Democratic National Convention Records

Dates: 1965, 1968 (Bulk date, 1968)
Size: 1.5 linear feet, 1 oversize box
Repository: Chicago Public Library, Harold Washington Library Center, Special Collections, 400 S. State Street, Chicago, IL 60605
Collection Number: DNC
Provenance: Provenance unknown
Access: No restrictions
Citation: When quoting material from this collection the preferred citation is: Democratic National Convention Records, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections, Chicago Public Library
Processed by: Johanna Russ, November 2013

Historical Note

The Democratic National Convention was witness to controversy and suspense both within the convention hall and without. Held in Chicago’s International Amphitheatre August 26-29, 1968, the Convention determined who would be the Democratic candidate for president. In March of that year, amid criticism over his handling of the Vietnam War, President Lyndon B. Johnson announced he would not seek a second term in office, leaving a field of multiple candidates vying for the position.

Senator Robert F. Kennedy of New York was a strong candidate with a great deal of support. On June 5, 1968, however, shortly after winning the California Democratic primary, Kennedy was shot. He died on June 6. Entering the Democratic National Convention in August, it was still unclear which remaining candidates Kennedy’s supporters would endorse.

Vice President Hubert Humphrey, Minnesota Senator Eugene McCarthy and South Dakota Senator George McGovern were the leading candidates at the Convention in Chicago. McCarthy ran as the anti-war candidate. Ultimately, Hubert Humphrey was nominated, with Maine Senator Edmund Muskie as his running mate. Humphrey went on to lose the presidential election in November to Republican Richard Nixon.

While the race for the nomination played out inside the convention hall, another story was unfolding outside. As the war in Vietnam escalated, so did anti-war sentiment among American citizens. Additionally, the recent assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., on April 4, 1968, was freshly fueling the Civil Rights movement. Two main groups of Vietnam War protesters—the Youth International Party, or Yippies, and the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, or MOBE—planned a series of protests throughout Chicago to coincide with the Convention.

Chicago’s mayor, Richard J. Daley, was aware of the protest plans and conscious of the racial climate in America’s urban centers. Race riots had occurred in Los Angeles in 1965, in Detroit in 1967 and around the country after King’s death, including in Chicago. Daley boldly advertised that his host city would maintain “law and order.” Yippies and other anti-war groups were repeatedly denied permits to assemble and to march, especially in African American neighborhoods, for fear that their purportedly peaceful movement would lead to riots and violence. Though a few events were granted permits, late August approached with antagonism and tension already sewn between city officials and protesters.

In the days leading up to the Convention, police increased their presence and instituted a curfew. On August 23, planned protests began. Most of the protest activity took place in Lincoln Park or Grant Park, both several miles north of the Convention site. Throughout the week, various bouts of violence broke out between the police and the protesters. Hundreds of people on both sides were injured, and hundreds more protesters were arrested. Eight leaders of the protest groups went on to face a years-long trial and appeal process with charges of crossing state lines to incite a riot, among others. Ultimately, the Chicago Seven, as this group of leaders came to be called, were acquitted of most charges and served nominal sentences, if any, for their convictions.

Scope and Content

The majority of this collection details the events and messages of the Convention itself through the officially produced material that was distributed to delegates and press. Records include schedules, press releases, seating charts, committee information, speeches, statements, campaign literature, posters and reports. The protests surrounding the convention and the ensuing police crackdown are covered in Series 5: the Alternative Press Response, comprised of newspapers.

Arrangement/Series Description

The collection is arranged in 5 series. Folders within series are arranged alphabetically.

Series 1: Democratic National Convention Records, 1968

This series contains information distributed by the Democratic National Committee primarily in the form of press releases and schedules. Information about subcommittees also appears, especially information on the Rules Committee, the Platform Committee, the Credentials Committee and Mayor Daley’s Host Committee. Some information about a credential protest from Alabama is included, as well as information about resolutions and seating charts.

Series 2: Candidates, 1968

This series is comprised of press releases, newsletters, campaign literature, posters, buttons, bumper stickers, speeches, statements and interviews primarily related to the three main candidates: Hubert Humphrey, Eugene McCarthy and George McGovern. One folder on Ted Kennedy also exists, as some people wanted him to run.

Series 3: Speeches and Statements, 1968

This series is comprised of speech transcripts, printed statements and accompanying press releases for speeches given at the convention and statements made to various bodies at the convention, primarily the Platform Committee. Speakers and statement authors include politicians, leaders of interested and affiliated organizations and candidates.

Series 4: Related and Participating Organizations, 1965, 1968

This series is mainly comprised of press releases, reports and statements put out by organizations participating in the Convention or related to the candidates or the Democratic Party. One folder on the Yippie movement includes fliers for protest events scheduled during the Convention.

Series 5: Alternative Press Response, 1968

This series is comprised of alternative, left-leaning newspapers from around the country, with the exception of one publication from the mainstream ABC News. The papers’ main audience appears to be counter culture and left-leaning readers, and the editions in this series focus on the experiences of protesters at the Convention.

Related Materials

Republican National Convention Records, 1958-1960 (Bulk date, 1960)

Container List

Series 1: Democratic National Convention, 1968

Box 1 Folder 1 Biographies, 1968
Box 1 Folder 2 Committees, 1968
Box 1 Folder 3 Committee on Rules and Order of Business, 1968
Box 1 Folder 4 Credentials Committee, 1968
Box 1 Folder 5 Delegates, 1968
Box 1 Folder 6 Platform, 1968
Box 1 Folder 7 Press, 1968
Box 1 Folder 8 Press Releases, 1968 August 19-28
Box 1 Folder 9 Press Releases, [1968 August], undated
Box 1 Folder 10 Press Releases – schedules, 1968 August 20-29
Box 1 Folder 11 Press Releases – Mayor Daley’s Host Committee, 1968 August 22-29
Box 1 Folder 12 Resolutions, 1968
Box 1 Folder 13 Seating Charts, 1968

Series 2: Candidates, 1968

Box 4 Folder 1 8 Campaign buttons for various candidates, [1968]
Box 4 Folder 2 Candidate campaign posters, bumper stickers, and literature, [1968]
Box 1 Folder 14 Hubert Humphrey – campaign literature
Box 4 Folder 4 Hubert Humphrey – News from Citizens for Humphrey, 1968 July-August
Box 1 Folder 15 Hubert Humphrey – photographs (1 photograph of Humphrey’s wife, Muriel and 1 photograph of Humphrey’s daughter-in-law, Lee)
Box 1 Folder 16 Hubert Humphrey – press releases, 1968 August 5, 22-28, undated
Box 1 Folder 17 Hubert Humphrey – schedules, 1968 August 24-28
Box 1 Folder 18 Hubert Humphrey – Victory ’68 Newsletter, 1968 July-August, undated
Box 4 Folder 3 HH Victory ’68, 1968 August 26-29
Box 2 Folder 1 Ted Kennedy, 1968
Box 2 Folder 2 Eugene McCarthy – campaign literature and event fliers, 1968
Box 2 Folder 3 Eugene McCarthy – press releases, 1968 August 17-28, undated
Box 2 Folder 4 Eugene McCarthy – speeches, interviews, press conferences, 1968 August 25-29
Box 4 Folder 5 The McCarthy Advantage, 1968 August 1-27
Box 2 Folder 5 George McGovern – campaign literature, [1968]
Box 2 Folder 6 George McGovern – press releases, 1968 August 19-27, undated
Box 2 Folder 7 George McGovern – schedules, 1968
Box 2 Folder 8 George McGovern – speeches and statements, 1968 August 20-23
Box 2 Folder 9 Edmund Muskie, 1968

Series 3: Speeches and Statements, 1968

Box 2 Folder 10 Ansel Adams, photographer, writer and conservationist, 1968 August 24
Box 2 Folder 11 Hugh J. Addonizio, mayor of Newark, N.J., 1968 August 23
Box 2 Folder 12 AFL-CIO Maritime Committee, 1968 August 23
Box 2 Folder 13 Carl Albert, Oklahoma Congressman, 1968 August 27
Box 2 Folder 14 Jospeh Alioto, mayor of San Francisco, 1968 August 28
Box 2 Folder 15 Kay Allen, Former Speaker of Utah House of Representatives and Chairman, Utah Coordinating council, Health and Welfare, State of Utah, 1968 August 23
Box 2 Folder 16 American Energy Committee on the Panama Canal, 1968 August 23
Box 2 Folder 17 John M. Bailey, Democratic National Convention Chairman, 1968 August 24; [1968 August]
Box 2 Folder 18 Birch Bayh, Indiana Senator, 1968 August 23, [1968 August]
Box 2 Folder 19 Board of Christian Social Concerns, The United Methodist Church, 1968 August 21
Box 2 Folder 20 Julian Bond, Co-Chairman of Georgia Delegation, 1968 August 24
Box 2 Folder 21 Joseph F. Burke, Past National Commander of Disabled American Veterans, 1968 August 23
Box 2 Folder 22 William Clark, Senate candidate from Illinois, 1968 August 25
Box 2 Folder 23 John Connally, governor [of Texas], 1968 August 22
Box 2 Folder 24 Council for Christian Social Action – United Church of Christ, [1968]
Box 2 Folder 25 Richard J. Daley, mayor [of Chicago], 1968 August 26, 29
Box 2 Folder 26 Lar Daly [presidential candidate], 1968 August
Box 2 Folder 27 Delegates, Guests, Observers of the Democratic Convention who are Peacefully Assembling, 1968 August 29
Box 2 Folder 28 William H. Draper, Jr., Population Crisis Committee; Planned Parenthood, 1968 August 23
Box 2 Folder 29 Christopher Emmet, Executive Vice-President, American Council on Germany, 1968 August 23
Box 2 Folder 30 Betty Friedan, President, National Organization of Women, 1968 August 22
Box 2 Folder 31 John Kenneth Galbraith, the Foreign Affairs spokesman for Senator Eugene McCarthy on the Czech Crisis, 1968 August 21
Box 2 Folder 32 Houmouzis G. Georgiadis, Chairman, Greeks and Americans for Democratic Action in Greece, 1968 August 23
Box 2 Folder 33 Mitchell I. Ginsberg National Association of Social Workers, 1968 August 23
Box 2 Folder 34 J.O. Grantham, Vice-President, Northern Systems Company, 1968 August 23
Box 2 Folder 35 Michael Harrington [Socialist writer and activist], 1968 August 22
Box 2 Folder 36 Philip H. Hoff, governor of Vermont, 1968 August 22
Box 2 Folder 37 Charles Hollander, Director, Drug Studies, U.S. National Student Association; Member, Executive Committee, National Coordinating Council on Drug Abuse Education and Information, 1968 August
Box 3 Folder 1 Edwin M. Hood, President, Shipbuilders Council of America, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 2 Harold E. Hughes, governor of Iowa Governor, 1968 August 28
Box 3 Folder 3 Hubert H. Humphrey, nomination acceptance, 1968 August 29
Box 3 Folder 4 Daniel K. Inouye, Senator [from Hawaii], keynote, 1968 August 26
Box 3 Folder 5 Lyndon Johnson [President], 1968 August 19
Box 3 Folder 6 Mary Dublin Keyserling [Federal Women’s Bureau], 1968 August 29
Box 3 Folder 7 General Thomas A. Lane, President, Americans for Constitutional Action, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 8 Lithuanian American Council, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 9 Carl M. Loeb, Jr., President, National Council on Crime and Delinquency, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 10 George McGovern, South Dakota Senator; [presidential candidate], 1968 August 29
Box 3 Folder 11 Nicholas J. Melas, Trustee of Metropolitan Sanitary District of Greater Chicago, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 12 Stephen A. Mitchell, Chairman, McCarthy Campaign Committee, 1968 August 21
Box 3 Folder 13 Walter F. Mondale, Minnesota Senator, 1968 August 11
Box 3 Folder 14 Carlos Moore, Director, Department of Legislation and Political Education, International Brotherhood of Teamsters, 1968 August 22
Box 3 Folder 15 Francis D. Murnaghan, President, Baltimore City Board of School Commissioners and Aaron Brown, Member, New York City Board of Education, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 16 The National Council on Aging, 1968 [August]
Box 3 Folder 17 National Council of Women, 1968 Summer
Box 3 Folder 18 National Milk Producers Federation, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 19 National Society of Professional Engineers, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 20 J. Allen Overton, Jr., Executive Vice President, American Mining Congress, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 21 Robert D. Partridge, General Manager National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 22 Jennings Randolph, West Virginia Senator, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 23 Abraham Ribicoff, Connecticut Senator, 1968 August 19, 24
Box 3 Folder 24 Philip M. Stern, Delegate from District of Columbia, Placing in Nomination for the Presidency the Name of the Reverend Channing E. Phillips (The first Negro ever to be placed in nomination at any major Party convention), 1968 August 28
Box 3 Folder 25 O.R. Strackbein, Chairman, Nationwide Committee on Import-Export Policy, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 26 Edward A. Terres, Vice President, States Marine Lines, Inc., 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 27 Joseph Tydings, Senator [from Maryland], 1968 August 28
Box 3 Folder 28 C.H. Vescelius, Chairman of the Board, National Waterways Conference, Inc., 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 29 Robert C. Weaver, [Secretary of Department of Housing and Urban Development], 1968 August 26
Box 3 Folder 30 Roy Wilkins, Chairman, Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, 1968 August 22
Box 3 Folder 31 Harrison A. Williams, New Jersey Senator, 1968 August 29
Box 3 Folder 32 Women’s Coalition of Chicago, 1968 July
Box 3 Folder 33 Whitney M. Young, Jr., Executive Director, National Urban League, 1968 August 23
Box 3 Folder 34 Summary of testimony of multiple people before Platform Committee, 1968 August 19

Series 4: Related and Participating Organizations

Box 3 Folder 35 California Democratic Delegation – press releases, 1968 August 25
Box 3 Folder 36 Chicago: Convention City, [1968]
Box 3 Folder 37 Democratic Party, [1968]
Box 3 Folder 38 “Humphrey vs. Nixon: How You Are Affected if Senator McCarthy is not Nominated” by Anthony Scoville and John Fogarty, 1968 August 10
Box 3 Folder 39 Illinois Committee for McCarthy for President – platform forum, 1968 August 4-11
Box 3 Folder 40 Minority Report on How to End the War in Vietnam, [1968]
Box 3 Folder 41 Press releases, 1968 August 19-26
Box 3 Folder 42 Pennsylvania Committee of McCarthy for President – press releases, 1968 August 25-29
Box 3 Folder 43 The Report of Surveys in Ten States, 1968 August
Box 3 Folder 44 Republicans and Independents for McCarthy, [1968]
Box 3 Folder 45 “We the Nation of the Free” (sheet music dedicated to Lyndon Johnson), 1965 August 27
Box 3 Folder 46 Yippie Movement, [1968]
Box 3 Folder 47 Young Democrats of Harvard and Radcliffe: “The Time Has Come: A Democratic Alternative,” 1968

Series 5: Alternative Press Response [oversize]

Box 4 Folder 6 Berkeley Barb, [1968] August 16-22, [1968] September 13-19
Box 4 Folder 7 Chicago Seed, [1968 August]
Box 4 Folder 8 The East Village Other (New York, NY), 1968 September 6-13
Box 4 Folder 9 Kaleidoscope (Milwaukee, WI), 1968 September 13-26
Box 4 Folder 10 Los Angeles Free Press, 1968 September 13-19
Box 4 Folder 11 Manhattan Tribune: Covering the Convention, 1968 August 27-28
Box 4 Folder 12 Peace & Freedom National Organizer (Chicago, IL), 1968 August
Box 4 Folder 13 The Rampart Wall Poster (Ramparts Magazine), 1968 August 24-27
Box 4 Folder 14 Rat Subterranean News (New York, NY) Convention Special, [1968]
Box 4 Folder 15 The Southern Courier (Montgomery, AL), 1968 August 24-25
Box 4 Folder 16 What’s New at ABC News, 1968 August
Box 4 Folder 17 Young Politics: Official Publication of the Young Democratic Clubs of America Convention Issue, 1968 September

Series 2: Candidates [oversize]

Box 4 Folder 1 8 campaign buttons for various candidates, [1968]
Box 4 Folder 2 Candidate campaign posters, bumper stickers and literature, [1968]
Box 4 Folder 3 HH Victory ’68, 1968 August 26-29
Box 4 Folder 4 News from Citizens for Humphrey, 1968 July-August
Box 4 Folder 5 The McCarthy Advantage, 1968 August 1-27
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