|Size:||.75 linear feet in 2 boxes and 2 oversize folders|
|Repository:||Chicago Public Library, Harold Washington Library Center, Special Collections, 400 S. State St., Chicago, IL 60605|
|Provenance:||The original materials in this collection were gathered by the Chatham Branch Library at 822 E. 79th Street. They were transferred to the Special Collections and Preservation Division and processed in January of 1989.|
|Access:||Materials are open without restriction.|
|Use:||Please consult staff to determine ability to reuse materials from collection.|
|Citation:||When quoting material from this collection the preferred citation is: Chatham-Grand Crossing Community Collection [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections, Chicago Public Library.|
|Processed by:||Original author unknown. Updated and ingested into ArchivesSpace by Michelle McCoy, 2021|
The Chatham-Grand Crossing Community Collection contains a selection of items that fall into the following topical areas: biography, business, clubs and organizations, historical sketches, municipal agencies, religious institutions, schools, transportation and wartime activities. The materials include articles, correspondence, flyers, news clippings and reminisces. The bulk of the items are from the 1920s-1950s.
The Chatham neighborhood is 10 miles south of the Loop. The neighborhood extends from 79th Street south to 95th Street where its east and west borders intersect at Cottage Grove Avenue and 95th Street. The Greater Grand Crossing neighborhood is just north of Chatham. The boundaries of this community extend from 79th Street north to 63rd Street. As its name suggests, the area encompasses several smaller neighborhoods including Grand Crossing, Park Manor, Brookline, Brookdale, and Essex. Both community areas were annexed into Chicago as part of Hyde Park Township in 1889. Chatham is number 44 and Greater Grand Crossing is number 69 of the 77 official communities that make up Chicago.
Chatham was settled by European farmers and along the tracks for the Illinois Central Railroad in the 1860s. Nearby industrial development attracted subsequent waves of European immigrants. In the 1920s, the area’s population swelled with the construction of new bungalows and it evolved into a middle class neighborhood.
Settlement began in Grand Crossing in the 1850s. In 1893, the World’s Columbian Exposition stimulated the growth of single-family homes, two-flats, and apartments in Grand Crossing. In 1912, the Calumet electric street railway at 63rd and Grand Boulevard (now Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive) was extended to Cottage Grove and 93rd Street. In 1904, the White City amusement park opened in the northern section between Grand Boulevard, Calumet Avenue, 63rd Street and 67th Streets. It closed in 1933 and the structure was torn down in 1950 to make way for the Parkway Gardens, a public housing project.
Chatham and Grand Crossing were popular residential destinations for Black residents looking to expand out from the crowded Bronzeville (Douglas) neighborhood in the years after World War II when the waves of southerners relocated to Chicago in what is known as the Second Great Migration.
Scope and Contents
The Chatham-Grand Crossing Community Collection contains a selection of items that fall into the following topical areas: biography, business, clubs and organizations, historical sketches, municipal agencies, religious institutions, schools, transportation and wartime activities. The materials include articles, correspondence, flyers, news clippings and reminisces.
The collection is arranged into alphabetically by topic and then alphabetically within topic.
- Chicago Public Library. Chatham Branch
- Chatham (Chicago, Ill.) – History – Sources
- Greater Grand Crossing (Chicago, Ill.) – History – Sources
- Chicago Department of Urban Renewal Records
- Chicago Park District Records, Photographs
- Chicago Park District Records, Drawings
- David Gremp Photographs
- Hyde Park Community Collection
- Eugene Sawyer Records
- Harold Washington Archives & Collections. Mayoral Records. Press Office Photographs
- Harold Washington Archives & Collections. Mayoral Records. Finance and Administration Sub-Cabinet Records
|Box 1||Folder 1||Biography - Block, Eugene, reminiscences, undated|
|Box 1||Folder 2||Biography - Cole, David Harris, news clipping, 1957|
|Box 1||Folder 3||Biography - Dunn, Mrs. F., reminiscences, undated|
|Box 1||Folder 4||Biography - Fulford, Catherine, reminiscences, 1936|
|Box 1||Folder 4a||Business - Free-Man Stoker and Engineering Co. (home heating), flyer, circa 1930s|
|Box 1||Folder 4b||Business - Weber Wagon Company (76th Street and Lowe Avenue), advertising flyer, circa 1870s|
|Box 1||Folder 6||Clubs and organizations - Grand Crossing-Chatham Professional Leaders’ Council, news clippings, 1945|
|Box 1||Folder 7||Clubs and organizations - Y.M.C.A., correspondence, news clippings, 1941|
|Box 1||Folder 8||Historical sketches - Browning, Betty, “Grand Crossing Traces Name to Railway Wreck,” 1930|
|Box 1||Folder 9||Historical sketches - de Roulet, M.A., “History of Grand Crossing,” circa 1930s|
|Box 1||Folder 10||Historical sketches - Drury, John, “Old Chicago Neighborhoods-Grand Crossing,” circa 1947|
|Box 1||Folder 10a||Historical sketches - Gregory, Mae, “Chatham 1856-1987,” 1989|
|Box 1||Folder 11||Historical sketches - Hutchinson, O.N., “Grand Crossing,” 1938|
|Oversize Folder 1||Historical sketches - Chatham-Southeast Citizen, vol. 16, no. 23, 1980 October 24-26|
|Box 1||Folder 12||Municipal agencies - Chicago Public Library, Chatham Branch, correspondence and news clippings, 1932-1957|
|Box 1||Folder 13||Municipal agencies - Chicago Public Library, Chatham Branch, scrapbook, 1927-1928|
|Box 1||Folder 5||Religious institutions - Ingleside Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church, historical sketch, 1924|
|Box 2||Folder 1||Schools - Mercy High School, Mercurian, yearbook, 1941|
|Box 2||Folder 2||Schools - Mercy High School, Mercurian, yearbook, 1942|
|Box 2||Folder 3||Schools - Mercy High School, Mercurian, yearbook, 1943|
|Box 1||Folder 14||Schools - Park Manor Elementary School, newsletter, 1947|
|Box 1||Folder 15||Schools - Yale Elementary School, newsletter, 1940|
|Box 1||Folder 16||Transportation - Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), Jackson Park spur, news clipping, 1955|
|Box 1||Folder 17||Transportation - Illinois Central Railroad, routes, schedules, news clippings (photocopies), 1852-1888|
|Oversize Folder 2||Transportation - Illinois Central Railroad, timetable (photocopy), 1871|
|Box 1||Folder 18||Wartime activities - American Youth Reserves, correspondence and news clippings, 1941-1943|
|Box 1||Folder 19||Wartime activities - 7th War Loan campaign, news clippings, 1945|