Bethel New Life Records

Dates: 1870-1986
Size: 1 linear foot, 220 photographs, 27 audiotapes, 10 videotapes, 6 oversize folders
Repository: Chicago Public Library, Harold Washington Library Center, Special Collections, 400 S. State St., Chicago, IL 60605
Collection Number: Archives_BNL
Provenance: The materials in this collection were assembled by Bethel New Life, Inc. in 1984 and 1985 as part of an Illinois Humanities Council grant developed to "involve the Black community of Chicago’s West Side in recovering the recent history of the area." The grant proposal included the organization’s intent to "deposit artifacts in an appropriate archive where there is public access." In Spring 1984, a gift agreement was signed designating the Chicago Public Library’s Special Collections and Preservation Division as that archive. Materials were transferred to the library from 1984 to 1986.
Access: No restrictions
Citation: When quoting material from this collection the preferred citation is: Bethel New Life Records [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections, Chicago Public Library.
Processed by: The collection was processed by archivist Galen R. Wilson in October, 1988, and in early 1989. Throughout the years of the project additional materials have been donated to the archive. In fall, 2002 and throughout 2003, additional materials were added to the processed collection, (Box 3) by Morag Walsh, and transcriptions of the videoed oral history interviews were completed. In fall, 2002, Linda Von Dreele, coordinator of Looking Backward to Move Forward approached Special Collections with a proposal to transcribe the video interviews with funding from Loyola University’s Center for Urban Research and Learning; from Bethel New Life, Inc.; and from Columbia College. The funding supported an intern to systematically transcribe the interviews and create full scope notes and indexes for each interview. These transcriptions are in Box 4.

Historical Note

Bethel New Life, Inc. is a non-profit community development corporation and social service organization founded in 1979 and serving Chicago’s West Side. Originally located in West Garfield Park (367 N. Karlov), the corporate offices of Bethel New Life relocated to the Austin community in 2001 (4950 W. Thomas). Through its holistic approach to community development, Bethel New Life provides a broad array of services and programs, including employment and training, child care, senior housing and services, education and health care.

Bethel New Life has its origins in Bethel Lutheran Church, which was founded in 1891 to serve the German/Scandinavian populations in the West Side neighborhood of West Garfield Park. The area had been incorporated into Chicago only two years earlier. The community’s focal point, Garfield Park, boasted a lagoon, bandstand, greenhouse, and golf course. A racetrack was built at the corner of Madison and Pulaski (then Crawford Street), and the completion of an elevated train link to the Loop in the 1890s spurred the community’s growth.

There was heavy construction of new homes and apartment buildings in the area in the 1920s, and by 1930 the community reached its population peak of over 50,000 -- principally Irish, but also Russian Jews, Italians who were moving in from neighborhoods to the east, and African Americans who lived along Lake Street, the oldest industrial section of the community.

New housing construction all but ceased after 1930, and additional housing units were acquired generally through the subdivision of larger, single-family homes. In the 1940s and 50s, additional housing conversions were necessitated for residents whose homes were demolished by the construction of the Eisenhower Expressway. By the 1950s, a third of the white population had left West Garfield Park and by the 1960s, more than 40,000 African Americans had moved into the neighborhood. Housing continued to be a problem, and between 1970 and 1980, West Garfield Park lost thousands of residents as housing units fell from 14,500 to 10,000. "Large empty lots, formerly occupied by small and medium-sized apartment buildings, [were] mute evidence of the loss of dwelling space caused by the withdrawal of investment, under-maintenance, and arson" (Local Community Fact Book, 1980).

In 1979, the median income of West Garfield Park residents was 2/3 the citywide median, and 40% of the population lived below the poverty level. "Several community groups have been formed to do something about deteriorating housing conditions and the erosion of the economic base of West Garfield Park. They faced an uphill struggle against the result of fifty years of neglect" (Local Community Fact Book, 1980). One of those community groups was Bethel Housing, Inc., formed by the Bethel Lutheran Church in 1979. In 1982, Bethel Housing changed its name to Bethel New Life, Inc., and under this name continued its work in offering housing opportunities--both rehab and new construction--to low and moderate-income community residents. Bethel New Life eventually managed over 100 rental units. In addition, Bethel operated food and sewing cooperatives, day-care and after-school programs for children, a holistic health center, and senior citizens programs.

In October 1983, Bethel New Life’s board appointed a historic preservation committee to work with graduate students from the University of Illinois to explore the possibilities for the preservation of West Garfield Park’s history--particularly architectural history. The committee recommended that the board not attempt historic district designation but encouraged grassroots preservation of local tradition and culture. The result was a project titled "Catch the West Garfield Spirit: Look Up, Look Around, and Be Proud." In 1983, Bethel successfully applied for an Illinois Humanities Council grant to "involve the Black community of Chicago’s West Side in recovering the recent history of the area." With grant monies supplied by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the project known as "Looking Backward to Move Forward" was funded.

"Looking Backward to Move Forward" focused on four themes--migration, ownership patterns, the church, and community leadership--which were seen as essential to West Side African American history. In 1984-1985 there were several programs developed to reclaim and uncover hidden sources of that rich history.

Under the direction of President Mary Nelson, Bethel New Life (http://www.bethelnewlife.org/) continues today to earn a national reputation for cutting edge initiatives and pioneering approaches that build on the people, physical assets, and faith base of Chicago’s West Side Community.

Scope and Content

The Records of Bethel New Life consist of more than 20 sets of original material and two supplements. The majority of the documents were donated or loaned to "Looking Backward to Move Forward" by Bethel New Life for archival acquisition or copying. Included among those materials were 221 photographs, 0.5 linear foot of manuscript material, nine oral histories on video tape, and 14 interviews on audio cassettes.

The photographs make up the core of the collection. These images cover a century of photography from tintypes to color snapshots. They record a wide range of African American history on the West Side of Chicago and include images of individuals, families, religious institutions, and businesses. Most of the photographs were taken in Chicago, but many illustrate Black families from the South who later relocated in Chicago. There are photos of former slaves (photo #5.11 and 15.12); an evangelist active in Underground Railroad work (#8.44); African American policemen, including those employed at the World’s Columbian Exposition (#5.9, 8.4, 8.6, 8.13, and 8.43); African American military units in the Spanish American War (#8.1, 8.17-8.18, 8.20-8.21, and 8.27); and famous people such as Martin Luther King Jr. (#4.3-4.4), Mahalia Jackson (#12.6-12.7, 12.13-12.14) and Langston Hughes (#15.2). See below for a listing of the photographs. A photograph index by subject also follows the Container List.

The photographs and manuscript material are arranged in accordance with the series divisions common to most of the Neighborhood History Research Collections, specifically: Biographical (Portraits/Family Photographs for photos), Business, Religious Institutions, Clubs and Organizations, Residences (photographs only), and Wartime Activities (photos only).

The accession numbers of the photographs do not follow consecutively. There will seem to be several numbers missing. Bethel assigned accession numbers to photos and manuscripts; these formats are now separated and the accession numbers for the manuscript material has been ignored in the current organizational scheme. The Bethel Accession Register (Oversize Folder 1) contains the complete and original listing of all material in this collection.

The Records of Bethel New Life also contain the administrative records of the "Looking Backward to Move Forward " project. These include donor files (Box 2:1-19), which are arranged alphabetically, and files concerning the Illinois Humanities Council grant (Box 2:20-2:22). Public programs conducted by Bethel are documented in audio cassettes #T15-T22 and video tape #V10.

Materials in Supplement 1 derive from several boxes of miscellany found in Special Collections storage. They were omitted from the original cataloging of the Bethel New Life collection although they probably arrived with the original accession. Included in this supplement are a file of administrative records and material concerning nine churches.

The audio cassettes that form Supplement 2 were received by Special Collections in March 1989. Included among them are four oral history interviews and the funeral service of one interviewee, "Blind" John Davis.

Related Materials

The O'Quinn Family Papers overlap Bethel New Life in provenance. Original contact between Special Collections and the O’Quinns was made through Bethel New Life, but the O’Quinn material was accessioned and cataloged independently of the Bethel collection.
East Garfield Park Community Collection

Container List

Series 1: Biographical

Box 1 Folder 1 Calhoun, Catherine Griffin (died 1948), 1948
Box 1 Folder 2 Cherry, Willie P. (died 1959), 1959
Box 1 Folder 3 Crosby, Joseph, 1952
Box 1 Folder 4 Dandridge, Coy, undated
Box 1 Folder 5 Henderson, Samuella (1885-1983), 1983
Box 1 Folder 6 Jackson family, 1894-1975
Box 1 Folder 6a Love, Marjorie, circa 1928-1994
Box 1 Folder 7 Mitchell, James M., 1943
Box 1 Folder 8 Ridley, Rachel Rebecca, undated
Box 1 Folder 9 South, Eddie (born 1904), undated
Box 1 Folder 10 Woodley, Robert G. and Fannie, 1944-1953 [See also: Oversize Folder 2: Jackson, H.D., appointment as corporal, 8th Illinois Infantry, August 5, 1898]

Series 2: Business Establishments

Box 1 Folder 11 Boulevard Hotel, undated

Series 3: Religious Institutions

Box 1 Folder 12 Central Memorial, 1984
Box 1 Folder 13 First Baptist Congregational, 1908, 1983
Box 1 Folder 14 Friendship Missionary Baptist, undated
Box 1 Folder 15 Lawndale Ministers’ Civic League, 1967-1977
Box 1 Folder 16 Lawndale Interracial Missionary Baptist, 1959-1967
Box 1 Folder 17 New Morning Star Baptist, 1984
Box 1 Folder 18 Original Providence Baptist, 1974-1984
Box 1 Folder 19 St. Stephen African Methodist Episcopal, 1972-1974, undated
Box 1 Folder 20 Stone Temple Baptist, 1984

Series 4: Clubs and Organizations

Box 1 Folder 21 Lawndale Civic and Educational Club, 1960
Box 1 Folder 22 The Lively Set, 1925
Box 1 Folder 23 Midwest Community Council, 1961
Box 1 Folder 24 West Side Women’s Civic and Charity Club, 1976
Box 1 Folder 25 Wolves’ Athletic Club, 1935

Series 5: Schools

Box 1 Folder 26 McKinley High School, 1985

Supplement 1

Series 3: Religious Institutions

Box 1 Folder 28 Emmanuel Temple A.M.E.
Box 1 Folder 29 First Immanuel Lutheran
Box 1 Folder 30 Friendship Missionary Baptist, 1972
Box 1 Folder 31 New Morning Star Missionary Baptist
Box 1 Folder 32 St. Agatha’s Roman Catholic
Box 1 Folder 33 St. Mary’s House of Prayer Spiritual

Series 6: Administrative Records (Donor Files)

Box 2 Folder 1 Brown, Archie (donation group 16)
Box 2 Folder 2 Chrismon, Mabel (donation group 6)
Box 2 Folder 3 Clark, Katherine (donation group 3)
Box 2 Folder 4 Connie, Wetzel (donation group 10)
Box 2 Folder 5 Cunning, Ora (donation group 7)
Box 2 Folder 6 Dandridge, Rosa (donation group 11)
Box 2 Folder 7 Fairfax, Julia (donation group 17)
Box 2 Folder 8 Fairmain, Vivian (donation group 13)
Box 2 Folder 9 Hampton, Curtis S. (donation group 12)
Box 2 Folder 10 Heflin, Lorraine and Cherry, Willie Mae (donation group 1)
Box 2 Folder 11 McGrath, Alice (donation group 9)
Box 2 Folder 12 Porter, Annis (donation group 18)
Box 2 Folder 13 Ridley, Rachel R. (donation group 19)
Box 2 Folder 14 Showers, Pearl Johnson (donation group 2)
Box 2 Folder 15 Simons, Obern (donation group 8)
Box 2 Folder 16 Smith, Clara Carlos (donation group 14)
Box 2 Folder 17 Stone, James M. (donation group 4)
Box 2 Folder 18 Tatum, Elizabeth (donation group 5)
Box 2 Folder 19 Woodley, Fannie (donation group 15)

Series 7: Administrative Records (Miscellaneous)

Box 1 Folder 27 Ownership Patterns Committee, questionnaire and final report
Box 2 Folder 20 Final Report to the Illinois Humanities Council, 1985
Box 2 Folder 21 Illinois Humanities Council grant proposal, 1983
Box 2 Folder 22 Publicity materials, forms, programs, 1984-1985 [See also: Oversize Folder 1: Bethel New Life Accession Register, 1984]

Supplement 3

Series 7: Administrative Records

Box 3 Folder 1 Introducing Bethel New Life, Inc., undated
Box 3 Folder 2 Draft Abstract Proposal of Bethel New Life, July 1983
Box 3 Folder 3 Looking Backward to Move Forward, sample forms and questionnaires, undated
Box 3 Folder 4 Looking Backward to Move Forward, meeting minutes, June 1985-October 16, 1987
Box 3 Folder 5 Looking Backward to Move Forward, announcements to community, 1987
Box 3 Folder 6 Looking Backward to Move Forward, Prospectus: A Plan to Continue, circa 1987
Box 3 Folder 7 Evaluation of Looking Backward to Move Forward by Dr. B.E. Powers, Jr., Northeastern University, undated
Box 3 Folder 8 Looking Backward to Move Forward, Proposal for Exemplary Award, 1989
Box 3 Folder 9 Looking Backward to Move Forward, recruitment plan, circa 1989
Box 3 Folder 10 From Survival Toward Promise, research planning Worksheet, undated
Box 3 Folder 11 West Side Pride, teachers’ guide, undated
Box 3 Folder 12 Map of Chicago showing Negro Residential Areas, circa 1937
Box 3 Folder 13 Every Man’s Daughter, Every Woman’s Son: An Oral History of Chicago’s Black West Side, undated
Box 3 Folder 14 My West Side Encounter by Odessa Barnes Norrington, 1985
Box 3 Folder 15 West Side Arts Council, planning phase, June 1989
Box 3 Folder 16 The Great West Side, Purpose, Organization and Boundaries of the Black Westside History Project, undated
Box 3 Folder 17 Exhibit, West Side Voices, label copy, undated
Box 3 Folder 18 Programs, flyers, press releases, circa 1984-1987
Box 3 Folder 19 Publicity clippings, 1984-1987

Oversize Folders

Oversize Folder 1 Accession Register, Bethel New Life, 1984-1985
Oversize Folder 2 Autographed document, signed: John R. Marshall to H. D. Jackson, appointment as corporal, Company D, 8th Illinois Infantry, August 5, 1898
Oversize Folder 3 Newspaper: Chicago Inter-Community News, vol. III, no. 3, August 1944
Oversize Folder 4 Newspaper: Chicago Inter-Community News, vol. III, no. 10, March 1945
Oversize Folder 5 Newspaper: Chicago Inter-Community News, vol. III, no. 12, May 1945
Oversize Folder 6 Poster: “Looking Backward to Move Forward” (to advertise exhibit at the Midwest Complex Ballroom, February 9, 1985 (2 copies)

Video Tapes ‒ Oral History Interviews (available to researchers)

Video 1 John Houston
Video 5 Dora Glasco
Video 9 Barbara Griffin, Katherine Clark
Video 10 Every Man’s Daughter, Every Woman’s Son
Video 17 “Looking Backward to Move Forward,” dub of master, September 29, 1988 (this tape has not been transcribed).
Video 18 William J. Hudson
Video 19 William J. Hudson, Elizabeth Hudson Tatum
Video 20 Elizabeth Hudson Tatum

Video Tapes ‒ Oral History Interviews (closed to researchers)

Video 2 Rosa Dandridge, Wetzel Connie, Curtis Stevens
Video 3 Lorraine Heflin, Julia Fairfax
Video 4 Alice McGrath, Mabel Chrismon, Mary Legree
Video 6 Group interview with Dexter Watson, Elizabeth Glasco, Willie Box, Camille Lilly and Melvin Warfield
Video 7 Margery Jones
Video 8 Hattie Braxton, Margaret Sterling Wheeler, Julia Fairfax
Video 11 Mary Alice Henry, Vivian Hicks, Deborah Fletcher Beverly
Video 12 John William O’Quinn, Cleodia Dawkins O’Quinn
Video 13 Delores Nance, Art Brown
Video 14 Fannie Woodley, Lorraine Steele, Lin Von Dreele, Muriel Wilson, Pearl Showers
Video 15 Lela Lewis Hayes, Anthony Burroughs
Video 16 Elizabeth Hudson Tatum, John Wesley Hudson, Lela Lewis Hayes

Video Tapes, Oral History Interview Transcriptions (available to researchers)

Box 4 Folder 1 John Houston (Video 1)
Box 4 Folder 2 Rosa Dandridge (Video 2)
Box 4 Folder 7 Mabel Chrismon (Video 4)
Box 4 Folder 8 Mary Legree (Video 4)
Box 4 Folder 9 Dora Glasco (Video 5)
Box 4 Folder 12 Hattie Braxton (Video 8)
Box 4 Folder 15 Barbara Griffin (Video 9)
Box 4 Folder 16 Katherine Clark (Video 9)
Box 4 Folder 17 Every Man’s Daughter, Every Woman’s Son, narrated by Patrick Keen (Video 10)
Box 4 Folder 18 Barbara Griffin (Video 10)
Box 4 Folder 19 Mary Legree (Video 10)
Box 4 Folder 28 Fannie Woodley (Video 14)
Box 4 Folder 33 Elizabeth Hudson Tatum (Video 16, 19, 20)
Box 4 Folder 34 John Wesley Husdon (Video 16)
Box 4 Folder 36 William J. Hudson (Video 18, 19)

Video Tapes, Oral History Interview Transcriptions (closed to researchers)

Box 4 Folder 3 Wetzel Connie Sr., and Curtis Stevens (Video 2)
Box 4 Folder 4 Lorraine Heflin (Video 3)
Box 4 Folder 5 Julia Fairfax (Video 3)
Box 4 Folder 6 Alice McGrath (Video 4)
Box 4 Folder 10 Group interview with Willie Box, Camille Lilly, Elizabeth Glasco, Melvin Warfield, Dexter Watson (Video 6)
Box 4 Folder 11 Margery Jones (Video 7)
Box 4 Folder 13 Margaret Wheeler (Video 8)
Box 4 Folder 14 Julia Fairfax (Video 8)
Box 4 Folder 20 Mary Alice Henry (Video 11)
Box 4 Folder 21 Vivian Hicks (Video # 11)
Box 4 Folder 22 Deborah Lynette Fletcher Beverly (Video 11)
Box 4 Folder 23 John William O’Quinn (Video 12)
Box 4 Folder 24 Cleodia Dawkins O’Quinn (Video 12)
Box 4 Folder 25 Pearl Showers (Video 13)
Box 4 Folder 26 Delores Nance (Video 13)
Box 4 Folder 27 Art Brown (Video 13)
Box 4 Folder 29 Lorraine Steele, Lin Von Dreele, and Muriel Wilson (Video 14)
Box 4 Folder 30 Pearl Showers (Video 14)
Box 4 Folder 31 Lela Lewis Hayes (Video 15)
Box 4 Folder 32 Anthony Burroughs (Video 15)
Box 4 Folder 35 Lela Lewis Hayes (Video 16)

Audio Cassettes ‒ Oral History Interviews (closed to researchers)

Tape 1 Banks, Leonard (age 87), October 19, 1984
Tape 2 Caldwell, Rosetta Taylor (age 73), January 29, 1985
Tape 3 Campbell, Rev. Frank (age 62), January 24, 1985
Tape 4 Cunning, Ora (age 75), November 7, 1984
Tape 5 Easton, Pearl, February 1, 1985
Tape 6 Flint, Troy
Tape 7 Jordan, Mildred
Tape 8 Ridley, Rachel
Tape 9 Scott, Mary (age 76), October 31, 1984
Tape 10 Stephens, Curtis, August 26, 1984
Tape 11 Tatum, Elizabeth 1984 Nov 21
Tape 12 Woodley, Fannie
Tape 13 Whaley, Belle
Tape 14 (unidentified)
Tape 15 November 10, 1984 Program: Part 1
Tape 16 November 10, 1984 Program: Part 2
Tape 17 November 10, 1984 Program: Part 3
Tape 18 November 10, 1984 Program: Part 4
Tape 19 February 9, 1985 Program: Part 1
Tape 20 February 9, 1985 Program: Part 2
Tape 21 February 9, 1985 Program: Part 3
Tape 22 February 9, 1985 Program: Part 4

Supplement 2

Audio Cassettes ‒ Oral History Interviews (closed to researchers)

Tape 23 Interview: La Julia Rhea, July 29, 1986
Tape 24 Interview: Arthur D. Griffin
Tape 25 Interview: Mrs. H.A. Sanders, 1986
Tape 26 Interview: “Blind” John Davis, circa 1980
Tape 27 Funeral Service: “Blind” John Davis, undated

Photographs (Index by series follows this listing)

*Accession number assigned by Bethel New Life that was not a photographic item.

Photograph 1.1 Willie P. and Harold Cherry (mother and son), circa 1907
Photograph 1.2 *
Photograph 1.3 James Cherry (painter/plasterer), circa 1930s
Photograph 1.4 Willie P. Cherry and friend, circa 1915
Photograph 1.5 Fannie S. and Ernest J. Cherry, circa 1900
Photograph 1.6 James Cherry and friend, circa 1915
Photograph 1.7 Unidentified Cherry family member, undated (tintype)
Photograph 1.8 [Brother of Wiley Cherry], undated (carte d’visite)
Photograph 1.9 Wiley Cherry family, undated (missing)
Photograph 1.10 Hattie Curry Bennett, undated
Photograph 1.11 Wiley Cherry family, circa 1903
Photograph 1.12 [Cherry family], undated (tintype)
Photograph 1.13 *
Photograph 1.14 Wiley and Willie Cherry and friends, Riverview Amusement Park, 1914
Photograph 1.15 *
Photograph 1.16 *
Photograph 1.17 Ernest D. Cherry, 1923
Photograph 1.18 Ernest D. Cherry (in army uniform), 1944
Photograph 1.19 Lorraine Cherry (Heflin), 1924
Photograph 1.20 Carl Cherry, 1925
Photograph 1.21 George Burleson II
Photograph 1.22 George Burleson II and friends (in army uniforms), 1950s
Photograph 1.23 Cherry family, 1915
Photograph 1.24 Nellie Queen Marsh (engagement photo), 1925
Photograph 1.25 Mattie and Aletha Marsh Cherry, 1920
Photograph 1.26 Wiley, Willie P. and Harold Cherry, 1920
Photograph 1.27 Marjorie Garner Love, 1955
Photograph 1.28 Marjorie Garner Love, 1990
Photograph 2.1 Aubrey and Phamie Russell, circa 1910 (negative only)
Photograph 2.2 Eddie Johnson, circa 1918 (negative only)
Photograph 2.3 Kenneth and Rudolph Johnson, circa 1933 (negative only)
Photograph 2.4 John Slaughter’s Barbershop/Peter Showers’ Poolroom, circa 1933
Photograph 2.5 Johnson’s Hat Shop, ca. 1939
Photograph 2.6 Ticket to Third Annual Breakfast Dance, 1936
Photograph 2.7 Advertisement for Pre-Thanksgiving Dance, 1950 (negative only)
Photograph 2.8 Ticket for Pre-Thanksgiving Dance, 1950 (negative only)
Photograph 2.9 First Grade, Brown School (1800 W. Warren), 1937
Photograph 2.10 Charlene Guy, birthday party (2001 W. Lake Street), circa 1946
Photograph 2.11 Gertrude Russell and Mark Upchurch (wedding photo), 1933
Photograph 2.12 Johnson’s Hat Shop (interior), undated
Photograph 2.13 Eddie Johnson and John Palmer, undated (negative only)
Photograph 2.14 Eddie Johnson, circa 1917 (negative only)
Photograph 2.15 Johnson’s Hat Cleaners (2007 W. Lake Street), circa 1938
Photograph 2.16 Johnson’s Hat Cleaners (2007 W. Lake Street), circa 1938
Photograph 2.17 Eddie Johnson working on railroad, Memphis, TN, circa 1910s (negative only)
Photograph 2.18 Urban League (or NAACP) picnic, 1930s (negative only)
Photograph 2.19 Mr. Showers (father-in-law of Pearl Johnson Showers), circa 1930s (negative only)
Photograph 2.20 Advertisement for Martins Corner (1900 W. Lake Street), 1930s
Photograph 2.21 Pearl Johnson Showers (r), Vivian Fairman (l) and Bo Mitchell, undated (negative only)
Photograph 3.1 *
Photograph 3.2 *
Photograph 3.3 Club Nostros Nos, 1935
Photograph 3.4 *
Photograph 3.5 Katherine Jones Clark (Flower High School graduation), 1935
Photograph 3.6 Crane High School senior prom, 1935
Photograph 3.7 Katherine Jones Clark (wedding photo), 1938
Photograph 3.8 Mary Alice Golden and Katherine Jones Clark at the Ritz Lounge (43rd Street near South Parkway), 1943
Photograph 3.9 Ray Clark at the Goodyear Store (East Avenue and Madison, Oak Park, IL), circa 1936
Photograph 3.10 Birthday party of Katherine Clark’s daughter
Photograph 4.1 *
Photograph 4.2 Stone Temple Baptist Church (2nd Timothy Baptist Church), circa 1936
Photograph 4.3 Stone Temple Baptist Church office, with Martin Luther King, Jr., 1960s
Photograph 4.4 Stone Temple Baptist Church sanctuary, with Martin Luther King, Jr. 1960s
Photograph 5.1 Lizzie and Jesse Johnson II, circa 1919
Photograph 5.2 Jesse Johnson home (118 S. Irving), undated
Photograph 5.3 Jesse Johnson home (118 S. Irving), undated
Photograph 5.4 Jesse and Shirley Johnson in Ford motor car, circa 1915
Photograph 5.5 Willie, Delia and Johnson Hudson (McKinley High School graduation), 1918
Photograph 5.6 Jesse Johnson and family in Idlewild, Michigan, circa 1916
Photograph 5.7 Providence Baptist Church ushers (missing)
Photograph 5.8 Providence Baptist Church board (missing)
Photograph 5.9 William Johnson (one of the first African American policeman in Chicago), 1903
Photograph 5.10 Mrs. Jesse Johnson and family, circa 1912
Photograph 5.11 Cecilia Johnson (married 1867) with daughter, granddaughter and great-granddaughter, circa 1910
Photograph 5.12 Jesse Johnson Sr., with grandchildren, 1923 (negative only)
Photograph 5.13 Jimmy Hudson, Hudson’s Quality Record Shop (147 N. Oakley), circa 1948 (negative only)
Photograph 5.14 Mr. And Raleigh Lambert (newspaper clipping regarding St. Stephen’s Church), 1938 (negative only)
Photograph 5.15 Johnson family, undated (negative only)
Photograph 5.16a 306 Leavitt (roof, corner of Fulton and Leavitt Streets), undated (negative only)
Photograph 5.16b Leavitt Street, looking toward Fulton Avenue, undated (negative only)
Photograph 5.16c Fulton Street (baseball lot), undated
Photograph 5.16d Hayes Grammar School, undated
Photograph 5.17 Neal Green, with saxophone, 1949 (negative only)
Photograph 5.18 Hudson Bicycle Station (Leavitt and Lake Streets), circa 1938
Photograph 5.19 Oscar Larkin, drummer, 1949
Photograph 5.20 William J. Hudson, 1930 (negative only)
Photograph 5.21 Original Providence Baptist Church, Junior and Senior Deacon Boards, circa 1940 (negative only)
Photograph 5.22 Johnson family member on bicycle, 1918
Photograph 5.23 Jesse Johnson, circa 1915
Photograph 6.1 Central Memorial Church: Rev. Richard H. Dixon, Sr., founder, undated
Photograph 6.2 Central Memorial Church: Rev. Arthur Hubbard, Jr., pastor, undated
Photograph 6.3 Central Memorial Church: Rosalee Wells, founding member, undated
Photograph 6.4 Central Memorial Church, Mr. Wells, founding member, undated
Photograph 7.xx No photos this number range
Photograph 8.1 8th Illinois Infantry, Black regiment in the Spanish American War, circa 1898 (fragile: issue copy print)
Photograph 8.2 Mr. Simon (Austin High School football player), 1941
Photograph 8.3 Business card for the Jackson Brothers General Teaming and Licensed Night Scavengers, circa 1920s
Photograph 8.4 John Shelton (Chicago policeman), circa 1895
Photograph 8.5 Ike Jackson [?], circa 1885
Photograph 8.6 Henry Jackson (Chicago policeman), circa 1900
Photograph 8.7 Fred Simons and Arthur Jackson, with pony at Columbus Park (family business), 1920s
Photograph 8.8 Mrs. Meaux, undated
Photograph 8.9 Ginnie Epp Jackson (part Native American; married Andrew Jackson, former slave), undated
Photograph 8.10 Cora Jackson, circa 1890
Photograph 8.11 Miss Epp (sister of Ginnie Jackson), circa 1890
Photograph 8.12 Clara Shelton, undated
Photograph 8.13 Mr. Shelton (Columbian Guard, World’s Columbian Exposition), 1893
Photograph 8.14 Great-Aunt Shelton, circa 1885
Photograph 8.15 Jackson family at World’s Columbian Exposition, 1893
Photograph 8.16 Austin North Branch School (Key School, Waller and Race Streets), circa 1890
Photograph 8.17 Ade Jackson at Camp Lincoln, 1897
Photograph 8.18 Ade Jackson with African American military squad in Cuba, 1898
Photograph 8.19 Mr. Shelton (of St. Louis), undated
Photograph 8.20 Mr. Shelton (of St. Louis, Spanish-American War soldier), undated
Photograph 8.21 Another Mr. Shelton (of St. Louis, also a soldier), undated
Photograph 8.22 Zechial Jackson (in Masonic garb), undated
Photograph 8.23 Son of Frank Shelton, “the desperado” (from Oklahoma), undated
Photograph 8.24 Frank Shelton, “the desperado” (from Oklahoma), undated
Photograph 8.25 Bell Shelton (in cowgirl outfit), circa 1900
Photograph 8.26 Frank Shelton
Photograph 8.27 Mr. Shelton (of St. Louis, Spanish-American War soldier), 1898
Photograph 8.28 Son of Frank Shelton, undated
Photograph 8.29 Black military unit in camp, 1906
Photograph 8.30 Cora Jackson, circa 1910
Photograph 8.31 Austin High School graduating class, 1911
Photograph 8.32 Austin High School football team, Cook County Champs, 1898 (oversize)
Photograph 8.33 Austin High School football team, 1908
Photograph 8.34 Certificate promoting A.D. Jackson to Corporal, 1898 (negative only)
Photograph 8.35 Mr. Shelton (in Masonic garb), undated
Photograph 8.36 *
Photograph 8.37 Unidentified man, circa 1870 (tintype)
Photograph 8.38 *
Photograph 8.39 Austin First Methodist Church, circa 1912
Photograph 8.40 Simon Peter Jackson (aged 107 years), 1985
Photograph 8.41 *
Photograph 8.42 *
Photograph 8.43 Mr. Shelton (guard at World’s Columbian Exposition), 1893
Photograph 8.44 Unidentified evangelist, pastor of Black church, that brought Andrew Peter Jackson to Austin, circa 1870
Photograph 8.45 Unidentified woman, circa 1870 (tintype)
Photograph 9.1 Louis and Amanda Connie at home (2302 W. Fulton), circa 1940
Photograph 9.2 Alice McGrath, undated
Photograph 9.3 *
Photograph 9.4 Mrs. Lewis Connie and sisters, circa 1950
Photograph 9.5 John McGrath and Wetzel Connie, undated
Photograph 10.1 Lonnie Connie, at the family cabin in Paris, Tenn., 1935
Photograph 10.2 Wolves’ Athletic Club (later the Regulars Social Club), 1935
Photograph 10.3 Wetzel Connie and wife, circa 1945
Photograph 11.1 *
Photograph 11.2 *
Photograph 11.3 *
Photograph 11.4 *
Photograph 11.5 Slater School in Birmingham, Alabama, circa 1905
Photograph 11.6 Troy and Rosa Lee Mitchell Dandridge
Photograph 11.7 Rosa Lee Mitchell Dandridge, circa 1916
Photograph 11.8 Eastern Star chapter, 1965
Photograph 12.1 Lawndale Baptist Church (3721 W. Roosevelt), circa 1952-1954 (negative only)
Photograph 12.2 Lawndale Interracial Missionary Baptist Church (1253 S. Kedzie, first church in Lawndale/Garfield Park for African Americans), 1943
Photograph 12.3 *
Photograph 12.4 *
Photograph 12.5 *
Photograph 12.6 Lawndale Ministers’ Civic League testimonial dinner, with Mahalia Jackson (soloist), 1967
Photograph 12.7 Mahalia Jackson and others at the Lawndale Ministers’ Civic League testimonial dinner, 1967
Photograph 12.8 *
Photograph 12.9 Lawndale Interracial Missionary Baptist Church delegation at the Lawndale Ministers’ Civic League testimonial dinner, 1967
Photograph 12.10 Audience at the Lawndale Ministers’ Civic League testimonial dinner, 1967
Photograph 12.11 *
Photograph 12.12 *
Photograph 12.13 Mahalia Jackson singing at the Lawndale Ministers’ Civic League testimonial dinner, 1967
Photograph 12.14 Mahalia Jackson and others singing at the Lawndale Ministers’ Civic League testimonial dinner, 1967
Photograph 12.15 *
Photograph 12.16 *
Photograph 12.17 *
Photograph 12.18 *
Photograph 12.19 Lawndale Ministers’ Civic League ceremony honoring Percy Julian, undated
Photograph 12.20 Lawndale Ministers’ Civic League ceremony honoring Thomas P. Stafford, astronaut, undated
Photograph 12.21 Better Boys Foundation board meeting
Photograph 12.22 *
Photograph 12.23 *
Photograph 12.24 *
Photograph 12.25 Rev. Curtis S. Hampton, P.R. Cullerton, Mayor Richard J. Daley, undated
Photograph 12.26 John O’Quinn, Triple Q Barber Shop (1218 S. Central Park Avenue)
Photograph 12.27 [Unidentified]
Photograph 12.28 Rev. Curtis S. Hampton
Photograph 12.29 Michael J. Howlett and Curtis S. Hampton
Photograph 12.30 Richard J. Daley with group, including Rev. Hampton, in Mayor’s Office, undated
Photograph 13.1 Taylor Family, undated (negative only)
Photograph 13.2 Henrietta Taylor, undated (negative only)
Photograph 13.3 Good Friend Social Club (Walls Chapel Church, Francisco and Washington Streets), 1959 (negative only)
Photograph 13.4 1800 W. Maypole Street, undated (negative only)
Photograph 13.5 Vivian Taylor Fairman, with sister, 1954
Photograph 14.1 Old Friends Baptist Church senior choir, 1930s
Photograph 14.2 *
Photograph 14.3 Fannie Winstead (b. Tennessee, d. Chicago in 1922), undated
Photograph 14.4 Samuella Henderson (1885-1983), undated
Photograph 14.5 Williemay Smith Carlos, circa 1900
Photograph 14.6 Clara and Wilburn Carlos, circa 1924
Photograph 14.7 Williemay Smith Carlos, circa 1924
Photograph 14.8 Samuella Henderson and Williemay Smith Carlos, 1980
Photograph 14.9 William Henderson (in army uniform), undated
Photograph 14.10 *
Photograph 14.11 Samuella Henderson, 1930s
Photograph 15.1 George Harris, Dearborn Real Estate Board, 1950s
Photograph 15.2 Langston Hughes and Fannie Woodley, 1950s
Photograph 15.3 Golfing group at the Tam O. Shanter Country Club, circa 1951
Photograph 15.4 Victory Singers (missing)
Photograph 15.5 The Debutantes Social Club, circa 1950
Photograph 15.6 West Side Women’s Federated Club
Photograph 15.7 Saddle and Cycle Club, 1950s
Photograph 15.8 Robert George Woodley and Fannie Geralgean Butler wedding (St. Stephen’s Church, 2000 W. Washington Street), 1944
Photograph 15.9 *
Photograph 15.10 Veterans’ Administration War Bond Office, Christmas 1949
Photograph 15.11 *
Photograph 15.12 Arburnia Calhoun Butler and Catherine Calhoun, in Arkansas, 1940s
Photograph 15.13 Calhoun family in Dermott, Arkansas, 1948
Photograph 15.14 Calhoun family in Chicago, 1964
Photograph 15.15 Calhoun family in Dermott, Arkansas, 1948
Photograph 15.16 Criterion Club, St. Stephens Church, undated
Photograph 15.17 Woodley Realty Company (3026 W. Warren), undated
Photograph 15.18 Fannie Woodley with first car, 1949
Photograph 15.19 Fannie Woodley en route to the Graemere Hotel, 1962
Photograph 15.20 *
Photograph 15.21 Fannie Woodley and family, 1977
Photograph 15.22 *
Photograph 15.23 *
Photograph 15.24 Chicago Urban League, Women’s Division, 1978
Photograph 16.1 Boy Scout Troop #1361, Archie Brown, troop leader, 1972
Photograph 17.1 Christiana Avenue property (negative only)
Photograph 17.2 1652 W. Monroe Street (negative only)
Photograph 17.3 1813 W. Warren Boulevard (negative only)
Photograph 17.4 The Colonial Room, Boulevard Hotel (2801 W. Warren Boulevard), undated
Photograph 17.5 Bedroom, Boulevard Hotel, undated
Photograph 17.6 Exterior, Boulevard Hotel, circa 1948
Photograph 17.7 Walter (Chef), Boulevard Hotel, undated
Photograph 17.8 Vi Burnside and her All-Stars, Boulevard Hotel, 1940s (negative only)
Photograph 17.9 Birthday party of Julia Fairfax (owner), Boulevard Hotel, undated (negative only)
Photograph 17.10 Blind John Davis and Baron Lee in performance, Boulevard Hotel, 1940s
Photograph 18.1 Connie family, circa 1925
Photograph 18.2 Hurley Porter, undated (negative only)
Photograph 18.3 Anis Connie Porter, undated (negative only)
Photograph 18.4 Porter family, undated (negative only)
Photograph 19.1 Rachel Rebecca Ridley (b. 1911)
Photograph 20.xx No photos this number range

Photographs ‒ Project Celebration Display, February 9, 1985

Photograph 21.1 Business, 1930-1940
Photograph 21.2 O’Quinn family
Photograph 21.3 Housing
Photograph 21.4 West Side Churches
Photograph 21.5 Four Generations (Samuella Henderson and descendants)
Photograph 21.6 Connie family
Photograph 21.7 Education
Photograph 21.8 West Side Community leaders (see also 21.9, 21.10)
Photograph 21.9 *
Photograph 21.10 *
Photograph 21.11 Chicago Defender news clipping, 1913
Photograph 21.12 Stephens Sisters Quintet
Photograph 21.13 Bethel Lutheran Church
Photograph 21.14 Transitions: From the South to Chicago
Photograph 21.15 Arriving in Chicago
Photograph 21.16 Wiley Cherry family
Photograph 21.17 Tying the Knot
Photograph 21.18 Collecting the People’s History
Photograph 21.19 Businesses
Photograph 21.20 Churches
Photograph 21.21 Andrew Jackson family
Photograph 21.22 Steppin’ Out
Photograph 21.23 In Uniform
Photograph 21.24 Wiley Cherry family
Photograph 22.1 Eddie South (b. 1904)
Photograph 23.1 Original Providence Baptist Church (Jackson and Wolcott), 1968
Photograph 25.1 St. Agatha’s Church exterior, undated
Photograph 25.2 St. Agatha’s Church exterior, undated

Photographs: Series Index

Biographical (Portraits/Family Photos)

Biographical 1.1, 1.3-1.12, 1.14, 1.17-1.26
Biographical 2.1-2.3, 2.10-2.11, 2.13-2.14, 2.17, 2.19, 2.21
Biographical 3.5, 3.7, 3.10
Biographical 5.1-5.6, 5.9-5.12, 5.14-5.15, 5.17, 5.19-5.20, 5.22-5.23
Biographical 8.4-8.15, 8.19, 8.23-8.26, 8.28, 8.30, 8.37, 8.40, 8.43-8.45
Biographical 9.2, 9.4, 9.5
Biographical 10.1, 10.3
Biographical 11.6, 11.7
Biographical 12.25, 12.27, 12.28, 12.30
Biographical 13.1-13.2, 13.5
Biographical 14.3-14.9, 14.11
Biographical 15.2-15.3, 15.12-15.15, 15.18-15.19, 15.21
Biographical 18.1-18.4
Biographical 19.1
Biographical 22.1

Business Establishments

Business 2.4-2.5, 2.12, 2.15-2.16, 2.20
Business 3.8-3.9
Business 5.13, 5.18
Business 8.3
Business 12.26
Business 15.1, 15.10, 15.17
Business 17.4-17.10

Religious Institutions

Religious Institutions 4.2-4.4
Religious Institutions 5.7-5.8, 5.21
Religious Institutions 6.1-6.4
Religious Institutions 8.39
Religious Institutions 12.1-12.2, 12.6-12.20
Religious Institutions 14.1
Religious Institutions 15.6
Religious Institutions 23.1
Religious Institutions 25.1-25.2

Clubs and Organizations

Religious Institutions 2.6-2.8, 2.18
Religious Institutions 8.22, 8.35
Religious Institutions 10.2
Religious Institutions 11.8
Religious Institutions 12.1-12.2, 12.6-12.20
Religious Institutions 13.3
Religious Institutions 15.3, 15.5-15.7, 15.24
Religious Institutions 16.1

Residences

Residences 9.1
Residences 17.1-17.3

Schools

Schools 2.9
Schools 3.6
Schools 5.16d
Schools 8.2, 8.16, 8.31-8.33
Schools 11.5

Streets

Schools 5.16a-15.6c
Schools 13.4

Wartime

Schools 8.1, 8.17-8.18, 8.20-8.21, 8.27, 8.29, 8.34

Miscellaneous (Project Celebration Display)

Project Celebration 21.1-21.24
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