia: E. Oswald and D. Humphrey, 1784 June 5
Box 9 08 Certificate signed by C.W. Foster, Assistant Adjutant-General, Chief of the Colored Bureau, and C.A. Dana, Assistant Secretary of War, appointing Selden A. Goddard to First Lieutenant in the Fifth Regiment of Colored Troops, Washington, D.C., 1864 February 4
Box 9 09 Handwritten copies of four slave “returns,” [census]. Enslaved by John Vernon, Chiswick Estate, Parish of Saint Thomas, Jamaica, 1817 June 28; Thomas Burton, Parish of Saint Thomas, 1820 June 28 and 1823 June 28; Chiswick Estate proprietors, 1826 June 28
Box 9 10 Bill of Sale for twenty one enslaved persons seized from Francis M. Hareford and Harriett Fort [spouse] and sold to Nolan Stewart, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana 1840 September 5; registered 1849 January 6
Box 9 11 Bolling, Richard R., clerk of Boyle County Court, Certificate of Freedom for Harrison Wickliffe, Danville, Kentucky, 1856 September 26
Box 9 12 [Unknown author], enumeration of property and persons enslaved by Stewart & Richardson, owners of “[the Ropewalk],” 1768 December 31 and 1769 January
Box 9 13 “An Act for Paying a Duty on Negroes and Mulatto Slaves Imported into this Province,” signed by New Jersey governor, Josiah Hardy, 1762 September 24 [pages are horizontally split in two parts]

Series 6: Published Works on Slavery in the Western Hemisphere and the Resistance of Enslaved Africans; links to online versions provided

Box 10 Folder 1 A Thrilling Narrative from the Lips of the Sufferers of the Late Detroit Riot, March 6, 1863, With the Hair Breadth Escapes of Men, Women and Children, and Destruction of Colored Men's Property, Not Less Than $15,000. Hattiesburg, Miss: The Book Farm, 1945. Reprint of the original published in 1863
Box 10 Folder 2 Adams, John Q, and Cinque. Argument of John Quincy Adams, Before the Supreme Court of the United States: In the Case of the United States, Appellants, Vs. Cinque, and Others, Africans, Captured in the Schooner Amistad, by Lieut. Gedney, Delivered on the 24th of February and 1st of March, 1841: with a Review of the Case of the Antelope, Reported in the 10th, 11th, and 12th Volumes of Wheaton's Reports. New York: S.W. Benedict, 1841.
Box 10 Folder 3 Adams, John Q. “Mr. Adams on the Amistad Case…” Galley proof, 1847
Box 10 Folder 4 Bestor, Arthur Eugene. State Sovereignty and Slavery: A Reinterpretation of Proslavery Constitutional Doctrine, 1846-1860. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois State Historical Society, 1961
Box 10 Folder 5 Breckinridge, S. M. The Emancipation Ordinance: Speech of S.M. Breckinridge at the Ratification Meeting Held at the Rotunda in St. Louis, July the 22d, 1863. [Place of publication not identified]: [publisher not identified], 1863
Box 10 Folder 6 Broadside “Appeal by the National Association for the Relief of Colored Women and Children,” Gulielma Breed, Secretary, Washington, D.C., 1863 February 27
Box 10 Folder 7 Brief Definition of Negro Slavery. Leeds, England, 1853
Box 10 Folder 8 Brooke, J.T. Short Notes on the Dred Scott Case. Cincinnati: Moore Wilstach, Keys & Co., 1861
Box 10 Folder 9 Brookes, Iveson L. A Defence of Southern Slavery: against the attacks of Henry Clay and Alexander Campbell. Hamburg, South Carolina: Robinson and Carlisle, 1851
Box 10 Folder 10 Bross, William A.M. Illinois and the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States: A Paper Read before the Chicago Historical Society. Chicago: Jansen McClurg & Co., 1884
Box 10 Folder 11 Brown, John. “Words of John Brown” in Old South Leaflets No.84. Boston: Directors of the Old South Work, 1897
Box 10 Folder 12 Brown, William H., An Historical Sketch of the Early Movement in Illinois for the Legal[i]zation of Slavery: Read at the Annual Meeting of the Chicago Historical Society, Dec. 5th, 1864. Chicago: Fergus Print Co., 1876
Box 10 Folder 13 Child, Francis J. War-songs for Freemen: Dedicated to the Army of the United States. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1863, Musical score
Box 10 Folder 14 Clark, Daniel. Slavery Extension and Protection-Its Tendencies and Dangers: Speech of Hon. Daniel Clark, of New Hampshire. Delivered in the Senate of the United States, February 20, 1860. Washington, D.C: Buell & Blanchard, printers, 1860
Box 10 Folder 15 Congressional Republican Committee. The Barbarism of Slavery: Speech of Hon. Charles Sumner, on the Bill for the Admission of Kansas as a Free State-in the United States Senate. June 4. Washington, D.C.: Buell & Blanchard, 1860
Box 10 Folder 16 Cooper, Peter. Letter of Peter Cooper on Slave Emancipation. New York: W.C. Bryant & Co., printers, 1863
Box 10 Folder 17 Cooper, Peter. The Death of Slavery: Letter from Peter Cooper to Governor Seymour. New York, 1863
Box 10 Folder 18 Croly, David G. Miscegenation; The Theory of the Blending of the Races, Applied to the American White Man and Negro. New York: H. Dexter, Hamilton & Co., 1864
Box 10 Folder 19 Cutler, W.P. Slavery-A Public Enemy, and Ought Therefore to be Destroyed; A Nuisance that must be abated. Speech of Hon. W.P. Cutler, of Ohio, in the House of Representatives, April 23, 1862. Washington, D.C.: Scammell & Co., 1862
Box 10 Folder 20 Day, William Howard, Pierpont, John and Wilson, Henry. Celebration by the Colored People's Educational Monument Association in memory of Abraham Lincoln on the Fourth of July, 1865, in the presidential grounds, Washington, D. C. Washington, D.C.: McGill & Witherow, 1865
Box 10 Folder 21 De Fontaine, F. G. History of American Abolitionism: Its Four Great Epochs, Embracing Narratives of the Ordinance of 1787, Compromise of 1820, Annexation of Texas, Mexican War, Wilmot Proviso, Negro Insurrections, Abolition Riots, Slave Rescues, Compromise of 1850, Kansas Bill of 1854, John Brown Insurrection, L859, Valuable Statistics, &c., &c., &c. ; Together with a History of the Southern Confederacy. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1861
Box 10 Folder 22 Douglas, Stephen A. Remarks of the Hon. Stephen A. Douglas on Kansas, Utah and the Dred Scott decision: delivered at Springfield, Illinois, June 12th, 1857. Chicago: Daily Times Book and Job Office, 1857
Box 10 Folder 23 Fisher, Sidney G. The Laws of Race As Connected with Slavery. Philadelphia: W.P. Hazard, 1860
Box 10 Folder 24 Fleming, Walter L. Jefferson Davis, the Negroes and the Negro Problem. Baton Rouge: Dept. of History, Louisiana State University, 1908
Box 10 Folder 25 Fourteenth Annual Report, Prelented [sic] to the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, by Its Executive Committee, October 7, 1851: With the Proceedings of the Annual Meeting. Philadelphia: Anti-Slavery Office, 31 North Fifth Street, 1851
Box 10 Folder 26 Free Military School for Applicants for Command of Colored Troops, no. 1210 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia: established by the Supervisory Committee for Recruiting Colored Regiments, chief preceptor, John H. Taggart, late colonel 12th Regiment Pennsylvania Reserves. Philadelphia: King & Baird, 1864
Box 10 Folder 27 Gibbons, Abigail H. “Leaflets for Letters. No. 1 The Changed Cross (poem)” [no date, no place]
Box 10 Folder 28 Goodloe, Daniel R. The Southern Platform: or, Manual of Southern Sentiment on the Subject of Slavery. Boston: John P. Jewett & Co., 1858
Box 10 Folder 29 Circular addressed “To Capitalists,” from Benjamin F. Smith, New Orleans, Louisiana, seeking investments in sugar cane plantations and securing emancipated slaves for labor who are working under government supervision; response comes from George H. Hanks, General Superintendent of Negro Labor, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1863
Box 10 Folder 30 Harwell, Richard Barksdale. "The Touchstone"; William Lloyd Garrison and the Declaration of the Anti-Slavery Convention, Philadelphia, 1833. Northampton [Mass.]: Smith College, 1970
Box 10 Folder 31 Helper, Hinton Rowan. Compendium of the Impending Crisis of the South. New York: A.B. Burdick, 1860
Box 11 Folder 32 Kelley, William D. Remarks of Hon. William D. Kelley, of Pennsylvania, in Opposition to the Employment of Slaves in Navy-Yards, Arsenals, Dock-Yards, Etc., and in Favor of the Pacific Railroad. Washington, D.C.: Scammell, Printers, 1862
Box 11 Folder 33 Kelley, William D. Suffrage in the District of Columbia: Speech of Hon. William D. Kelley of Pennsylvania, Delivered in the House of Representatives January 10, 1866. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Globe Office, 1866
Box 11 Folder 34 Kelley, William D. The Practice of Justice Our Only Security for the Future Remarks of Hon. William D. Kelley, of Pennsylvania, in Support of His Proposed Amendment to the Bill "to Guaranty to Certain States Whose Governments Have Been Usurped or Overthrown a Republican Form of Government : Delivered in the House of Representatives, January 16, 1865. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1865
Box 11 Folder 35 Lincoln, Abraham, “The Demands of the Pro-Slavery Party” pamphlet excerpt from a speech by Mr. Lincoln at Cooper Institute (Cooper Union) 1860 February 27.
Box 11 Folder 36 Livermore, George. An Historical Research Respecting the Opinions of the Founders of the Republic on Negroes As Slaves, As Citizens, and As Soldiers Read Before the Massachusetts Historical Society, August 14, 1862. Boston: A. Williams, 1863
Box 11 Folder 37 Lovejoy, Owen. The Barbarism of Slavery: Speech of the Hon. Owen Lovejoy, of Illinois. Washington, D.C.: Buel & Blanchard, 1860
Box 11 Folder 38 May, Samuel. The Fugitive Slave Law and Its Victims. New York: American Anti-Slavery Society, 1861
Box 11 Folder 39 Miscegenation Indorsed by the Republican Party. New York: [publisher not given], 1864
Box 11 Folder 40 Morrill, L.M., “Speech of Hon. L.M. Morrill of Maine on the Confiscation of Property,” Pamphlets, March 5, 1862. 1862
Box 11 Folder 41 Motley, John Lothrop. The Causes of the American Civil War. A Letter to the London Times. New York: J.G. Gregory, 1861
Box 11 Folder 42 Mussey, R D.. Orders Relating to Colored Men and Colored Troops. Nashville, Tenn.: [publisher not identified], 1863
Box 11 Folder 43 Newman, Lewis C, and John H. Hopkins. The Bible View of Slavery Reconsidered: A Letter to the Right Rev. Bishop Hopkins. Philadelphia Pa.: H.B. Ashmead, 1863
Box 11 Folder 44 O’Connor, Charles. “Negro slavery not unjust”: Speech of Charles O’Connor, Esq., at the Union Meeting at the Academy of Music, New York City, December 19, 1859. New York: Van Evrie, Horton & Co., 1859
Box 11 Folder 45 Parker, Joel, and Roger Brooke Taney. Habeas Corpus and Martial Law A Review of the Opinion of Chief Justice Taney, in the Case of John Merryman. Philadelphia: J. Campbell, 1862
Box 11 Folder 46 Parker, Joel. Personal Liberty Laws: (statutes of Massachusetts) and Slavery in the Territories (case of Dred Scott). Boston: Wright & Potter, 1861
Box 11 Folder 47 Patton, William W. President Lincoln and the Chicago Memorial of Emancipation, A Paper Read Before the Maryland Historical Society December 12th, 1887. Baltimore: [Printed by John Murphy and Co.], 1888
Box 11 Folder 48 Book announcement for Pickard, Kate E.R. and Furness, William H. “The Kidnapped and the Ransomed: Being the Personal Recollection of Peter Still and his wife Vina…” Syracuse: W.T. Hamilton, 1856
Box 11 Folder 49 Reese, David M. A Brief Review of the "first Annual Report of the American Anti-Slavery Society: With the Speeches Delivered at the Anniversary Meeting, May 6th, 1834”: Addressed to the People of the United States. New York: Howe & Bates, 1834
Box 11 Folder 50 Roper, Moses. A Narrative of the Adventures and Escape of Moses Roper from African Slavery. Philadelphia: Merrihew & Gunn, 1838
Box 11 Folder 51 Schurz, Carl. The Great Issue of American Politics: Speech of. Washington: Republican Party, Congressional Committee, 1860
Box 11 Folder 52 Scofield, Glenni W., and James Brooks. Amendment of the Constitution to Prohibit Slavery: Speech of Hon. Glenni W. Scofield of Pennsylvania. Washington, D.C: Gibson Bros., printers, 1865
Box 11 Folder 53 Selections from the Speeches and Writings of Prominent Men in the United States, on the Subject of Abolition and Agitation, and in Favor of the Compromise Measures of the Last Session of Congress, Addressed to the People of the State of New-York. New-York: Printed by J.P. Wright, 1851
Box 11 Folder 54 Sherman, John. Slaves and Slavery, How Affected by the War. Washington, D.C.: Scammell & Co., 1862
Box 11 Folder 55 Smith, Robert. Speech of Hon. R. Smith, of Illinois, against the Admission of Kansas into the Union: Delivered in the House of Representatives, March 20, 1858. Washington: Printed by Lemuel Towers, 1858
Box 11 Folder 56 Smyth, Lindley. Is the South Ready for Restoration? Philadelphia: Union League of Philadelphia, 1866
Box 11 Folder 57 Starr, Frederick. What Shall Be Done with the People of Color in the United States?: A Discourse Delivered in the First Presbyterian Church of Penn Yan, New York, 1862 November 2. Albany: Weed, Parsons, Printers, 1862
Box 12 Folder 59 Stuart, C. E.. Kansas Affaris.Speech of Hon. C.E. Stuart of Michigan on Kansas Affairs. Washington, D.C.: L. Towers, 1857
Box 12 Folder 60 Stuart, C. E.. Speech of Hon. C.E. Stuart, of Michigan, on the Lecompton Constitution, and the Report of the Committee of Conference: Delivered in the Senate of the United States, April 28, 1858. Washington, D.C.: Printed by Lemuel Towers, 1858
Box 12 Folder 61 Sumner, Charles. Protection of Freedmen: Actual Condition of the Rebel States. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1865
Box 12 Folder 62 Sumner, Charles. The Equal Rights of all: The Great Guarantee and Present Necessity, for the Sake of Security, and to Maintain a Republican Government: Speech of Hon. Charles Sumner, of Massachusetts, in the United States Senate, February 6 and 7, 1866. Washington D.C.: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1866
Box 12 Folder 63 The Border Ruffian Code in Kansas. New York: Greely & McElrath, Tribune Office, 1856
Box 12 Folder 64 The Fearful Issue to Be Decided in November Next! Shall the Constitution and the Union Stand or Fall? Fremont, the Sectional Candidate of the Advocates of Dissolution! Buchanan the Candidate of Those Who Advocate One Country! One Union! One Constitution! and One Destiny! [s.l.]:[s.n.], 1856
Box 12 Folder 65 The Fifteenth Annual Report of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States: With an Appendix. Washington: Printed by James C. Dunn, Georgetown, D.C, 1832
Box 12 Folder 66 The First Annual Report of the New York Committee of Vigilance for the Year 1837: Together with Importance Facts Relative to Their Proceedings. New York: Piercy & Reed, 1837
Box 12 Folder 67 The New "democratic" Doctrine: Slavery Not to Be Confined to the Negro Race, but to Be Made the Universal Condition of the Laboring Classes of Society. Rhode Island: [s.n.], 1856
Box 12 Folder 68 Trumbull, Lyman. Kansas, the Lecompton Constitution: Speech of Hon. Lyman Trumbull, of Illinois, in the Senate of the United States, March 17, 1858. Washington, D.C: Buell & Blanchard, Printers, 1858
Box 12 Folder 69 Trumbull, Lyman. Speech of Hon. Lyman Trumbull, of Illinois, on the Freedmen's Bureau-Veto Message: Delivered in the Senate of the United States, February 20, 1866. Washington: Congressional Globe Office, 1866
Box 12 Folder 70 Trumbull, Lyman. The Constitutionality and Expediency of Confiscation Vindicated: Speech of Hon. Lyman Trumbull, of Illinois, on the Bill to Confiscate the Property and Free the Slaves of Rebels: Delivered in the Senate of the United States, April 7, 1862. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1862
Box 12 Folder 71 Turner, Justin G. The Thirteenth Amendment and the Emancipation Proclamation. Los Angeles: Plantin Press, 1971
Box 12 Folder 72 Twelve Witnesses against Slavery, circa 1858
Box 12 Folder 73 Twelve Witnesses against Slavery. No place: No publisher, photocopy, circa 1958
Box 12 Folder 74 United States, and Andrew Johnson. Message of the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress at the Commencement of the First Session of the Thirty-Ninth Congress. Washington, D.C.: Treasury Department, 1865
Box 12 Folder 75 Van Buren, T. B. Speech of Hon. T.B. Van Buren, on the Bill to Ratify the Amendment to the Constitution of the United States Prohibiting Slavery: In the New York House of Assembly, March 15, 1865. Albany: Weed, Parsons and Co., 1865
Box 12 Folder 76 Van Evrie J. H. Free Negroism, Or, Results of Emancipation in the North and the West India Islands: With Statistics of the Decay of Commerce, Idleness of the Negro, His Return to Savageism, and the Effect of Emancipation Upon the Farming, Mechanical and Laboring Classes. New York: Van Evrie, Horton & Co., 1862
Box 12 Folder 77 Wade, B F. Property in the Territories: Speech of Hon. Benjamin F. Wade of Ohio Delivered in the Senate of the United States, March 7, 1860. Washington, D.C: Buell & Blanchard, 1860
Box 12 Folder 78 Walker, Robert J. Jefferson Davis: Repudiation, Recognition and Slavery. Letter No 1 of Hon. Robert J. Walker. London: W. Ridgway, 1863
Box 12 Folder 79 Walker, Robert J. Jefferson Davis: Repudiation, Recognition and Slavery. Letter No 2 of Hon. Robert J. Walker. London: W. Ridgway, 1863
Box 12 Folder 80 Webster, Daniel, and Robert Y. Hayne. Webster and Hayne's Celebrated Speeches in the United States Senate: On Mr. Foot's Resolution of January, 1830: Also, Daniel Webster's Speech in the Senate of the United States, May 7, 1850, on the Slavery Compromise. Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson, 1850
Box 12 Folder 81 Excerpts from Miss Howard Weedon’s Bandanna Ballads, published in Ladies Home Journal, April 1900; undated biography of Weedon published in The Book Buyer, [undated]; two letters from Weedon to Mr. Bok at Ladies Home Journal, Huntsville, Alabama, 1900 May and November
Box 12 Folder 82 Weston, George M. The Poor Whites of the South: The Injury Done Them by Slavery. Washington, D.C.: Republican Executive Congressional Committee, 1860; [same item without post-colon]
Box 12 Folder 83 Wiley, Bell I. The Movement to Humanize the Institution of Slavery During the Confederacy. Atlanta, Ga.: Emory University, 1949
Box 12 Folder 84 Wright, John S, and John H. Agnew. Citizenship Sovereignty. Chicago: For American citizens, 1863; [full text]
Box 13 Folder 1 The Clarksville Bulletin, vol. 1, no. 13, July 18, 1863, Clarksville, Tennessee
Box 13 Folder 2 Thomas, Dr. J.W., “Ran Away” poster, “$100 reward for capture of Negro boy” Robert Porter, age 19, Pomunky P.O., Charles County, Maryland [undated], [most likely facsimile copy]
Box 13 Folder 3 Clarkson, Thomas. “An Essay on the Impolicy of the African Slave Trade,” London: J. Phillips, 1788
Box 13 Folder 4 Gunn, George W. “Adventures of Rufus Rastus Brown in Darktown,” Chicago: J.I. Austin Co., 1906
Box 13 Folder 5 Anno Tertio & Quarto Gulielmi IV. Regis: Great Cap. LXXIII, An act for the abolition of slavery throughout the British Colonies: for promoting the industry of the manumitted slaves: and for compensating the persons hitherto entitled to the services of such slaves. [Slavery Abolition Act], 1833
Box 13 Folder 6 American Anti-Slavery Society, and Ransom G. Williams. Emancipator--Extra: American Anti-Slavery Almanac for 1840. New-York: R.G. Williams, 1839 September 2
Box 13 Folder 7 Squier, E.G., ed., Frank Leslie’s Pictorial History of the War of 1861, No. 9, New York: Frank Leslie, 1861.

Series 7: Engravings and Photographs

Box 14 001 Engraving of Preston Brooks [no place or date]
Box 14 002 Engraving, by J.C. Buttre, New York, entitled “Eminent Opponents of the Slave of Power,” [John Quincy Adams, Henry Ward Beecher, William Lloyd Garrison, et. al.], printed by O.D. Case & Co., 1864
Box 14 003 Engraving of social theorist Harriet Martineau by [William] Finden from a miniature by Mils M. Gilles, 1833 August 15
Box 14 004 Engraving of Wendell Phillips by F.T. Stuart. Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1883
Box 14 005 Engraving of William Wilberforce by Giovanni Venramini from an original drawing by H. Edridge. London: T Gadell & W. Davies, 1809 October 27
Box 14 006 William Gannaway “Parson” Brownlow, [photograph reproduction printed on cardboard, [undated]
Box 14 007 Photograph of oil painting portrait of John Jones, [undated]. Stamp on reverse indicates original painting is at the Chicago Historical Society; inscription of reverse states: “According to Theodora L. Purnell [Jones’ granddaughter] the original oil portrait was painted by the noted woman artist, Mrs. Darling;” [painting is historically attributed to Aaron E. Darling]
Box 14 008 Reproduction of Frederick Douglass photograph #154, [undated]. Reverse side inscription includes “The Reserve Collection New York”
Box 14 009 Reproduction of Frederick Douglass photograph #183, [undated]. Reverse side inscription includes “The Reserve Collection New York”
Box 14 010 Photograph reprint of William Lloyd Garrison, [undated]. Printed by Williams and Meyer Co.
Box 14 011 Photograph reprint of Mary Jones, wife of John Jones, [undated]. Reverse is stamped “Photo by Dion A. Stams” and date stamped July 9, 1951
Box 14 012 Photograph of Thurgood Marshall and family along with Lyndon B. Johnson after Marshall’s swearing in as Solicitor General of U.S.; front is signed by Marshall and dated August 24, 1964, reverse is stamped by Wide World Photos
Box 14 013 Photograph of James Meredith receiving his Bachelor of Arts degree from Chancellor J.D. Williams of the University of Mississippi. Oxford, Miss., 1963 August 18; front is signed by Meredith, reverse is stamped by Wide World Photos
Box 14 014 Postcard mounted photo of Robert Smalls [U.S. House of Representatives, South Carolina, 1884-1887]; signed by Smalls, printed by C.M. Bell, Washington, D.C.; [undated]
Box 14 015 Photograph of young male child; reverse inscription reads [James]“Meredith’s son,” [undated]
Box 14 016 Cardboard framed photograph of Booker T. Washington, [undated], includes card signed by Washington and dated November 14, 1901; frame is stamped by Spofford Studio, Colorado Springs, Colorado

Series 8: Manuscripts: Framed and Oversize

Box 15 01 Harley, Jane. “Bill of sale of Negro Slaves”. Barnwell District, South Carolina, 1821 January 26
Box 15 02 Garrison, William Lloyd, letter [with typed transcript] to Mrs. H. Fifield, Corresponding Secretary of the Female Emancipation Society of Weymouth, Mass, about Garrison’s upcoming speaking engagement to her group and about the violent murder of Lovejoy. Includes engravings of Garrison and Elijah Lovejoy along with notes on back, 1837 November 21
Box 15 03 Clarkson, Thomas. Autograph letter to Lewis Tappan, signed with engraved portrait of Clarkson. Written at Playford Hall near Ipswich, England, 1844 May 1
Box 16 04 Whittier, John Greenleaf, poem of his “Brown of Osawatomie” on both sides of the paper. Includes engraved portraits of the author and John Brown to left and right of the front page and a print of the poem and notes, 1859 December
Box 16 05 Eminent Opponents of the Slave Power. Engraved by J.C. Buttre. Includes portraits of John Quincy Adams, William Lloyd Garrison, Benjamin Lundy and nine others. Connecticut: O.D. Case & Co., 1864
Box 16 06 Hovenden, Thomas, reproduction of “The Last Moments of John Brown,” Paris Exposition: Gebbie & Husson Co., 1889 [original]
Box 16 07 Walsh, R., “Section of a Slave Ship” sketch facing [the] title page from his Notices of Brazil in 1828 and 1829. London: F. Westley and A.H. Davis, 1830; below is photograph of Union army guard and other men in front of building designated as Price, Birch & Co. “Dealers in Slaves,” Alexandria, Virginia, circa 1860s
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