Ben Burns Papers

Ben Burns Papers, 1939-1999
Dates: 1939 - 1999
Size: 46 archival boxes
Repository: Chicago Public Library, Carter G. Woodson Regional Library, Vivian G. Harsh Research collection of Afro-American History and Literature, 9525 S. Halsted St., Chicago, IL 60628
Collection Number: 1981/01
Provenance: Donation of Ben Burns (1981, 1983, 1990s/1995) See “Note on the Provenance” below.
Access: No restrictions
Citation: When quoting material from this collection the preferred citation is: Ben Burns Papers [Box #, Folder #], Vivian G. Harsh Research Collection of Afro-American History and Literature, Chicago Public Library.
Processed by: Allyson Hobbs, September 2006

Note on the Provenance

The Ben Burns Papers consist of two parts. Part I was donated in 1981 and includes reference files and the personal library of Ben Burns. Part I was processed by Deborah Holton in 1988. Approximately 135 linear feet, Part I includes materials dating from 1950 to 1979.

This finding aid captures the materials in Part II of the collection. Burns donated these materials throughout the 1990s; most of the materials were donated in April and May of 1995. The materials in Part II of the collection date from 1939 to 1999.

Biographical Note

Ben Burns had a long and distinguished career as “a white editor in black journalism.” He helped found Ebony and a number of other black publications and he trained many black writers in all aspects of print journalism. After working for black publications for thirty-five years, Burns referred to himself as “a black newspaperman, black in my orientation and thinking, in my concerns and outlook, in my friends and associations, black in everything but my skin color.” Burns summarized the influence that his experiences at black publications had on him: “I am a white man who has been passing for Negro for thirty-five years.”

Born Benjamin Bernstein on August 25, 1913 to Alexander, a housepainter, and Frieda Burns, Burns grew up on New York’s West Side. Burns attended New York University and received a bachelor’s degree in journalism from Northwestern University in 1934. He married Esther Stern on November 28, 1937 and they had three children, Barbara, Richard and Stephen.

Burns was the national editor of the Chicago Defender from 1941 - 1945, the editor of Negro Digest from 1942 - 1954, and the executive editor of Ebony from 1945 - 1954, Jet from 1950 – 1954, Sepia from 1955 - 1958and Guns magazine from 1956 - 1958. He was later the vice president of a public relations firm, Cooper, Burns and Golin, from 1958 – 1966. He returned to journalism as the editor of the Chicago Daily Defender from 1966 - 1967 and the editor of Sepia from 1968 - 1977.

Burns’ membership in the Young Communist League after his college years limited his employment opportunities in the world of journalism. As Burns explained, “I think I must be the only journalist who ever worked not just on the Daily Worker, but all three of the country’s communist newspapers. With credentials like that, I knew it wouldn’t do much good to apply to The Wall Street Journal.” When the Burns were expecting their first child and the left-wing publication that Burns was working for in San Francisco folded, the couple returned to Chicago and Burns accepted a job painting houses with his father. Burns was hired at the Chicago Defender as a temporary editor when the newspaper needed extra writers to publish the legendary “Victory Through Unity” edition in September 1942. From that first assignment, Burns studied the black community “almost like a sociologist, filling thousands of file folders with tidbits of information about who-was-who in Chicago’s Bronzeville and what organizations made the South Side neighborhood tick.” These files comprise the majority of this collection.

Before Burns got the job working at the Defender, he worked in public relations for Earl Dickerson, a local black politician who was running for Congress against William Dawson in 1942. It was at this time that Burns met John H. Johnson. Johnson was a young political assistant who wanted to create a black equivalent of Life magazine. While Johnson raised money to fund the magazine, Burns worked on assembling the fledgling publication. The first issue was assembled on the Burns’ kitchen table in their apartment on Jackson Boulevard in Chicago. In 1954, Burns was fired from Ebony. During the late 1960s, Burns continued his career in black journalism as the editor of a rival publication, Sepia.

From 1968 to his retirement from journalism in 1977, Burns was the editor of Sepia. Beginning in 1977, the Burns traveled extensively and co-wrote a number of travel articles, including one describing their travels to the slave castles of Ghana, for the Sun-Times and other publications.

In 1996, Burns published his autobiography, Nitty Gritty: A White Editor in Black Journalism, with the University Press of Mississippi. In 1997, Burns was named to the Hall of Achievement of his alma mater, the Medill School of Journalism at Northwestern University.

Burns died of heart failure at age 86 on January 29, 2000 in Atlantis, Florida.

Scope and Content Note

The Ben Burns Papers include a wide range of materials that reflect Burns’ career in journalism as well as his personal interests and pursuits. The collection consists of correspondence, photographs, manuscripts and over one thousand clippings. The collection has been arranged into the following six series: Correspondence, Manuscripts, Subject Research Files, Photographs, Audio-Visual/Oversize and Black Magazines and Various Publications.

The Vivian G. Harsh Collection at the Carter G. Woodson Regional Library holds the entirety of the Ben Burns Papers. Burns considered donating part of his collection to Northwestern University (his alma mater) but decided that the Harsh, given its location “in the heart of the black community,” was a more appropriate repository.

The Correspondence series consists of four subseries: The Chicago Defender Years, The Ebony Years, Sepia Business Correspondence, Nitty Gritty Correspondence and Personal Correspondence.

Subseries A. The Chicago Defender Years, 1941 – 1980
Burns began his career in journalism working at the Chicago Defender, where he was national editor from 1941 – 1945. This subseries includes an announcement of Burns as the new editor-in-chief of the Defender, correspondence between Burns and John Sengstacke regarding the remaking of the Defender and a number of letters from readers. Burns’ dispatches to Metz Lochard from the World Federation of Trade Unions Conference in Paris in 1945 are also included. These dispatches contain discussions of the conditions in South Africa and the difficulties that black workers faced in organizing unions. Photographs, business cards and the names and addresses of black delegates at the conference are also included.

Subseries B. The Ebony Years, 1938 – 1995
Burns was the executive editor of Ebony from 1945-1954. This subseries includes business correspondence, articles about Ebony and a review of Era Bell Thompson’s autobiography. Coverage of the disagreement about who prevented Richard Wright’s article, “I Choose Exile,” from being published in Ebony as well as other correspondence with Richard Wright regarding a production of Black Boy is contained in this subseries.

Subseries C. Sepia Business Correspondence, 1955 - 1977
In addition to issues such as disputes over payment, gentle reminders about overdue articles and discussions of the difficulties in finding skilled photographers, these files include a number of letters that express Burns’ editorial style and vision for Sepia. Some letters discuss Burns’ concerns about the ability of white journalists to write effectively for sophisticated black audiences. Rationales for the acceptance and rejection of articles are included as well as discussions of possible article ideas.

Subseries D. Nitty Gritty Correspondence, 1994 - 1996
This subseries includes correspondence between Burns and Seetha Srinivasan, Associate Director and Editor-in-Chief at the University Press of Mississippi. This correspondence tracks Burns’ disappointment in the “slashing and revising” done by the Press and his accusations that the copy editor, Roy Grisham, was especially “heavy-handed” during the editing process due to his southern background and his discomfort with the racial issues raised by Nitty Gritty. Discussions about graphic designs, photographs for the book cover and Burns’ changes to the manuscript are also included.

Subseries E. Personal Correspondence and Family Materials
This subseries contains personal correspondence and family materials including Burns’ daughter’s first or second grade composition and letters from elementary school students expressing their disbelief and interest in a white man who works for black publications. Copies of the Northwestern Observer and the Medillian are also included.

Series II: Manuscripts, 1955 - 1996
This series includes Burns’ autobiography, Nitty Gritty: A White Editor in Black Journalism, “Last Word” columns published in Sepia and an unpublished travel essay, “An African Diary.”

Series III: Subject Research Files, 1939 - 1999
This series consists of over one thousand clippings, reports and essays. This series is divided into five subseries that reflect the major subjects that interested Burns:

Subseries A: “Reaching the Negro Market”/African American Consumerism
This subseries includes lectures, pamphlets and reports published by Johnson Publishing Company as well as newspaper clippings and articles.

Subseries B: Interracial Marriage and Multiracial Identity
The articles in this subseries include discussions of census reports of the increase in interracial marriage (in the 1960s and 1970s), the Loving v. Virginia decision (1967), representations of interracial couples on soap operas, and the existence of historically mixed-race communities such as the “Jackson Whites” of Ramapo, New Jersey and the “Melungeons” of the Tennessee hill country. These clippings also discuss famous interracial couples including Margaret Rusk (Secretary of State Dean Rusk’s daughter) and Guy Smith.

Subseries C: Dawson/Dickerson Materials, 1938 - 1970
Burns worked on Earl Dickerson’s campaign when he ran for Congress against William Dawson in 1942. The materials in this subseries include copies of the publication, Voice of the First Congressional District, letters rallying support for Dickerson, Dickerson vs. Dawson flyers and other campaign materials as well as numerous articles from the Sun-Times and the Tribune on Dawson. Subseries D: Travel Ben and Esther Burns traveled extensively throughout their lives. This subseries contains travel documents related to their trips around the world as well as travel-related articles and clippings. Subseries E. Various Topics This subseries contains numerous clippings that reflect the wide variety of topics that interested Burns, including: affirmative action, anti-Semitism, assimilation, black English, black politics, Communism, Jews, prejudice, segregation, sex and white supremacy and word origins.

The collection contains 427 photographs. Highlights in this series include Esther and Ben Burns’ trips to Haiti in 1948 and to Europe in 1950 with John and Eunice Johnson. The couples hired renown photographer Gordon Parks to accompany them and to document their trip to Haiti. This series also includes photographs taken at Ebony magazine and include pictures of Burns with Josephine Baker.

This series consists of Burns’ collection of over one hundred records. Burns borrowed some of these records from famous people including Horace Cayton. Cassette tapes and video footage from the Burns’ and Johnsons’ vacations (“Ben Burns Europe Master 23 min,” “Burns Haiti Master 27 min,” “John H. Johnson & Ben Burns in Europe Spring 1950”) are also included in this series.

This series contains Ben Burns’ collection of publications that reflected his interests and includes magazines such as MsTique, Duke and CommonQuest as well as newspapers such as The Black Panther and the Daily Californian.

Container Inventory

Series I: Correspondence, 1945 – 1999

The correspondence series has been divided into five subseries: The Chicago Defender Years, The Ebony Years, Sepia Business Correspondence, Nitty Gritty Correspondence and Personal Correspondence and Family Materials. Folders are arranged alphabetically within each subseries.

Subseries A. The Chicago Defender Years, 1941 – 1980

Box 1

Folder 1

The Chicago Defender
BB’s American Newspaper Guild cards, announcement of BB as new editor-in-chief of Defender , BB’s business cards, press pass and employee cards; clippings re: BB as editor-in-chief of Defender , correspondence between BB and John Sengstacke re: remaking the Defender; correspondence and letters to the Defender from readers; BB’s editorial department program for 1963, future goals, Defender masthead
(1941 – 1962)

Folder 2

Defender – Metz Lochard
Pamphlets: "The Defender , the Negro Press and You," and "John Sengstacke: Defending the Black Press," copy of the Defender (May 5, 1975) -- special tribute to Defender ’s rise; correspondence between BB and ML; ML’s obituaries in newspapers, program for Honors Luncheon for ML (May 22, 1976), articles covering tributes to ML, funeral program for Julia Lochard
(1946 – 1990)

Folder 3

Defender Paris Stories -- 1945 – 1946
Envelopes of photographs of delegates to the World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) in Paris in 1945 including Sydney Johnson, Joe Curran, President of the National Maritime Union, Teresa Garcia, P.L. Prattis, Charlie Collins (?) and others; dispatches from BB to ML re: WFTU, including the names and addresses of Negro delegates; “ ’Defender Sends Burns to Paris," in The Worker ; Defender newsprint of article by BB about Duke of Windsor’s butler, Sidney Johnson; criticism of West African labor about the seating of a delegate from the "Jim Crow unions of South Africa"; discussion of conditions in South Africa; handwritten correspondence with Sidney Johnson and Charles A. Collins, ex-WPA actor from Harlem; correspondence with CIO and other trade unions (1945 – 1946)

Subseries B. The Ebony Years, 1938 – 1995

Box 2

Folder 1-2

Ebony 1943 (2 folders)
Various articles re: Ebony , the Negro Press and John Johnson (JHJ)
(1945 – 1976)

Folder 3

Ebony History
Oversized pages: "Germany has Einstein, Britain had Shaw, but Ebony has the world’s only white Mau Mau!"; clippings re: "Johnson Publishing heads Illinois slate of top 100 black-owned firms," "Battle of the Beauty Counter," fact sheet on Ebony magazine by Cooper & Golin (1953, 1976 – 1989)

Folder 4

Ebony , JHJ - Letters/Wires
Employment agreements between BB and Negro Digest ; letter from JHJ commending BB on promotional work
(1947 – 1972; most materials are undated)

Folder 5

Ebony ; Letters
Letters discussing Ebony ; correspondence with Professor Wolseley, author of "The Black Press;" complaints regarding inaccurate information about Ebony, JHJ and BB (draft of a letter sent to Fortune)
(1949 – 1977)

Folder 6

Ebony – Staff
Review of Era Bell Thompson’s autobiography published in The Nation (June 27, 1987), Thompson’s resume, clipping on Vincent Tubbs (first black selected to head motion picture union), Sylvester Watkins’ resume, Sun-Times article, "Black Society"
(1954 – 1987)

Folder 7

Addresses of photographers who worked for Ebony and Sepia ; Ben and Esther Burns Slide Collection – No. 2

"Eviction" of two Negro photographers from darkroom of JPC (a joke?)

Folder 8

Press Passes, Ebony & Jet (1954)
BB’s press cards for Ebony & Jet (1954)

Folder 9

Printing information, contract and printing proposal from W. F. Hall Printing Company
(1950 – 1952)

Folder 10 - 11

Wright, Richard (2 folders)
Letter to BB from RW re: "I Choose Exile" article about RW’s life in Paris and disagreements over the article, receiving payment for this article and others; “I Choose Exile" by RW; correspondence with Addison Gayle re: BB maligned for Ebony ’s refusal to publish "I Choose Exile"; articles about RW’s books (including Native Son and White Man, Listen!) and black ex-patriots in Paris; Ben Burns’ "’They’re Not Uncle Tom’s Children,’" published in The Reporter (March 8, 1956); correspondence with Joe (?) re: Bigger Thomas, the Communist Party, traveling to the South, difficulties in getting books published
(1938 – 1994)

Folder 12

Wright, Richard – PBS
Correspondence re: “Richard Wright-Black Boy" production (BB’s photograph was used in the film)
(1993 – 1995)

Box 3

No folders

Ebony Page Proofs

“Ebony’s Name"

“Ebony’s Girls"

“Ebony Opens Its New Building" (1949)

“Kingsblood Royal"

“Where Ebony Stands Today"

“Meet the Real Lena Horne"

“Ebony’s Fifth Anniversary" (Nov 1950)

“5 Million U.S. White Negroes" (March 1948)

Subseries C. Sepia Business Correspondence, 1955 – 1977

Box 4

Folder 1

Ads – 76
7/8/74; 7/
Correspondence re: advertising and increasing Sepia sales; challenge ad comparing Sepia to Ebony
(1975 – 1976)

Folder 2

Barnes, Bill
7/8/74; 7/
Letter from Mrs. Joe Turner re: efforts to prevent leprosy in Korea
(July 1974)

Folder 3

Barnick, Kaye
Correspondence including letter from BB to KB re: two suggestions for articles – 1) Iman; 2) Rutgers professor who claims that blacks were in U.S. before Columbus
(Sept – Nov 1976)

Folder 4

Bennett, Lerone – “Southern Trip" with Mike Sheas

Folder 5

Biondi, Shirley
Correspondence including letters discussing problems with article and photographs of Berkeley schools(discussion of problems with white writers’ naiveté about black audiences); questionnaire for BB for article on black magazines
(Nov – Dec 1972)

Folder 6

Blackman, Brandon
Letters re: interview with Melvin Van Peebles for Sepia and other article ideas; “Approaching the inevitable caller," by Blackman
(June 1974 – Dec 1976)

Folder 7

Brockman, Chris
Letter to CB from BB re: influence of “black music" on classical music and black conductors and “The Black Chinese" article in Sepia
(Sept 1974 – June 1975)

Folder 8

Brower, Bill
Letter to Brower from BB re: story ideas including black basketball coaches & black sports broadcasters
(July 17, 1974)

Folder 9

Brower, W.A.
Letter of introduction and resume of W.A. Brower, freelance writer on black culture and music
(August 18, 1976)

Folder 10

Brown, Mamie
Correspondence between MB and BB including letters re: disappointment with photos of Norman Jones, article idea describing a lynching when MB was seven
(Jan 6, 1975 – Dec 19, 1975)

Folder 11

Burrell, Walter
Letters re: Roots story and photography
(June 4, 1974 – Oct 21, 1976)

Folder 12

Carter, Tom
Letters to BB from TC re: Alex Haley article, Ernest Gaines, Artus DeLonguiel’s sex change, photography costs and TC finding his 19-year-old son
(1972 – 1976)

Folder 13

Letter to BBs re: cartoon work for Sepia
(June 17, 1961 – Aug 10, 1971)

Folder 14

Clips for file
Letter to Ted Stewart from Anita Wilson re: use of the word “black;" letter to BB from Al White re: Sepia; New York Times book reviews; Bauman Rare Book catalog of rare books and autographs
(1976, 1979, 1997)

Folder 15

Cofield, Ernestine
Letter to EC from BB re: Ethel Ennis
(1971 – 1973)

Folder 16

Collins, Lisa
Correspondence between LC (freelance writer) and BB re: article ideas and photography (Wanda Babin, Eagle Guard Security, Blacks in Soaps)
(Feb 26, 1976 – March 11, 1977)

Folder 17

Comer, James (Dr.)
Correspondence between James P. Comer, M.D., (Associate Professor Of Psychiatry at Yale Child Study Center) and John Griffin (editorial consultant for Sepia); Review of Comer’s book, Beyond Black and White (July 14, 1974)
(May 15, 1974; May 31, 1974)

Folder 18

Conrad, Earl
Correspondence between EC and BB re: story ideas (“The First Black President of the U.S. Why Not and When?") and resuscitation of Sepia
(Feb 23, 1971 – March 2, 1971; some undated)

Folder 19

Daniels, George
Correspondence between GD and BB re: article suggestions (trips to Africa, Opportunities Industrialization Center in Ghana – the most successful OIC operation in Africa)
(August 10, 1976 – Feb 9, 1977)

Folder 20
Darden, Norman

Article in Amsterdam News on Norman Darden, “Lone Black Literary Agent?" (undated); correspondence between ND and BB re: Wilkins piece, article and interview ideas, advertising space, contributions to Amsterdam News, Shirley Verrett piece
(May 30, 1975 – March 11, 1977)

Folder 21

Davis, Griffith
Business card and letter from BB re: BB’s trip to Africa
(July 8, 1977)

Folder 22

Davis, Melton
Correspondence between MD and BB re: article possibilities
(Feb 2, 1971 – Feb 22, 1975)

Folder 23

Demille, Darcy
Correspondence between DD and BB re: Levitan’s death, article ideas
(March 15, 1971 – Oct 22, 1976)

Folder 24

Diouf, S.
S.Diouf’s CV; correspondence between SD and BB re: rejection of article on Bonnys
(June 17, 1974 – June 21, 1974)

Folder 25

Drake, Hal
Correspondence between HD and BB
(July 1, 1976 – July 7, 1976)

Folder 26

Duckett, Al
News release re: Ruth Duckett Gibbs, associate editor of Collegiate Woman’s Career Magazine (April, 20, 1977); Correspondence between AD and BB
(Nov 4, 1971 – April 20, 1977)

Folder 27

Duke Magazine
Correspondence re: Duke, Modern Man and Sepia magazines; includes George Schuyler’s CV
(May 8, 1957 – May 12, 1958)

Folder 28

Ebert, Alan
Correspondence between BB and AE
(Aug 4, 1976 – May 4, 1977)

Folder 29

Fallis, Diana
Letter and article, “Black Co-Eds at White Colleges" by Donna Fallis
(August 2, 1972)

Folder 30

Fingarette, Sherry
Correspondence between SF and BB
(Aug 2, 1976 – Aug 13, 1978)

Folder 31

Garfinkel, Perry
Correspondence between PG and BB re: Ernie Royal story
(May 6, 1976 – May 10, 1976)

Folder 32

Gaver, Jessyca
Correspondence between JG and BB re: Sepia mention in Writers Newsletter
(Feb 24, 1971 – March 2, 1971); copies of Writers Newsletter
(Feb 1, 1970 – Nov 15, 1970, March 15, 1971)

Folder 33

General Sepia Correspondence
Correspondence between BB and Alvin White, Ambassador Richard Jones, Wayne Willer; correspondence between Bea Pringle and George Wilcox, complaints about articles; correspondence re: BB leaving Sepia for a year to travel to Africa and Frank Peterson as the new editor; Article in Texas Monthly : “Soul on Ink: Farewell to the Fort Worth publishing house that gave us Sepia, Jive and Bronze Thrills"
(1956 – 1983)

Folder 34

Gibbs, Ruth Duckett
Correspondence between RDB and BB
(Sept 23, 1971 – May 22, 1975; some handwritten notes are undated)

Folder 35

Griffin, John Howard
Correspondence between JHG and BB re: Sepia articles, including correspondence about writing an article, “White No More," a follow-up to Roi Ottley’s article that would describe the passing of “passing"; photograph and print of JHG’s book, Black Like Me , jacket cover of Black Like Me
(1958 – 1977)

Folder 36

Hill, Herman
Correspondence between HH and BB
(Jan 13, 1976 – Dec 20, 1976)

Folder 37

Hobbs, Sterling
Correspondence between SH and BB
(Jan 20, 1974 – March 8, 1977)

Folder 38

Horne, Lena
Letter re: story on Horne

Folder 39

Irwin, Ben
Correspondence between BI and BB
(April 10, 1975 – Feb 9, 1977)

Folder 40

Jones, Isaac
Article published in Michigan Chronicle , “Couple Takes Sentimental Journey Home to ‘New South,’" by Isaac Jones (undated); correspondence re: article on Arthur Barnes (101 years old)
(Feb 28, 1973 – March 9, 1973)

Folder 41

Jordan, Milton
Correspondence between MJ and BB
(Jan 27, 1975 – Dec 4, 1977)

Box 5


Folder 1

Kaplan, Marion
Correspondence between MK and BB
(Oct 13, 1972 – June 13, 1977)

Folder 2

Killens, John
Letter to BB from JK re: book by Chancellor Williams
(Feb 25, 1972 – March 12, 1972)

Folder 3

Lane, Bill
Letter to BB from BL re: pilot of Sepia and story and photos of Denise Nicholas (BB’s response is attached)
(April 15, 1971)

Folder 4

Lant, Jeffrey
Correspondence between JL and BB
(Sept 8, 1976 – May 16, 1977)

Folder 5

Lear, Len
Correspondence between LL and BB re: Caroline Rich, whites working in black publications and LL’s article, “The Tribune’s Token Honky Bares His Lily-White Soul" (1975 – 1976)

Folder 6

Learn, Paul
Correspondence between PL and BB re: Cheryl Johnson, Miss Wyoming 1974 (BB’s response: not interested)
(Aug 12, 1975 – Aug 21, 1975)

Folder 7

Correspondence with Morton Cooper re: article ideas, BB leaving PDC, MC suggesting possible job opportunities for BB; correspondence with Marcia Osborn at Doubleday re: reprinting Bucklin Moon’s The Darker Brother and Ray Bradbury’s The Martian Chronicles ; correspondence with Mr. Peterson re: new articles for Sepia including articles on the black communities in major cities
(1956 – 1971)

Folder 8

Letters to the Editor

Folder 9

Correspondence between BB and GL re: comparison between Ebony and Sepia, getting Sepia into libraries, BB’s editorial responsibilities, announcements about Bea Pringle being named publisher of Sepia
(1970 – 1977)

Folder 10

Lewis, Larry
Correspondence between LL and BB re: becoming “ Sepia ’s man in Israel"
(Jan 15, 1975 – July 30, 1976)

Folder 11

Lucas, Bob

Folder 12

Marine, Gene
Correspondence between GM and BB re: article on Dizzy Gillespie
(Aug 6, 1976 – Aug 31, 1976)

Folder 13

Matthews, Gene
Correspondence between FM and BB; New York Post article, “The Lomax ‘Revolt’ and the NAACP;" New York Times Book Review, “The Day the Negroes Left" (review of A Different Drummer by William Melvin Kelley)
(Jan 25, 1972 – Feb 12, 1972; July 8, 1962; June 17, 1962)

Folder 14

McFadden, Jerome
Correspondence between JM and BB
(April 28, 1977 – May 4, 1977)

Folder 15

Moen, Erma
Correspondence between EM and BB; attached is EM’s article, “Unforgettable Gelu Pierre," published in The Reader’s Digest (January 1976)
(Aug 4, 1975 – March 25, 1976)

Folder 16

Moore, Bob
Correspondence between BM and BB
(March 2, 1971 – March 19, 1972)

Folder 17

Niemark, Paul
Correspondence between BB and PN re: article on integration in the suburbs, Al Green, PN’s novel, She Lives! , which became an ABC Movie of the Week
(1975 – 1977)

Folder 18

Norman, Shirley
Correspondence between SN and BB re: Lena Horne interview, Roxie Roker story, Harry Belafonte says no to interview
(Aug 30, 1976 – Feb 1, 1977)

Folder 19

Ottley, Roi
Draft with corrections of article “Great Lovers" by Roi Ottley
(June 1, 1973)

Folder 20

Peterson, Franklyn
Correspondence between BB and FP re: Maya Angelou, Bobby Short and story ideas (May 6, 1971 – May 21, 1977); letters from Abidjan, Ivory Coast (Dec 1977 – March 1978)

Folder 21

Press reports re: Governor George Wallace as “America’s most dangerous racist," “How Joe Louis Got ‘Hooked’ on Cocaine," retrospective on “Black No More" with John Howard Griffin, holdings of the Black Muslims, adoption of black children by white families

Folder 22

Preece, Harold
Correspondence between HP and BB
(July 13, 1971 – Sept 25, 1976)

Folder 23

Pringle, Bea & Edna Turner
Program from 20th Annual Celebrity Breakfast, articles on awards given to Bea Pringle and Edna Turner, correspondence to BP from BB; various correspondence including letters from Edna Turner and Franklyn Peterson (who will take over as editor of Sepia), letter re: incorrect listing of Sepia’s circulation as 160,000; announcement of Bea Pringle named as publisher of Sepia, article on BB’s assignment to gather material on black African countries
(1973 – 1978)

Folder 24

Reynolds, Barbara
Correspondence between BP and BB
(May 19, 1972; May 16, 1972?)

Folder 25

Richmond, Al
Correspondence between BB and AR including letters re: writers Gene Marine and Dave Richmond, article ideas, writers and photographs for Sepia
(1970 – 1976)

Folder 26

Roberson, Mason
Correspondence between MR and BB
(Feb 4, 1971 – March 16, 1971; also includes undated materials)

Folder 27

Robinson, Major
Correspondence between MJ and BB
(May 3, 1971, May 7, 1971)

Folder 28

Ross, Dorothy
Correspondence between BB and Victor O’Gilvie and BB and DR (includes program, “Musical Marbella")
(June 14, 1975 – July 8, 1975)

Folder 29

Rowan, Carl
Letter to CR from BB re: CR’s “price tag is much too rich for [ Sepia ’s] budget"
(Oct 28, 1975)

Folder 30

Salaam, Yusef Abdul
Correspondence between YAS and BB
(Aug 31, 1976; other letters are undated)

Folder 31

Salvo, Patrick
Correspondence between PS and BB
(Oct 19, 1974 – Dec 15, 1976; several letters are undated)

Folder 32

Scott, Gilbert
Correspondence between GS and BB; includes GS’s letter to Bea Pringle (publisher of Sepia ) and GS’ CV
(June 24, 1976 – July 7, 1976)

Folder 33

Jet article on death of George Levitan, owner of Sepia Publishing Co., correspondence including letters re: Sepia articles, information about Good Publishing Company magazines (Sepia, Bronze Thrills, Hep, Jive, Soul Confessions, Soul Teen), discontinuation of all operations on Sepia magazine, use of the expression “two coons" and BB’s concern about the material edited in Texas; BB’s leave of absence, BB’s position at Sepia
(1956 – 1985)

Folder 34

Sepia – Peterson 78
Correspondence between BB and FP re: BB’s travels to Africa and Europe and BB’s column, “Last Word"
(1977 – 1978)

Folder 35

Shay, Reg
Correspondence between RS and BB
(March 11, 1975 – Feb 10, 1976)

Folder 36

Showell, Milton
Letter re: misunderstanding in the use of the word “motherfucker" compared to “muthafucka"

Folder 37

Stern, Phil
Correspondence between BB and PS re: photo work for Sepia

Folder 38

Thomas, Jacqueline
Letter to BB from JT re: story on Holy Angels

Folder 39

Thomas, Leroy
Letter from BB to LT re: SLA column
(June 1, 1974)

Folder 40

Tolbert, Frank
Correspondence between BB and FT
(May 31, 1974 – Oct 4, 1974)

Folder 41

Trubo, Richard
Thank you from Norman Lear to Richard Trubo for Sepia article
(June 6, 1975)

Folder 42

Tubbs, Vincent
Correspondence between VT and BB re: photography, articles on Calvin Lockhart, “Hollywood’s New Beauties," Jimmy Walker, and story ideas including “Hollywood’s Beautiful Black Divorcees"
(Oct 5, 1972 – Dec 4, 1975)

Folder 43

Tubbs, Vincent -- Paris Phone List, 1973
Letter to Michael Flug re: phone list sent to BB in 1973 from Vincent Tubbs (who was married to Mamie Hansberry; phone list (1997)

Folder 44

Turner, Edna 76
Program from 20th Annual Celebrity Breakfast, articles on awards given to Bea Pringle and Edna Turner, correspondence to BP from BB
(1975 – 1977)

Correspondence between BB and ET and between BB and Eunice Wilson re: articles (including Mahogany and Diana Ross, Lou Rawls, Black Muslims, John Howard Griffin), corrections, printing and quality issues pertaining to the magazine
(1971 – 1978)

Folder 45

Turner, James
Correspondence between JT and BB re: bi-centennial issue; includes JT’s essay, “Colonial Black New England"
(March 22, 1975 – May 8, 1975)

Folder 46

Van Sertima, Ivan
Thank you to BB from IVS for article in Sepia
(Jan 20, 1977)

Box 6


Folder 1

Walton, Hanes
Correspondence between HW and BB re: bicentennial issue and articles focusing on black historical sites and black fashion; includes abstracts and ads for works by HW including: “Black Republicans: The Politics of the Black and Tans," “The Political Philosophy of Martin Luther King, Jr.," “Black Political Parties: A Historical and Political Analysis and an ad for Black Politics: A Theoretical and Structural Analysis"
(Jan 30, 1976 – April 27, 1976)

Folder 2

Wesley, Richard
Correspondence between RW and BB about article in Sepia
(Jan 13, 1977; Jan 26, 1977)

Folder 3-4

White, Al (2 folders)
Correspondence between AW and BB re: Florence Mills story
(Aug 8, 1975 – May 9, 1977)

Folder 5

Writers/Names and Addresses
Mark Harris’ bibliography (Feb 6, 1997), letters from and to Marion Kaplan (April 28, 1992, May 14, 1992), letter asking for cartoon material from cartoonists, list of writers and photographers, list of proposed articles for pilot issue of Sepia
(1971 – 1997)

Folder 6-7

Young, Doc (2 folders)
Letters re: articles by Doc Young, disagreements over BB’s methods, his “Great White Fatherism," disappointment with the black press, article assignments, dispute over article on Muhammad Ali/Frazier fight, resuscitation of Sepia, open areas within the magazine field (teen, women’s interest, New South, Negro detective field), ways to improve Sepia
(July 30, 1970 – June 28, 1977)

Folder 8

Young, Masco
Correspondence between MY and BB; article about Young’s column, “On the Town"
(Dec 9, 1957 – Oct 7, 1971)

Subseries D. Nitty-Gritty Correspondence


Box 7


Folder 1

Correspondence with Bill Mullen re: his book, Popular Fronts: Chicago and African American Cultural Politics: 1935-1946 , request to quote two letters from Nitty-Gritty , requests for information from BB from academics (including Eric Arnesen), “Following the Color Line of Labor: Black Workers and the Labor Movement before 1930" by Eric Arnesen, “Popular Fronts: Negro Story Magazine and the African American Literary Response to World War II" by Bill Mullen
(1996 – 1998)

Folder 2

Ads, etc.
Ads for Nitty-Gritty
(1996 - )

Folder 3

Correspondence between BB and prospective literary agents, evaluations of Nitty-Gritty , letters of rejection from literary agents; pamphlet from Scott Meredith’s literary agency, BB’s biographical statement

Folder 4

Agents – Elmo/Cohen
Rejection letters from literary agents, BB’s disappointment at lack of interest from publishers and literary agents’ lack of success in placing the manuscript

Folder 5

Algase, Gertrude
Correspondence re: conceptualization of BB’s book (including possible titles), creating a book contract, BB’s decision not to publish the book and later reconsideration, Putnam’s rejection of manuscript (unsure about timing of book given problems of racial segregation); BB’s biographical statement
(1953 – 1955)

Folder 6

BB – Personal
Correspondence between BB and Bill Edwards re: Sammy Davis pictures from Duke magazine and Modern Man articles; correspondence between BB and Laura Washington re: Chicago Reporter and BB’s induction into Medill School of Journalism Hall of Achievement

Folder 7

Book Expenses

Folder 8

Book Expenses/Contract
Publishing agreement with University Press of Mississippi, list of book expenses, tax returns, invoices to Chicago Public Library
(May 17, 1994 – June 8, 1998)

Folder 9

Book Jacket

Folder 10

Book Publishers/Stories
Letters from BB to publishers pitching Nitty-Gritty for publication; newspaper articles re: Haki Madhubuti, Jill Nelson’s Volunteer Slavery and other recently published books about the changing face of corporate America, multiethnic romance novels
(1992 – 1994)

Folder 11

Book Reviews – Dupes
Reviews of Nitty Gritty published in Chicago Defende r, Daily Challenge , Publisher’s Weekly

Folder 12

Copyright – Author’s Guild
Copyright information for Nitty Gritty ; certificate of registration (May 29, 1996) and correspondence (April – November 1996)

Folder 13

Daily Northwestern – PR
Various articles/mentions of Nitty-Gritty, profile in Daily Northwestern
(1996 - )

Folder 14

Harsh and Schomburg Collections
BB’s donation of Nitty-Gritty to the Schomburg, talk at the Harsh (undated)
(May 1, 1996)

Folder 15

Indiana U Press
Correspondence, memos and contracts with Indiana U Press re: consideration and withdrawal of offer to publish Nitty Gritty; Burns’ response to withdrawal of contract (1993 - )

Folder 16

Correspondence re: BB’s request for a feature on Nitty Gritty in Jewish Star and BB’s article on his visit to Auschwitz, copy of “An Atheist at Auschwitz"

Folder 17

Jewish Star
Copies of Chicago Jewish Star including an article on Burns, “White Jew, Black Media" (published in the August 30 – September 12, 1996 issue)
(1996 - )

Box 8


Folder 1

Miller, Wayne
Correspondence between BB and WM; postcards and flyers announcing WM’s exhibit, “Black Chicago: 1946 – 1948"
(1995 – 1996)

Folder 2

Miss – Business Contract
Correspondence with University Press of Mississippi re: royalties, list of University Press of Mississippi Bestsellers in 1996 (#20 is Nitty Gritty ); reader evaluations and suggestions for revisions; publishing agreement
(1994 – 1998)

Folder 3

Miss – Hunter Cole
Correspondence re: promotion and marketing plans for Nitty-Gritty
(1995 – 1999)

Folder 4-5

Miss (Seetha) (2 folders)
Correspondence between BB and Seetha A-Srinivasan (SS), Associate Director and Editor-in-Chief at University Press of Mississippi re: decision to reject manuscript on BB’s visits to Africa, readers who reviewed the Nitty Gritty manuscript, graphic designs and photographs for book cover, comments on editorial changes to manuscript, discussion of BB’s concerns about changes to manuscript, reader’s evaluations

Folder 6

The Nation
Review of Nitty Gritty and other articles about race published in The Nation (June 17, 1996); correspondence re: review of Nitty Gritty published in The Nation , copy of Pathways: A Minority Press Review (1995)
(1995 – 1996)

Folder 7

Short biography of BB, Correspondence re: BB’s article, “A Radical at Northwestern" (and a copy of the article), “The 1934 Review," “Northwestern Remembrances: The War Years and NU’s Response" and other alumni and class reunion materials
(1989 – 1998)

Folder 8

Northwestern Awards
Correspondence with Laura Washington re: Chicago Reporter and BB’s induction into the Medill School of Journalism Hall of Achievement; list of Medill School of Journalism Hall of Achievement inductees, letter from Dean Michael C. Janeway inviting BB to become among the first alumni inductees into the Hall of Achievement; essay by Esther Burns nominating BB for National Association of Black Journalists (provides BB’s biography); handwritten copy also in folder; program for Medill awards ceremony (April 26, 1997)

Copies of the Northwestern Observe r (April 14, 1997) and The Medillian (Fall 1996, Winter 1997, Summer 1997) and copy of Chicago Reporter (March 1, 1997)

Box 9


Folder 1

Various articles/mentions of BB and publication of Nitty Gritty
(1996 - )

Folder 2

Prince, Richard – NABJ
Correspondence between Wayne Dawkins, BB and Richard Prince re: NABJ journal
(1996 - )

Folder 3

Correspondence re: discussion of Nitty-Gritty on WBEZ on April 18, 1997; letter to Oprah from Esther Burns re: BB and EB’s life experiences; thank you notes from BB to Studs Terkel and others who invited him to discuss Nitty Gritty on their programs
(1997 -)

Folder 4

Safire, William
Two letters re: origins of the expression “nitty-gritty"
(1991, 1996)

Folder 5

University Presses
Correspondence re: finding an agent and a publisher for Nitty-Gritty ; rejection letters from university presses (Wayne State, University of Missouri, University of North Carolina and others)
(1991 – 1994)

Folder 6

Various Nitty Gritty materials
BB’s essay on Era Bell Thompson (editor at Ebony ), letters to Kup and Ron Grossman re: Nitty-Gritty , Chicago Jewish Star article featuring BB, press junket for Nitty-Gritty, Nitty-Gritty news releases, talks given at book signings
(1996 – 1997)

Folder 7

Copies of reviews of Nitty-Gritty printed from Barnes and Noble’s website
(July 26, 1999)

Subseries E. Various Topics
This subseries contains numerous clippings that reflect the wide variety of topics that interested Burns including: will be arranged alphabetically and will include a variety of topics that interested Burns including: affirmative action, anti-Semitism, assimilation, black English, black politics, Communism, Jews, prejudice, segregation, sex and white supremacy and word origins.

Subseries E. Personal Correspondence and Family

Box 10
Folder 1
Benjamin Burns
Correspondence between BB and Benjamin Burns re: confusion with their names(1997)

Folder 2
Chicago Tribune
Letters from nine, ten and eleven year-old students in a computer/writing class at the Earle School on the Chicago's South Side; BB's suggestion that they be used as a promotion for the Tribune or as a Channel 9 segment (1997)"We're all people: Unique career in black journalism recalled" by Ron Grossman published in Tribune(February 23, 1997)

Folder 3
Family Materials

Barbara Burns' (BB's daughter) summer school (first or second grade) composition (May 17, 1949) BB's USA Personnel Security Questionnaire; search for information on Alexander Bernstein; telegram with information about BB's mother's arrival in US; background on the name "Bernstein" from Museum of Jewish Diaspora; parents' marriage license (1918); biographical sketch of BB from "Who's Who in America"(1983)

Folder 4
Various material on Peapod (grocery delivery service), Seattle Sutton, clippings on local restaurants and types of foods, coupons and menus from local restaurants (undated)

Folder 5-6
Library - CHI DuSable Museum (2 folders)
Flyers from events at Chicago Public Library including a discussion with Angela Davis, "The Chicago Renaissance 1932 - 1950: A Flowering of Afro-American Culture," 1998 Chicago Tribute Markers of Distinction celebrating Vivian Harsh, program for Black Journalism in the Chicago Renaissance with speakers Doris Saunders, Ben Burns, Vernon Jarrett, John H. Johnson and Herbert Nipson (May 16, 1998); articles on Doris Saunders, black Journalism in Chicago. Invitation and acceptance to be on journalism panel on Chicago Renaissance event at the Harsh on May 16, 1998; program for Harsh Collection Room Groundbreaking Ceremony (June 27, 1996)Correspondence with Steve Burns re: bookplate design (June 9, 1989), with Donald Sager re: BB's donation of his collection to the Harsh Collection (March 20, 1981), with Deborah Wood Holton, scholar who cataloged Part I of the collection (April 21, 1989)(1981 - 1998)

Folder 7
National Association of Black Journalists
Annual Report, 1995-1996; Journal, May-June 1996

Folder 8
Our World
LA Tribune article re: Our World magazine; correspondence with John Davis, publisher of Our World magazine re: BB's interest in freelancing for Our World and Say (1952-1954)

Folder 9
Personal Correspondence
Requests for interviews, letter from U.S. Representative Jan Schakowsky, advertisement for event at the Harsh featuring Doris Saunders(1999)

Folder 10
University Archives/Woody Guthrie
Correspondence from University Archives re: BB's Woody Guthrie collection (four cartoons on notebook paper completed in the late 1930s); pre-World War II medal given in Italy by Mussolini's government to fathers with big families; rejection letters from Kenneth W. Rendell, Sotheby's, Christie's; acceptance letter from University Archives(April, May 1995; Sept 1997)

Folder 11
Who's Who in Colored America
Letter and questionnaire (June 14, 195)

Box 11

Travel journals and datebooks: 1977 Sahara[n] Africa; 1979-80 Mexico, China; 1983-84 Yemen, Egypt, Israel; 1986 datebook; 1987 London, Kenya; 1989 New Zealand, Azerbaijan; 1990 datebook

Box 12

Travel journals and datebooks: 1968-69 India; 1973 datebook; 1977 Africa; 1983 South America cruise; 1984 Greece, Australia; 1985 Russia; 1982 Australia, Southeast Asia; 1987 Kenya to Ft. Lauderdale; 1995 datebook; 1986 Europe, Africa, Atlantic cruise on Stefan Batory; 1992 London to San Francisco Sea Princess cruise

Box 13

Travel journals and datebooks: 1983 Yemen; 1985 West Indies; 1991 Europe; 1995 England to San Francisco; 1996-97 Cross-Atlantic cruise

Series II: Manuscripts

Box 14
Folder 1
Nitty Gritty (cover - pg. 50)

Folder 2
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 51 - 100)

Folder 3
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 101 - 150)

Folder 4
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 151 - 200)

Folder 5
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 201 - 250)

Folder 6
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 251 - 300)

Folder 7
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 301 - 350)

Folder 8
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 351 - 400)

Folder 9
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 401 - 450)

Folder 10
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 451 - 500)

Folder 11
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 501 - 550)

Folder 12
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 551 - 599)

Folder 13
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 600 - 650)

Folder 14
Nitty Gritty (pgs. 651 - 700)

Box 15
Folder 1
Chapter 21. Paris Again and Last Days at Ebony (NG, pgs 701 - 750)

Folder 2
Nitty Gritty, pgs 751 - 800

Folder 3
Nitty Gritty, pgs 801 - 851

Folder Folders 4-16 include notes and copy from Nitty Gritty
Folder 4

Folder 5
Defender 1942/Dawson

Folder 6
Defender; Back at the Defender, 1962

Folder 7
Defender, Summary

Folder 8
Early Years, CP & Personal

Folder 9
Ebony/JHJ/Negro Digest

Folder 10

Folder 11
PR/Von Rosen/Modern Man/Cuba

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14
Trips 1963/68-69

Folder 15

Folder 16
An African Diary

Folder 17
An African Diary

Folder 18
Manuscript by Ben Burns, p 1 - 50

Folder 19
Manuscript by Ben Burns, p 51 - 100

Folder 20
Manuscript by Ben Burns, p 101 - 150

Folder 21
Manuscript by Ben Burns, p 151 - 200

Folder 22
Manuscript by Ben Burns, p 201 - 262

Box 16
Folder 1
"A House Divided" by Ben Burns
Page proofs and final copies of BB's article, "A House Divided," on the end of black politics, published in Chicago Reader on June 13, 1997 and correspondence re: this article, its publication and an earlier copy titled "The Truth About Black Politicians"(1996 - 1997)

Folder 2-4
"Last Word" columns (3 folders)
Writing under the pseudonym of Ted Stewart, columns re: discussions of black leadership, media representations of blacks, the New South, the black vote, "reverse discrimination," black political and social power, Israel-South African trade; whites taking credit for black success ("Is Muhammad Ali Irish?"); Jimmy Carter, black movies, the KKK on television, the bicentennial; use of humor to blast bigotry; clippings from Texas Monthly (Oct 1983) and The Reporter (Oct 1983). (1976 - 1978)

Folder 5-6
Last Word Columns/Africa (2 folders)
Esther Burns' travel journal from trip to Africa, 1978 - 79Article about the Sahara(November 1991)

Folder 7
"Liberty, Some Equality...But No Fraternity" by Ben Burns
Two copies of The Reporter, includes BB's article, "They're Not Uncle Tom's Children," readers' letters, "Why Europeans Think We're Racists" (undated)(March 1956)

Folder 8
London and Morocco
Travel essay

Series III: Subject Research Files, 1939 - 1999

This series consists of thousands of clippings, reports and essays on topics of interest to Burns. This series is divided into five subseries.

Subseries A: "Reaching the Negro Market"/African American Consumerism.
This subseries includes lectures, pamphlets and reports published by Johnson Publishing Company as well as newspaper clippings and articles. General interest articles about African American celebrities are also included in this subseries.

Box 17
Folder 1-2
Advertising (2 folders)
Various newspaper clippings including:"Living Together in 1976" by Fairfax M. Cone for the 63rd Annual Meeting of Off-the-Street Club on June 10, 1964; "Marketing to the Negro Consumer" in Sales Management, The Magazine of Marketing dated March 4, 1960; "Selling the Negro Market" in Tide Magazine, The Newsmagazine for Advertising, The Gallagher Report

Folder 3-4
Advertising Articles-Negro Market (2 folders)
Various newspaper clippings: "Cosmetic Makers are Waking up to the Negro Market's Profit Potential," in Chemical Week (September 21, 1957); "No Single Mass Market," a talk by Mr. Don Connell, V.P., Market Research Corporation of America Before the Marketing Executives Club of New York

Folder 5
Consolidated Rate Card; "Newspaper Readership Dynamics in the Black Community," A Research Study Conducted by Behavioral Systems, Inc.; "Market Demographics in 25 Major Cities (100,000 or more Black Population)," from "The Social and Economic Status of the Black Population, 1971," U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; "Newspapers Represented by Amalgamated Publishers, Inc.: Negro Newspapers Reach the Heart of Central City Households"

Folder 6
"Central-City Retailers Are Losing Customers for Your Brands;" (2 copies)"Negro Family Expenditures for Women & Girls Apparel;" "How Ebony Sells Apparel;" "Negro Family Expenditures for Men & Boys Apparel;" "How the Rate of Spending by Negro Families for Furniture Exceeds that of the General Market;" "Total Negro Demand for House Furnishings and Equipment"

Folder 7
Auto tires--Negro Market
Clippings: "65 Million Dollars: The Urban Negro Replacement Tire Market Effectively Reached by Ebony Magazine;" "The Automotive Market of the Ebony Audience;" "Automotive Trends among the Ebony Audience," Research Department, Johnson Publishing, Co., Frank G. Davis, PhD., Director (November 1960) 2 copies; "The Automotive Market of the Ebony Audience" (1959); "Motor Vehicle Production -- U.S. Plants"

Folder 8
Black Enterprise
"Black Enterprise in Profile," New York Times (April 7, 1972); Black Enterprise Audience Study 1974; "Why should you advertise in Black Enterprise?" (ad); Stats on Black Enterprise Magazine; "The green side of Black is up to $59,000,000,000," brochure for Black Enterprise; "Black Enterprise Magazine Advertising Rates and Specifications"

Folder 10
Black Magazines - General, Newspapers
Clippings re: struggles of Baltimore Afro-American, Black Journalists Reflect Shift from Racialism, pamphlet about MsTique magazine, The Race Reporter, Eagle & Swan, "The Black Magazines' Steady Struggle for Survival," Discovery and New Lady magazines, article on comic strip, "Where I'm Coming From" (1972 - 1992)

Folder 11
Black Sports
Black Sports Magazine, Profile of the Black Sports Reader; The World of Black Sports Bridge to a 45-Billion Dollar Market

Folder 12
Various newspaper clippings

Folder 13-14
Circulation (2 folders)
The Gallagher Report, "Advertisers Revolt Against Magazine Cut-Rate Circulation Practices," (Supplement to November 10, 1975)Letter to Bea Pringle from BB dated 11/20/76 re: Ebony's newsstand circulation

Folder 15
Defender/Black Press

Various articles re: John Sengstacke (obituary), Essence magazine, concerns about the future of the Chicago Defender, Elinor Tatum and Amsterdam News, new black publications (African Voices, Emerge, Shade, Upscale, Source, Heath and Soul, YSB), Earl Graves(1993 - 1998)

Folder 16
"Special publications can help interested collectors to find black dolls," Chicago Tribune (July 17, 1983)

Box 17
Folder 17-18
Ebony Ads (2 folders)
Various newspaper clippings. Pencil drawings "What is Nitty Gritty;" Report to the Drug Industry, "Central-City Retailers are Losing Customers for Your Brands;" "The Urban Negro Market Potential;" "Isn't the Negro Market Too Small for Mass Volume Effort?;" "Patterns of Negro Expenditures in Big City Markets (A Survey of 552 Negro Families in 10 Selected Cities) by Frank G. Davis; "'Negro Market is Too Vital to Ignore,'" in American Druggist (January 26, 1970); "Ebony: Making a New Market Pay Off" in Business Week (March 22, 1952); "Selling the Negro Market: A Manual for Salesman," published by Ebony; "The Negro's Role in the Marketing Revolution," by John Johnson; "Deferential Factors in the Negro Market," by Frank G. Davis (November 5, 1959)

Box 18

Folder 1
Various newspaper clippings: Essence Fact Sheet; Biography of Edward Lewis, Publisher and Chairman of the Board, Essence Communications (photograph); Biography of Clarence "Larry" Smith, President, Essence Communications and Advertising Sales Director (photograph); Essence Editorial Advisory Board; Essence Board of Directors; Biography of Marcia Ann Gillespie, Editor-in-Chief, Essence; Essence 1974 "Update

Folder 2
"The Negro Family Food Bill Amounts to $3 3/4 Billion;" "'Negroes Eat More at Home,' says Ebony's DeKnight;" "Report to the Food Industry: 'Central-City Retailers are Losing Customers for Your Brands;'" "The Negro Market for Prepared Flour Mixes" by the Research Department of Johnson Publishing Co.;" "Why Pet Milk Should Cultivate the Negro Market Through the Pages of Ebony Magazine," by Johnson Publishing Company (February 1962)

Folder 3
Various newspaper clippings re: marketing drug products, product use among blacks, network television billings

Folder 4
New Yorker articles

Folder 5
"How the Rate of Spending for Negro Families for Household Appliances Compare with that of the General Market;" Report to Household Furnishings and Equipment Manufacturers: "Central-City Retailers are Losing Customers for Your Brands" (2 copies); Chart: "Negro Families Spend $468 Million for Household Appliances"

Folder 6
Article re: libel suit against Jet magazine (Sept. 17, 1954)

Folder 7
Lists - Radio

Folder 8
Negro Digest
Clippings re: black publications, "Hard Times for Black Writers," Black World, obituary in Time of Hoyt Fuller, managing editor of Negro Digest and its successor, Black World, correspondence re: Black World and anti-Semitism, "The Alien Message of the Wind" published in Black World, October 1970 (1970 - 1981)

Folder 9
Negro Magazine Lists
Chicago Defender advertising rates; Philadelphia Tribune article: "178 Black Newspapers Have 3.5 Million Circulation;" Amsterdam News advertising rates(March 16, 1971 - Dec 9, 1971)

Folder 10
Negro Market Miscellany
Ebony report, "The Vast Buying Power of Negro America for Your Products;" Letters from Johnson Publishing Company seeking advertising and explaining the power of the black market; Chart of Negro population and Ebony circulation in major cities; Chart, "Relative Rate of Growth in the Formation of Urban Husband-Wife and Single Person Households, 400% Negro, 161% White during the period 1950-56;" Ebony report, "Analysis of Negro Population and Median Income, including Ebony Magazine's Coverage, Penetration and Advertising Effectiveness;" "Daddy, What's a nigger?," advertisement for True Story; Various clippings on the Negro market and advertisements for Ebony and its effectiveness in reaching the Negro market; "Selling the New Negro Consumer," a talk by Dr. Frank G. Davis; "The Negroes' Contribution to General Business," by LeRoy W. Jeffries, VP, Johnson Publishing Company (June 1, 1957 - Oct 16, 1984)

Folder 11-12
Newspaper Circulation (2 folders)
Advertising Linage Service report, "General Advertising Special Classification Negro Newspapers in Selected Cities;" Chart of circulation of Negro newspapers; Afro-American Publisher's Statement for various cities; Correspondence between BB and D. Arnett Murphy, advertising director of Afro-American Newspapers; Various correspondence on advertising rates for newspapers; Booklet, "The Philadelphia Negro Market is Bigger than the Combined Cities of...;" Report, "1957 Consumer Analysis Baltimore Market;" "A Readership Study of the Baltimore Afro-American"(Nov 1, 1957 - Oct 31, 1963)

Folder 13
Negro Pharmacists
Various articles on black pharmacists; essay (and earlier drafts) on
opportunities in pharmacy for blacks by Burns & Bentley; Withers Swan Public Relations report, "Young Pharmacists Will Serve the Community"(March 29, 1965 - July 10, 1972)

Folder 14
Negro Radio
Various clippings on Negro radio; Report on Roundsaville Radio Stations: General and Specific Negro Market Data and Individual Station Information; Sponsor magazine ("The weekly magazine Radio/TV Advertisers Use")(Sept 28, 1957 - Oct 5, 1966)

Folder 15
Outdoor - Negro Market
Various correspondence on Negro market; map of Chicago; Report, "The Negro Market in the the Continuing Study and Analysis of Theatre Screen Advertising"(Nov 8, 1951 - Dec 6, 1957)

Folder 16
Personal Care
Ebony report, "The Potential for Personal Care Products in a $17 Billion Negro Market," by LeRoy Jeffries; Chart: "How the Rate of Spending by Negro Families for Personal Care Items Exceeds that of the General Market"(May 13, 1958)

Box 19

Folder 1-2
Race Racket (2 folders)
Article by Ben Burns, "The Race Racket;" Various clippings on racial extortion and fraud; Letter to Ray Kroc, President of McDonald's from Robert Turner, publisher of Bronze American National Travel Guide, angered about Kroc's treatment of Turner in his office;"Actual Reports on How Public Relations is Helping to Solve Race Relations Problems"Doris Black, "Racketeers in Race Relations," (published in November issue of Sepia and provides a response to letter to Ray Kroc); (Sept 20, 1963 - March 10, 1972)

Folder 3
The Sepia Story in Black and White
Sepia press kits. Letter from publisher, sales information, demographics

Folder 4
"The Negro Market for Men's Shoes" (Sept 1, 1961)

Folder 5
Research Department, JPC, "The Ebony Soap Market 1959" (Dec 1959)

Folder 6
Soft Drinks
"Soft Drinks: Present Distribution of Memphis Negro and White Households According to Brand Preference" (undated)

Folder 7-8
Statistics - Ebony (2 folders)
Publisher's statements; various letters regarding Ebony magazine statistics (advertising, city and county circulation); "Facts About the Ebony Audience in Major Central City Areas on Automobile Ownership and Automotive Products Preference;" clippings from Advertising Age (color advertising, pages and revenue figures)(June 30, 1957 - Jan 29, 1968)

Folder 9
Statistics - Negro Market
New York Times articles, "Census Portrays Shift of Negroes," "Many Negroes Take a Stride, but Millions Still Lag Behind," "Census Finds More Blacks in Suburbs of Large Cities," and "Census Totals Show Nation is Diverse as Never Before;" Chicago Sun Times, "Job Lack Mars City Negro-Welfare Rank," Chicago Tribune, "City black areas growing: census;" Advertising Age, "Negro Family is Better Market for Luxuries than White with Same Income, Study Says," U.S. Department of Labor, "The Economic Situation of Negroes in the United States," Chicago Tribune research division, "Negro Population Changes in the City of Chicago, 1950-1960," and other articles related to the Negro market(Jan 4, 1958 - Sept 6, 1981)

Folder 10
One ad in French; one drawing -- both with stereotyped images of blacks(undated)

Folder 11
Tuesday - Leonard Evans
Agreement with BB re: Tuesday supplement; copies of Tuesday supplement; articles from Advertising Age, Midwest Magazine re: advertising and TV syndication, Tuesday supplement, Leonard Evans, advertisement for Tuesday, Tuesday magazine (Dec 1965, Dec 1966, Sept 1965)

Folder 12
Charts of Negro consumption of distilled spirits, "The Negro Market for Straights," "What's Selling in the Urban Negro Alcoholic Beverage Market" (JPC); "Urban Negro Market for Liquor, Wine and Beer" (JPC); Articles reprinted from Liquor Trade Weekly, "The Negro Market Analysis--Offers Little Stability for a Brand; Buys in a Fashion, Price Chief Factor," and "The Negro Newspapers', Magazines' Answer to Negro Market Analysis;" Portrait of the Urban Negro Household"(undated)

Subseries B: Interracial Marriage and Multiracial Identity

Box 20

Folder 1
Blassingame, Lurton
Correspondence between BB and LB re: an anthology titled "Love Across the Color Line" and BB's introduction to a book on mixed marriages(1955 - 1965)

Folder 2
Interracial Articles
Various articles re: increasing numbers of multiracial people, interracial adoption, interracial marriage increases, interracial romance in films(1978 - 1997)

Folder 3-5
Mixed Marriage (3 folders)
Various articles including:"Again, Black Women Score Black Men Over White Women," List of "black notables who wed whites,""The Mixed Marriage Explosion,""Mixed Marriage Children Play an Integration Role," "White woman wed to black can keep kids," "Interracial marriages up sharply," "Intermarriages up 63% in '60's,""The broad ancestry of famous blacks" by Vernon Jarrett, Census Reports, several articles on Peter Finch and his marriage to Jamaica Eletha, Soul articles and letters to the editor for "Interracial Love Part Two: It Ain't Always 'Good Times,' "Ups and Downs of Black/White Love," "How the Stars Cope with Interracial Love," "Can Interracial Love Survive in Hollywood?," "Famous Negro Sons of White Fathers: Many mixed offspring of unions of Southern whites and Negro mistresses have achieved lasting distinction in American public life," by Edward T. Clayton (published in Ebony, July 1950), Article about Sidney Poitier and Joanna Shimkus (untitled), by Doc Young (written for Sepia magazine)(July 1, 1950 - June 2, 1981)

Folder 6
Mixed Marriage Big Name - Comment
Various clippings (several from Jet) on intermarriage including: "Claim Intermarriage to Cause Various Races to Disappear;" "The Real Africa: Heart Before Politics, An Interview with Graham Greene;" 'Historian Predicts Intermarriage of Races," "Truman Hopes for Taboo on Mixed Couples"(1958 - 1970)

Folder 7
Mixed Marriage - Children
Various clippings including: series of articles titled, "These are Inter-Racial Children," "Transracial Adoptions Grow," "Integration on the Family Level: Whites Adopt Negro Children," "A Little Boy Helps to Ease Family Prejudice," "Interracial Children -- The Question...Who Am I?"(1964 - 1967)

Folder 8
Mixed Marriage - Church
Clippings on interracial marriage and opinions within the church(1965 - 1966)

Folder 9-10
Mixed Marriage - Examples, Experiences (2 folders)
Clippings on interracial marriage including specific stories (couple that was fired from their jobs because of their marriage); "Are There Boundary Lines in Love? Five True Stories," by William Peters; "How interracial couples live: while white hostility appears to be on the decline, families report growing resentment among Negroes," series of articles on mixed marriage published in New York Post Daily Magazine; "Detroit Couples Prove that Interracial Marriages can be Successful," by Isaac Jones (manuscript); Interracial Adoption Successful in Toronto(1955 - 1973)

Folder 11-13
Mixed Marriage - Examples Top Names (3 folders)
Various articles on famous interracial couples and clippings that discuss interracial marriage more generally(1967 - 1975)

Box 21

Folder 1
Mixed Marriage - Fiction
Reviews of books about interracial marriage, short stories including "Sugar Brown" by Langston Hughes and "The Hungry Lovers" by Chester Himes published in Duke(1964 - 1967)

Folder 2
Mixed Marriage - Foreign '61
Various articles: interracial dating on soap operas, reports of increasing numbers of interracial marriage, article about the "Jackson Whites," "Interracial Marriage is a Sometime Thing," The New York Times Magazine (June 9, 1968); "Black and White Together," by Susan Brownmiller, World Journal Tribune (September 25, 1966); "Objections Declining in U.S. to Interracial Marriages," New York Herald Tribune (June 2, 1961)

Folder 3
Mixed Marriage - General
Various articles

Folder 4

Mixed Marriage - History"The real Casanova: A reappraisal of an extraordinary reputation," by John Masters (undated)

Folder 5
Mixed Marriage - Jet magazine
Articles on mixed marriages(Oct 5, 1967 - Dec 14, 1972)

Folder 6-7
Mixed Marriage - Legal (2 folders)
Various articles on struggles of mixed couples (fight for house); "Slave Descendant Fights Race Listing;" "Custody of 4 Orphans Takes on Racial Tone;" "Charge Bias in Lake Building;" "Mixed marriage ban thrown out;" "Mixed Marriage Wife Gets Back Pay;" "Deny Marriage License for Mixed Couple;" "First Mixed Marriage in South Carolina;" (many articles on repeal of miscegenation laws), "Race, Sex and the Supreme Court," by Anthony Lewis (in The New York Times Magazine); "Interracial Marriage and the Law," by William D. Zabel; (1963 - 1982)

Folder 8
Mixed Marriage - Opinions
Various clippings including: articles from Jet; "Ali Calls Race Separation the 'only hope' for Negro," "Teens Advised To Go Slow on Mixed Marriage;" letters to the editor in Ebony magazine; Doris Saunders' "Confetti" column in Defender about objections of black women to increasing number of black men with white wives in public office; "Negro Parents Don't Like Mixed Marriages," Chicago Defender (November 19-25, 1966); "Mixed Marriages: What the Negro Thinks," Chicago Sun Times (May 25, 1964); "Toynbee on America," "Henry and Violet are doing okay," review of Intermarriage by Robert Coles, Book Week (June 21, 1964); review of White over Black by C. Vann Woodward, New York Times Book Review (March 31, 1968); "Was Lincoln Just a Honkie?" by Herbert Mitgang, New York Times Magazine (February 11, 1968); "Was Abe Lincoln a White Supremacist?" by Lerone Bennett Jr., Ebony (February 1968)(April 23, 1964 - Dec 21, 1968)

Folder 9
Mixed Marriage - Science
Various articles including: "Intermarriage Improves the Breed," "Light Skin, Dark Skin: Geneticists View the Race Problem," "World Scientists OK Interracial Marriage"(1965 - 1968)

Folder 10
Mixed Marriage - Sex
Various articles including "Disturber of the Peace: James Baldwin," "Sinner Sanctum" by George Schuyler(1963 - 1967)

Folder 11
Mixed Marriage - Stage Movies
Various articles on plays addressing interracial marriage (including the staging of "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner?" and "The Great White Hope," a play about boxer Jack Johnson's life)(1967 - 1972)

Folder 12
Mixed Marriages - Statistics
"Reading: Lust across the Color Line," by Brent Staples, Chicago Reader (January 9, 1981), "Children of Interracial Marriage," "Hostility to mixed marriage drops in the United States"(1968 - 1984)

Folder 13
Mixed Marriage-Violence
Three articles regarding threats of violence directed at mixed couples(July 27, 1965 - Oct 6, 1966)

Subseries C: Dawson/Dickerson Materials, 1938-1970

Box 22

Folder 1
Dickerson P.R./"News from EBD," #3
Weekly newsletter (Nov 14, 1941)

Folder 2
Voice of the First Congressional District, Oct 29, 1938
Articles on Dawson

Folder 3
Dickerson for Congress
Letter rallying support for Dickerson from Willard Townsend (undated)

Folder 4
Earl Dickerson campaign materials - 1942
Correspondence, biography, platform, pamphlets, campaign materials

Folder 5
Dickerson v. Dawson flyer, 1942

Folder 6
"Ebony/Jet/Tan" handkerchief

Folder 7
Earl B. Dickerson - clippings, brochure, correspondence/1942

Folder 8
Voice of the 2nd Ward, Feb 12, 1938
Articles on Senator William King and William Dawson as candidate for Congress

Folder 9
The Voice, Nov 2, 1940
Front page headline, "Republicans Concede Roosevelt's Election"

Folder 10
Second Ward Voice, March 14, 1942
Front page headline, "The Nation Rallies Behind F.D.R. - We Must Win This War"

Folder 11
Second Ward Voice, March 21, 1942
"2nd Warders Fight to Establish - Rent Ceiling; Back FDR's Program Against Rising Prices"

Folder 12
Second Ward Voice, March 28, 1942
Front page headline: "'Crush Roosevelt Haters at Polls,' McKeough Asks"

Folder 13
The Voice, Oct 10, 1942?
"Thousands Wildly Cheer -- Raymond S. McKeough -- A Fearless Friend of the Negro"

Folder 14
People's Voice, April, 11, 1942
"FDR Needs Him: Send Dickerson to Congress"

Folder 15
First District Voice, Oct 10, 1942
"McKeough Fights for Negro Rights"

Folder 16
First District Voice, Oct 17, 1942
"Keep Food Prices Down," Dawson

Folder 17
The Voice, April 4, 1942
"Thousands Wildly Cheer - Raymond S. McKeough - A Fearless Friend of the Negro"

Folder 18
First District Voice, Oct 24, 1942
"McKeough Election Will Assure Anti-Lynching Law"

Folder 19
First District Voice, Oct 31, 1942
"Vote American! Send McKeough to U.S. Senate"

Folder 20
Arthur Mitchell Congressional campaign brochure, 1938
Campaign materials

Folder 21
"Dorothy Thompson Says Roosevelt," 1940
Campaign materials

Folder 22
From Rockford Morning Star, Aug 28, 1941, "Trask Bridge picnic"
Clippings on Klan, article by Walter Winchell (Aug 15, 1942)

Folder 23
The Spotlight (Downstate Negro Democratic League), Oct 3, 1942

"Wayland and the Wizard Speak at Ku Klux Meeting"; ad for McKeough

Folder 24
The Spotlight (Downstate Negro Democratic League), Oct 17, 1942
"Protect Your Country, Home and Life...Elect McKeough U.S. Senator"

Folder 25
Ad for Raymond McKeough for Senator (Indep. Voters Cte of Ill), 1942

Folder 26
Republican Party ads (Nat'l Negro Council), Oct 1942
Political cartoon, "The Man Who Fights for His Country has a Right to Vote"; clippings

Folder 27
Earl B. Dickerson news releases, 1941 - 1942

Folder 28
"It Did Happen Here," Benjamin Adamowski, 1942

Folder 29
"Message to the Youth of Illinois," Indep. Voters of Illinois, 1942
McKeough campaign materials

Folder 30
News from Earl B. Dickerson (Wkly Newsletter), Oct 31, 1941 - March 31, 1942

Folder 31
Illinois Election Campaign Committee brochure (Communist Party), 1942
"Back Him...with Your Vote," political handbook

Folder 32
"Negro Writers" - Memo from L. Hughes, c. 1950
List of Negro Writers from Langston Hughes

Folder 33
Dawson C. Tribune, Jan 12, 1955
"And So Dawson Doesn't Like Kennelly"

Folder 34
Dawson C Daily News, Feb 1, 1955
"Target Dawson"

Folder 35
Dawson Tribune, Feb 2, 1955
"Mayor Kennelly and Rep. Dawson"

Folder 36
Dawson C. Tribune, Feb 3, 1955
Article re: Dawson taking gifts from gamblers

Folder 37
Dawson Sun-Times, Feb 9, 1955
"Meet Rp. Bill Dawson - S. Side Powerhouse"

Folder 38
Dawson Tribune, Feb 15, 1955
"N.U.'s Records Fail to Show Dawson Degree"

Folder 39
Dawson Chicago, 6/55
"The Boss of Bronzeville," (June 1955)

Folder 40
Dawson Afro, Sept 24, 1955
"Ex-Shoeshine Boy Runs Largest Committee"

Folder 41
Dawson C Defender, July 7, 1956
"Dawson's Speech on Bias Clause"

Folder 42
Dawson Afro, Aug 11, 1956
"Bill Dawson: Congressman, scholar, wearer of bow ties, lover of poetry, home and family"

Folder 43
Dawson Collier's, Aug 17, 1956
"The Negro voter: Can he elect a President?"

Folder 44
Dawson C Tribune, Oct 12, 1956
"Question for Negro Voters" (Oct 12, 1956)

Folder 45
Dawson C Tribune, Oct 21, 1956
"Voters Revolt Against Reign of Rep. Dawson"

Folder 46
Dawson C Sun-Times, Jan 15, 1959
"Rep. Dawson Raps President for 'Passive' Race-Bias Policy"

Folder 47
Dawson P. Courier, Jan 17, 1959
"Congressman W.L. Dawson, the Democratic Stalwart"

Folder 48
Dawson C Sun-Times, Jan 25, 1959
"Dawson Helps Tilt Power to South in Vital House Group"

Folder 49
Dawson C Sun-Times, Feb 22, 1959
"Three Dawson Proteges Expected to Win Council Seats"

Folder 50
Dawson Sun-Times, May 26, 1960
"The Negro in Chicago: Vote Power Key to Recognition"

Folder 51
Dawson Sun-Times, Oct 30, 1960
"Question: How Will City's 750,000 Negroes Vote?"

Folder 52
Dawson Chicago's American, Nov 9, 1960
"City Negroes Deliver Vote to Democrats"

Folder 53
Dawson C Daily, Nov 1, 1960
"Rep. Dawson a Shoo-in in South Side's First District;" "Why They're Smearing Congressman Dawson"

Folder 54
Dawson NY Post, Nov 9, 1960
"Negro Voters Came Back to Democratic Ranks"

Folder 55
Dawson C Daily News, Nov 23, 1960
Articles re: fraud in 2nd district (Nov 22 - 24, 1960)

Folder 56
Dawson C Crusader, Dec 3, 1960

Folder 57
Dawson Chicago Scene, Sept. 1963
"More and Better Black Faces, Daddy: Good-by Mister Charlie"

Folder 58
Dawson C Daily News, Sept 12, 1963
"Dawson Machine Rolls On; 'Burial' Notices Premature"

Folder 59
Dawson D Daily News, Dec 10, 1960
"Dawson's Record Should Keep Him Out of Cabinet"

Folder 60
Dawson C Crusader, Dec 17, 1960
"Why They're Smearing Dawson;" "Dawson Didn't Foul Up Chicago Branch NAACP"

Folder 61
Dawson C Tribune, Oct 5, 1961
"Rep. Dawson Denies an Empty Threat"

Folder 62
Dawson Chicago's American Dream, Feb 14, 1962
"Challenges Dawson 'Invincible Myth'"

Folder 63
Dawson Afro, Feb 16, 1963
"Congressman Dawson says Physical Fitness comes When a Man's Soul is Free"

Folder 64
Dawson C Daily News, Feb 11, 1964
"Dawson's District Tops in Negro Ratio"

Folder 65
Dawson C Sun-Times, June 21, 1970
"Dawson honored; he's in a hospital"

Folder 66
Dawson Obituaries, Nov 1970
"Rep. William L. Dawson dies at 84"

Folder 67
Dawson Jet, Nov 26, 1970
"Nation Mourns Dawson's Death as Capitol Flag Flies at Half-Mast"

Folder 68
Dawson [n.d.]
Various clippings (undated)

Folder 69
Progressive Party
Flyers for Progressive Party candidates (including Dorothy Bushnell Cole for Congress, Henry Wallace for President and Pauline Kigh Reed for Secretary of State) and explanation of Progressive Party platform

Subseries D: Travel

Box 23

Folder 1
1968-9 RR/Ship Etc
Receipts, maps, guides to Rabat(1968)

Folder 2
Clippings from Chicago Daily News, "Guess who's in Pakistan? Wilmette pair and Beech" and "Going Native, Eating Yak..."(April 1969)

Folder 3
Travel documents(1973 - 1974)

Folder 4
Notes on travels in Africa (loose travel journal); letters detailing trips(1977 - 1978)

Folder 5

Folder 6
African Art
Articles by Esther and Ben Burns re: African Art(1979)

Folder 7
African Cruise

Folder 8
Articles - Afghanistan, Tunisia, Colonial Africa, Persian gardens

Folder 9
Asia Articles
Various articles re: traveling from Istanbul to Katmandu, Kabul, traveling overland to India, the "Silk Route"(1968 - 1997)

Folder 10
Asia - Europe Trip '68 - '69
National Geographic article on Alexander the Great, BB's notes, materials from British Information Services (1968)

Folder 11
Asia - Hotel Bills - 1969
Hotel bills

Folder 12-13
Bills - 1973 (2 folders)
Vehicle registration or documents related to entering and exiting Afghanistan?, receipts, pamphlet on Volkswagen Campmobile

Folder 14
Bills - 1974, Travel
Travel-related bills(1974)

Folder 15
Travel documents(1974)

Folder 16
Information re: Casablanca (1977 - 1978)

Folder 17
Essay written by Esther and Ben Burns re: Elmina, Ghana; proposed article on 500th anniversary of Elmina (1977 - 1982)

Folder 18
Europe 73/74
Travel documents (various documents including receipts, registrations and permits for the car, tickets, hotel information, repairs for car, menus, etc.)

Folder 19
Europe Hotels - 1969
Receipts from hotels in Europe(1968 - 1969)

Folder 1-3
Ghana (3 folders)
BB's article on Ghana, various published articles on Ghana (1990)Article by BB on Ghana, various published articles on Ghana including "Volta: The Story of Ghana's Volta River Project" (booklet), copies of the Ghanaian Times(1978)

Folder 4
Travel documents(1973)

Folder 5
Travel documents(1952?)

Folder 6
Travel receipts

Folder 7-9
Morocco (2 folders)
Tourist maps, various clippings, Odyssey Tours brochure, National Geographic

Folder 10-11
Morocco/Tunisia (2 folders)
Various clippings; handwritten notes(1968 - 1998)Boston Globe and New York Times articles on Morocco

Folder 12
NU African Collection
Correspondence between BB and David Easterbrook, curator of NU Library of African Studies re: BB's African diary, collection of African pieces, classes in African history at SOAS(1996 - 1997)

Folder 13
Travel documents(1973)

Box 25

Folder 1
Ship Transport/Shopping
Receipts, travel information, information on BB's Volkswagen (shipping a vehicle)(1968 - 1969)

Folder 2
Receipts and correspondence with School for Oriental and African Studies (London) (1968)

Folder 3
Thailand, Bali
Travel documents(1974)

Folder 4
Article by Esther and Ben Burns re: Togo, assorted published articles on Togo(1978)

Folder 5
Travel Clippings, General
"Cruising the St. Lawrence, Era by Era," (August 1, 1993)

Folder 6
Travel documents
Includes loose pages of Esther Burns' travel journal, itinerary and materials related to a cruise and overland tour

Folder 7-9
Turkey (3 folders)
Travel documents, travel guides, clippings and articles about Turkey (1969 - 1998)


Box 26


Folder 1-2

Affirmative Action (2 folders)
Various clippings (including some book reviews) re: ethnic studies and Ward Connerly; "Breaking Thurgood Marshall’s Promise" by A. Leon Higginbotham; background on Ward Connerly; "The Failure of Racial Preferences" by Ward Connerly and Newt Gringrich; excerpts from Dole’s address on affirmative action; "Taking Affirmative Action Apart" by Nicholas Lemann; white man rage; "Planet of the White Guys" by Barbara Ehrenreich; BB’s letter to the editor ( NY Times ), "Why all the fuss about affirmative action?"
(1991 – 1998)

Handwritten notes (undated)

Folder 3-4

Africa (2 folders)
Various clippings (and book reviews) re: Mauritania’s 90,000 slaves; French forces in Africa; dictators in Africa; Mandela; U.S. proposal for all-African peacekeeping force; "A Few Good Reasons to Start Caring about Africa;" "How Europeans Cut Up Africa;" "On Slavery, Africans Say the Guilt is Theirs, Too;" material by Beryl Markham; "Out of Africa and into the Living Room" (collecting African art); black journalists writing about Africa; "Our Africa" by Jeffrey Goldberg; "Seeing South Africa as the U.S.A., 1954"
(1992 - 1998 )

Folder 5

Africa Books
Reviews (undated)

Folder 6

Africa -- General
Encyclopedia par L’image Les Colonies Francaises; newspaper articles; "Aggrey of Africa;" correspondence with Al White

Folder 7

Africa – Restrictions on the Press
Ray Moseley, "Africa: Where a Free Press Suffers from Wawa"

Folder 8

Ali, Muhammed
"Age Hasn’t Cooled the Fire Inside Ali" by Ira Berkow
(April 28, 1985)

Folder 9

Various newspaper clippings

Box 27


Folder 1

Quotes on anti-Semitism by Jesse Jackson, the ADL and Andrew Young; articles in the New Yorker (re: anti-Semitism as an "unfortunate result" of the civil rights movement and Jackie Mason) ; editorial by Jesse Jackson published in the Chicago Jewish Star, "Common Tears, Shared Destinies," (Jan 22 - Feb 4, 1993, published in honor of Martin Luther King Day); newspaper articles and editorials on Louis Farrakhan and anti-Semitism in Chicago; "A New Jesse? Rev. Jackson Says He Wants to Reach Out to the Jewish Community. But Many are Wary," by James Besser published in JUF News (April 1993)
(1988 – 1994)

Folder 2

Quote by Barbara Jordan: "Assimilation was never the goal of the diverse ethnic groups in America. Inclusion without discomfort is now and ever will be the goal…The idea of a melting pot was and remains a myth;" clipping from New Yorker re: Walt Whitman applauding the state constitution of Oregon that excluded blacks ("Who believes that the Whites and Blacks can ever amalgamate in America?..."); article on Barbara Jordan (includes above quote) in Stagebill

Folder 3

Clippings and article in the Chicago Reader re: atheists
(April 5, 1985)

Folder 4

Bauman Rare Books
Ads and catalog

Folder 5

Being Black
Quote by Eddy Harris: "What black men do to other black men is no better than what white men do, and no better because it is done by blacks," various articles re: Jamaica Kincaid, book on William F. Buckley, Glenn Loury, talking about race, Soul Train, Spike Lee’s movie "Malcolm X," The Southern Review, the "underclass," review of Marian Wright Edelman’s book, The Measure of Our Success, article about Julian Bond -- "A lot of liberals are tired of black people. We’re not as hip as we used to be," Jackie Robinson, list of quotes on "Being Black"; two typed pages with corrections to a text (?)
(1972 – 1996)

Folder 6

Bias – Foreign
Various articles re: Miss Italy - Dominican immigrant, integration in France, black Britons, Brazil and ancestral lands, racial hatred in Europe, anniversary of abolition in Brazil, State Department attache, Frank Snowden, Mexico’s denial of racism, Black London (by Henry Louis Gates)
(1956 – 1996)

Folder 7

Articles including: "Hate Story: Farrakhan’s still at it," (New Republic, May, 30, 1988); "Academic Freedom and Racial Theories," (New York Times, May 3, 1990); "Sweden’s Nasty, Sexist, Racist Genius," (New York Times Book Review, Sept. 1, 1985, on August Strindberg); "Nakasone’s World-Class Blunder," (Time, Oct. 6, 1986); one page of Response (includes articles on David Duke and stereotyped Jews in New Testament video)
(1985 – 1990)

Box 28


Folder 1

Black Books and Writing by Author
Various articles and book reviews of books by black authors
(1990 – 1996)

Folder 2

Black Bookstores
Article on black bookstores, listings of black book publishers and book stores

Folder 3

Black English
"A Fear of Metaphors," (New York Times Magazine, July 14, 1985); "Guide explores secret language of black slang," (Marin Independent Journal, March 20, 1994 -- with handwritten note at top: "Ben--For inspiration in case you decide to publish a reference book of quotes or whatever and for your general interest in the language -- Judi"
(1985, 1994)

Folder 4-5

Blacks in the Arts (2 folders)
Various clippings re: multicultural books; theatrical production of Black No More; book reviews on books on affirmative action; "The Beauty of Black Art;" "Sexism, Racism and Black Women Writers" by Mel Watkins; "A Black Panther’s Long Journey" (about Elaine Brown); Stanley Crouch; (assorted articles about black television and film stars, musicians, intellectuals -- Lena Horne to Amos ’n Andy to Stanley Crouch; book reviews about Local People and the civil rights movement; reviews of key books on black history (Local People, and contemporary books like Makes Me Wanna Holler; Trouble in Mind )
(1991 – 1998)

Folder 6

Blacks in Business
Articles including: “The Big Three and Black America," “Fast Food Workers Allowed to Wear Braids," “Pool of Qualified Blacks Expands, but Very Few Sit on Corporate Boards," “Between Two Worlds" (about the black middle class)
(1989 – 1997)

Folder 7-8

Black Politics ( 2 folders)
Various articles re: affirmative action debate, black men barred from voting (portrait of the electorate); GOP courts black vote; conservative blacks; Harold Washington, Kweisi Mfume
(1991 – 1997)

Folder 9

Black Stereotypes - Words - Language
Various clippings re: Martin Lawrence, Aunt Jemima’s makeover; Bert Williams; relics of racism; Japanese racial attitudes; shift to term "African American"
(1988 – 1997)

Box 29


Folder 10

Black Studies
“Race, Revolution and Cricket," a review of the C.L.R. James Reader in the New York Times Book Review

Folder 11

Black Upper Class in Chicago
Excerpt from Our Kind of People: Inside America’s Black Upper Class by Lawrence Otis Graham
(January 24, 1999)

Folder 12

"Many Blacks Shut Out of Brazil’s Racial ’Paradise,’" New York Times (June 5, 1978)

Folder 13

British -- Race & General
Various newspaper clippings; "Life in America -- as seen by visiting Europeans"

Folder 14

"80-Year Tide of Migration by Blacks Out of the South Has Turned Around" ( New York Times ); "Capital Rally to Recall Dr. King and His Dream" ( New York Times ); quote by Rev. Joseph Lowery: "We won the battle to sit on the customer’s side of the lunch counter, but we are still fighting the battle to get on the cash register side of the counter."
(1988, 1989)

Folder 15

Clips Used for Books
Various clippings including articles re: "Waiting for Lefty," NYU, review of "Canarsie," Princeton tribute to Norman Thomas, the Ptolemies library in Egypt, obituary of Joseph Lash, review of "The Windsor Style," Suzanne de Passe, seltzer, Cuba, Chicago Tribune Sunday Magazine , "Remembering Nelson Algren"
1968 – 1989 (mostly 1984 – 1989)

Folder 16

Various articles re: African American Studies at Harvard, low enrollment numbers of blacks at Northwestern, ethnic dorms at Cornell, hiring and tenure policies, admissions, whites at black colleges
(1981 – 1986)

Folder 17

Untitled article from Time magazine about race relations
(May 11, 1953)

Folder 18

Communists - People
Various articles about the Communist Party generally and people involved in the Communist party (including obituaries): Louise Patterson (Harlem Renaissance figure), Al Richmond, Carl Bernstein’s parents, Agnes Smedley, John Rossen and about books written about the Communist Party including: Red: A Biography of Red Smith, Queen of Bohemia: The Life of Louise Bryant, Not Without Honor: The History of American Anticommunism
(1969 – 1996; but mostly from 1980s and 1990s)

Letter to "Lew and Lil" from BB that describes BB’s relationship with the Communist Party after the war
(April 22, 1955)

Folder 19

CP Background
Program for "Writers as Workers: A 50-year Retrospective of the Illinois Writers Project, 1935 - 1939;" various clippings on Communist Party
(1975 – 1996)

Folder 20

Various articles including: "Rise is Found in Hate Crimes Committed by Blacks," increasing violent crime statistics, black-on-black crime
(1985 – 1993)

Various articles re: OJ Simpson, shooting of a 17-year-old football star, LA riots
(1987 – 1997)

Folder 21

Ebony Clips
Various articles re: Linda Johnson Rice and her 1984 wedding to Andre Rice, John H Johnson, Robert Johnson (obituary), Moneta Sleet (obituary), Diane Montgomery (obituary), Johnson awarded with Medal of Freedom by President Clinton, Era Bell Thompson (obituary), Ebony ’s 50th anniversary
(1982 – 1998)

Folder 22

Ellison, Ralph
Article on pianist Andre Watts, various quotes on hatred
(1977 - )

Folder 23

Two quotes by Booker T. Washington: "Let down your bucket;" "The opportunity to earn a dollar in a factory…is worth infinitely more than the opportunity to spend a dollar in an opera house."

Folder 24

Various articles re: "Amos ’n Andy," growing number of black stars in Hollywood, nostalgia for blaxploitation films, Lena Horne
(1995 – 1997)

Folder 25

Tocqueville quote: "I do not think that the white and black races will ever be brought anywhere to live on a footing of equality…" Cited in Time magazine article; quote by William Lloyd Garrison: "Wherever there is a human being, I see God-given rights inherent in that being, whatever may be the sex or complexion."
(1982 -)

Folder 26

Female Circumcision
Article published in Emerge , September 1996

Folder 27

Article on pianist Andre Watts, various quotes on hatred
(1977 - )

Folder 28-29

History (2 folders)
Article about racial antipathies in Spain; review of book on the Know Nothings
(1987 - )

Various articles and book reviews -- Slave Counterpoint, comparing the suffering of Jews and blacks, Amistad, Slaves in the Family, King family disputes over archive, Reconstruction, Detroit Museum of African American History, Monticello, Tulsa race riot, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, Underground Railroad, Medgar Evers, commemoration of civil rights movement in museums in Memphis, Atlanta and Birmingham
(1986 – 1998)

Folder 30

Horne, Lena

New York Times article, "Lena Horne: Aloofness Hid the Pain, Until Time Cooled Her Anger," (May 3, 1981)

Folder 31

Various clippings and article on Andrew Young and review of books in Penguin Lives of Modern Women volume
(1977 – 1993)

Folder 32

Articles re: Ralph Bunche and King’s Dream ("America Still Haunted by Problems of Black Poor"
(1986 – 1988)

Box 30

Folder 1

Various articles re: John Hope Franklin (reflections on his 80th birthday), "Years on the Road to Integration: New Views on an Old Goal," review of Studs Terkel’s book Race: How Blacks and Whites Think and Feel about the American Obsession , Jesse Helms hires James Meredith as a domestic policy adviser
(1989 – 1995)

"Integration Has Had its Day," by Glenn Loury (editorial published in the New York Times )
(April 23, 1997)

Folder 2

Quotes on intermarriage by Elijah Muhammad and Stokley Carmichael; article: "Blacks Found Lagging Despite Gains"
(1989 - )

Folder 3

Jackson, Jesse
Article on Jesse Jackson and corporate protests, two profiles of Jesse Jackson
(1992, 1996)

Folder 4-5

Jews (2 folders)
Two articles re: black-Jewish relations; quotes on black-Jewish relations by James Baldwin, Harry Belafonte, Leonard Dinnerstein, Louis Farrakhan, Lu Palmer, Richard Wright
(1990 - )

Folder 6

Various clippings re: memory
(1981 – 1987)

Folder 7

Smithsonian article, "’Gone up North, Gone out West, Gone!,’" by Jon Cohen
(May 1987)

Folder 8

Various articles re: minority radio and television station owners, Spike Lee, Charles Burnett, Rosewood, Love Jones, Ossie Davis, reality and stereotypes on black television programs, John Singleton
(1991 – 1997)

Folder 9-10

Music (2 folders)
Pamphlets and information on music festivals, performances and entertainment, various articles re: rap, Sister Souljah, black critique of "hard core" rap lyrics, Suge Knight, black conductors
(1992 – 1996)

Folder 11

Various articles re: Ben Chavis and NAACP, sexism and the NAACP
(1994 - )

Folder 12

New Yorker article on Harry Belafonte; quote by Eleanor Roosevelt: "We hope that the bright and cheerful faces of little Negroes, happy in their schools, may never be clouded by the knowledge that equality is not always as real as it sounds, even in this land of freedom;" article (editorial) by John Steinbeck on America’s expectations of Negroes
(New Yorker article – 1996; other materials are undated)

Folder 13

Article on Frederick Douglass, selecting a new schools chancellor in New York (9/21/1995), Willie Brown, quote by Flannery O’Connor: "If James Baldwin were white, nobody would stand him for a minute" ( New York Times Book Review, 8/21/88)
(other materials are undated)

Box 31

Folder 1

Clippings on PR and Ben Bentley, Jack O’Dwyer’s Newsletter (“The Inside News of Public Relations")
(1986 – 1995)

Folder 2

Excerpt from Shylock’s speech in The Merchant of Venice (I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes/ hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions….); article about military opposition to Truman’s plans to desegregate (compared to Clinton’s plan to lift ban on gays; quotes from Charlotte Bronte and Thoreau on prejudice
(1992 – 1993)

Folder 3

Book review of The Federal Government’s Investigation of the Black Press During World War II; letter to the editor re: John Russwurm and Samuel Cornish’s newspaper, Freedom’s Journal, which predated Douglass’ North Star by 20 years; quotes about the press
(1986 – 1987)

Folder 4

Publishing/Writing (General)
Clippings including: Chicago Reader article, "Murdoch’s Man in Chicago;"
Nicholas Tomalin, "A Career in Journalism: Stop the Press, I Want to Get On;" "Hugh Hefner: He achieved success by fulfilling his teenage fantasies;"
Chris Welles, "The Battle for Control of the Daily News "
(March 21, 1975 – Feb 24, 1984)

Folder 5

Quote from Bill Bradley; list of quotes for Africa, Anti-Semitism, Jews, Slavery; additional quotes; article, "The U.S. Negro, 1953;" Nat Hentoff, "Through the Racial Looking Glass," published in Playboy (July 1962); book review of The European Tribe by Caryl Philipps
(1962 -- )

Folder 6

Various articles re: Clinton’s race panel, Noel Ignatiev and the "abolition of whiteness," Kenneth Clark’s article, "No. No. Race, Not Class, is Still at the Wheel," published in the New York Times (March 22, 1978), letter to the editor re: Darwin’s discussion of slaves in Brazil, interview with Cornel West, review of book on Frederick Douglass, "The Tallest Fence: Feelings on Race in a White Neighborhood," interview with Colin Powell, interview with Mark Mathabane, article discussing the "predicaments of blacks and gays" by Henry Louis Gates, ; quotes by Frederick Douglass, Edwin Embree, Winston Churchill, William Dawson
(1988 – 1998)

Folder 7

Race clippings -- various
Various articles and book reviews re: the black press, Encarta Africana , race and the military, ethnic categories, race and the media, the black middle class, “reverse discrimination," list of ethnic/multicultural magazines, black newspaper index

(1976 - 1999)

Folder 8

Race - General
Various articles including: John Hope Franklin and Clinton’s national discussion on race; "Black Scholars View Society With a Prism of Race;" "Black Soldiers Wrestling with Questions of Race and Justice; "Grappling with the One-Drop Rule" (Tiger Woods); O.J. Simpson case; editorials on race; "Integration Turns 40: The New Segregation" by Juan Williams; afrocentrism; multiculturalism; "The New Black Suburbs;" Goetz; Sister Souljah
(1978 – 1997)

New Yorker , "Black in America"
(April 29 & May 6, 1996)

Eleanor Roosevelt, "If I Were a Negro, Freedom: Promise or Fact"
(1944 - )

Folder 9

Various articles including: Orlando Patterson on race, Melville Hersokovits on African heritage, racism and poverty
(1994 – 1997)

Folder 10

Religion - Muslims
Various clippings re: religion and Muslims, Ben Chavis joins Nation of Islam; Peter Gomes; Louis Farrakhan
(1977 – 1997)

Folder 11

Roosevelt, Eleanor, “If I Were a Negro"

Folder 12

Various articles re: discussion about theater between playwright August Wilson and critic Robert Brustein, article on Kenneth Clark, "The Cult of Ethnicity, Good and Bad" by Arthur Schlessinger, MLK’s "I Have a Dream" speech; quotes by Booker T. Washington
(1982 – 1997)

Folder 13

Review of Cornel West’s Race Matter s ( New York Times Book Review, May 16, 1993)

Folder 14

Skin Color
Various articles on subjects including: Norton Anthology of African American Literature, theatrical adaptation of Delany sisters’ "Having Our Say" starring Mary Alice, Mark Twain’s racial attitudes, interrelatedness of blacks and whites in America, Louise Nevelson, Fannie Lou Hamer, "colorism" in black society, South Africa, James Baldwin’s obituary in New York Times (Dec. 2, 1987)
(1985 – 1997)

Folder 15

Review of August Wilson’s "Seven Guitars;" quotes on slavery
(June 18, 2005)

Book reviews and articles re: slavery and slave trade; "African Slave Trade: The Cruelest Commerce" in National Geographic (September 1992)
(1977 – 1993)

Folder 16

Various clippings re: Atlanta; progress of "New South"
(1994 – 1998)

Memo by Lerone Bennett re: trip south with Mike Shea (Jim Crow practices)

Folder 17

Excerpt of an article on sports (and "Hoop Dreams"?)
(Oct 9, 1994)

Various clippings re: boxing, basketball; Tiger Woods; Jackie Robinson; black swimmers
(1995 – 1997)

Folder 18

Racial disparities in health care; multiracial census category; the economy; Newsweek cover story, "A World Without Fathers: The Struggle to Save the Black Family;" (August 30, 1993)
(1993 – 1998)

Folder 19

Quotes by Whoopi Goldberg, Phil Collins and John Fowles

Folder 20

Various articles re: Kenneth Clark, famous quotations, Claude McKay’s poetry and quotes
(1992 – 1995)

Folder 21

White Supremacy
Time magazine article on Public Enemy
(Nov 11, 1991)

Folder 22

Word Origins
Various clippings re: language (including several of William Safire’s column, "On Language"); article re: "Negro Termed an ’Uncle Tom’ is Granted Libel Award in Ohio," article about removing the word "nigger" from the names of brooks, hills and islands in Maine, discussion of term "Afro-American," vs. "African American;" William Julius Wilson and "the underclass"; "creole," "jazz," "Chitling" Test in Jet magazine (1967); "Tasteful update: White lace collar replaces Aunt Jemima’s bandanna;" (1989); Aunt Jemima (1963 – 1996)

Series IV. Photographs, 1948 – 1960s

Box 32
Photo #
and Photograph Description

001 Esther Burns, Haitian President Dumarsais Estimé, Eunice Johnson, Ben Burns and John H. Johnson during a trip to Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

002 Esther Burns, John Johnson, Eunice Johnson, Ben Burns and Haitian hosts in Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

003 Esther Burns in Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

004 Haitian hosts with John Johnson, Esther Burns, Eunice Johnson and Ben Burns, eating dessert in Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

005 Haitian hosts with Esther Burns, Ben Burns, John Johnson and Eunice Johnson in Henri Christophe’s castle. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

006 Ben Burns in Haiti, Eunice Johnson in background. Photograph by Gordon Parks

007 Esther Burns, Haitian President Dumarsais Estimé, Eunice Johnson, Ben Burns and John H. Johnson during a trip to Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

008 Haitian host with John H. Johnson, Esther Burns, Eunice Johnson and Ben Burns in Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

009 Haitian hosts with Esther Burns, John Johnson and Eunice Johnson reviewing a military parade in Haiti, 1948 (?). Photograph by Gordon Parks.

010 Esther Burns and Eunice Johnson standing in large archway in Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

011 Esther Burns eating ice cream at table, Eunice Johnson to her left. In Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

012 Haitian hosts in Haiti (John H. Johnson, Ben Burns) standing outside in Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

013 Esther Burns and ? in Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

014 Pilots, Ben Burns and young girl on a plane in Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

015 Ben Burns, John Johnson and Esther Burns on plane in Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

016 John Johnson, Esther and Ben Burns with pilot outside of plane. Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

017 Couples dancing at a reception at the U.S. Ambassador’s residence in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

018 John Johnson sitting behind Ben Burns in Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

019 Esther Burns on balcony (to the right), photographer Gordon Parks visible in mirror (center). Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

020 Esther and Ben Burns and John Johnson outside of car, in Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

021 Henri Christophe’s castle in Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks

022 Harbor defense canon in Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

023 Woman posing in swimsuit in Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

024 Henri Christophe’s castle in Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks

025 Henri Christophe’s castle, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks

026 Harbor fort in Haiti, 1948.? Photograph by Gordon Parks.

027 Harbor fort in Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

028 Harbor fort in Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

029 Boats on beach in Haiti in 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

030 Esther Burns at Henri Christophe’s castle. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

031 Harbor fort in Haiti, 1948. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

032 Henri Christophe’s castle. Photograph by Gordon Parks.

033 Esther Burns and Ellen Wright in Paris, 1950.

034 Esther Burns and John Johnson on deck chairs on cruise to Europe, 1950.

035 Esther Burns, Eunice Johnson and John Johnson looking out over rails of ship on cruise to Europe, 1950.

036 Esther Burns, Eunice Johnson and John Johnson at the Pont Neuf bridge in Paris, 1950.

037 John Johnson on cruise to Europe, 1950.

038 Esther Burns, ?, Eunice Johnson and John Johnson in France, 1950.

039 Eunice and John Johnson and Esther Burns in Europe in 1950

040 Eunice Johnson, ?, Esther Burns, ?, ?, John Johnson in Europe, 1950.

041 Two women (including Esther Burns, perhaps the other woman is Eunice Johnson?) in front of the Leaning Tower of Pisa

042 Esther Burns’ relatives, Eunice Johnson, Esther Burns and John Johnson in Paris in 1950.

043 Street scene in Paris, Rue Des Saules, 1950

044 Esther Burns with a man and woman shopping in Paris, 1950

045 Artwork in restaurant (cartoon of boisterous dinner table)

046 Esther Burns and relatives in Paris, 1950.

047 Esther Burns and relatives in Paris, 1950.

048 Ben Burns and Esther Burns’ relatives in Paris, 1950.

049 Cars outside of George V Hotel in Paris, 1950

050 John Johnson in Rome, 1950


Box 33

51 John Johnson and Ben Burns in Rome, 1950

052 Historic building in Rome, 1950

053 Esther Burns in Rome, 1950

054 Esther Burns in Rome, 1950

055 Ben Burns in Rome, 1950

056 Eunice Johnson and Esther Burns in Rome, 1950.

057 Eunice Johnson, Esther Burns with John Johnson (pointing) in Rome, 1950.

058 Eunice Johnson and Esther Burns in Rome, 1950.

059 Couple in Europe, 1950.

060 Eunice Johnson, man with beard and Esther Burns in Europe, 1950.

061 Man with beard with Esther Burns in Europe, 1950

062 Man with beard with Esther Burns in Europe, 1950

063 Ben Burns in France in 1950.

064 John Johnson, Eunice Johnson and Esther Burns in Paris in 1950.

065 Eunice Johnson, John Johnson and Esther Burns in Paris in 1950.

066 Buildings in France, 1950.

067 John Johnson in France in 1950.

068 Eunice Johnson and ? in France, 1950.

069 Esther Burns, unidentified woman, Eunice Johnson and John Johnson in France (?), 1950.

070 John Johnson, Esther Burns and Eunice Johnson getting coffee in Europe, 1950.

071 Eunice Johnson and ? in France, 1950.

072 Ellen Wright and Esther Burns in Paris, 1950.

073 Esther Burns with Ellen Wright, two women and children in Paris, 1950.

074 Esther Burns with Ellen Wright, two women and children in Paris, 1950.

075 Moulin de la Galette in France, 1950.

076 Street scene in Paris, 1950.

077 Esther Burns and ? at a chateau in France, 1950.

078 Esther Burns with ? in Europe, 1950.

079 Ben Burns and Esther Burns with ? in Europe, 1950.

080 Fountain in Paris, 1950.

081 Ellen Wright and Esther Burns in front of fountain in Paris, 1950.

082 Esther Burns and Ellen Wright in front of fountain in Paris, 1950.

083 Julia Wright in Paris, 1950.

084 Julia Wright in Paris, 1950.

085 Fountain in Paris, 1950.

086 Fountain in Paris, 1950.

087 Child with Julia Wright in Paris, 1950.

088 Esther Burns with ElleFn Wright in Paris, 1950.

089 Esther Burns with Ellen Wright in Paris, 1950.

090 Esther Burns with Ellen Wright in Paris, 1950.

091 John Johnson on cruise to Europe, 1950.

092 John Johnson on cruise to Europe, 1950.

093 Esther Burns and John Johnson on cruise to Europe, 1950.

094 Esther Burns, Eunice and John Johnson on cruise to Europe, 1950.

095 Esther Burns, Eunice and John Johnson on cruise to Europe, 1950.

096 John Johnson and Esther Burns on cruise to Europe, 1950.

097 Esther Burns and John Johnson being served on cruise to Europe, 1950.

098 Esther Burns and John Johnson being served on cruise to Europe, 1950.

099 Ben Burns with ? in Europe, 1950.

100 ? in Europe, 1950.


Box 34

101 Monmartre street scene, 1950.

102 ? in front of Sacre Coeur in Monmartre, 1950

103 Esther Burns in Europe, 1950

104 Overview of houses and buildings in Europe, 1950.

105 John Johnson with a little girl in Paris, 1950.

106 Sydney Johnson (portrait)

107 Sydney Johnson (portrait)

108 Sydney Johnson (with life jacket)

109 Sydney Johnson (with life jacket)

110 Sydney Johnson (with life jacket)

111 Joe Curran, Pres., National Maritime Union

112 Joe Curran, Pres., National Maritime Union

113 Teresa Garcia in Havana, Cuba

114 Unidentified woman

115 Charlie Collins, Paris 1945 (WFTU)

116 Charlie Collins, Paris 1945, Harlem AFL, WFTU

117 P.L. Prattis, Pittsburg Courier, in front of Louvre

118 Unidentified delegate at WFTU

119 Unidentified delegate at WFTU

120 Unidentified delegates at WFTU

121 Unidentified delegates at WFTU

122 Unidentified delegates at WFTU

123 Ben Burns in his office at Ebony, 1940s

124 John Johnson and Ben Burns at Julius Rosenwald’s house, 1940s

125 Portrait of Ben Burns

126 Eunice Johnson, Ben Burns and ? at Julius Rosenwald’s house, 1940s

127 Ben Burns with one of his children on shoulders

128 Ben Burns shaking hands with Josephine Baker in his office at Ebony

129 Ben Burns

130 Ben and Esther Burns dancing at the Rhumboogie in 1954

131 Ben dancing with performers, large audience watching at the Rhumboogie in 1954

132 Ben sitting down after dancing, next to Esther Burns, surrounded by people at the Rhumboogie in 1954

133 Ben Burns looking at photo sheets

134 Ben and Esther Burns celebrating at club (?)

135 Ben Burns and ?

136 Ben Burns talking

137 Ben Burns smiling

138 Ben Burns with ?

139 Ben Burns flying a plane

140 Ben Burns

141 Ben Burns

142 Ben Burns in office with Janice Kingslow

143 Ben Burns reclining outside on rock wall

144 Ben Burns

145 Beatrice Pringle

146 Arthur J. Jackson

147 Will Thomas

148 William Fisher, author of The Waiters

149 Flynn Clarke Benson for Duke magazine

150 Nat D. Williams, radio station WDIA, Memphis, TN (for Duke magazine)

Box 35

151 Ku Klux Klan, Charles Holland

152 Ku Klux Klan, Confrontation between Dr. Robert S. Pritchard and Klansman Charles Holland

153 Ku Klux Klan, Charles Holland on speaker’s platform

154 Ku Klux Klan, Attempt to secure 36 foot cross

155 Ku Klux Klan, Speaker’s platform

156 Ku Klux Klan, Dimmie Johnson

157 Ku Klux Klan, “Integration is Pollution”

158 Norman Darden (?)

159 Al Duckett and Ruby Dee

160 Sterling Hobbs

161 Marion Kaplan in Kenya

162 Marion Kaplan in Kenya

163 Marion Kaplan in Kenya

164 Marion Kaplan in Kenya

165 Mixed Marriages – Leon and Mary Russell

166 Mixed Marriages – Margaret (Peggy) Rusk and Guy Smith

167 Mixed Marriages – Marc Bolan and Gloria Jones and son Rolan

168 Mixed Marriages – Walter White and Poppy Cannon

169 Mixed Marriages – Frank Shifman (owner of Apollo), Bill Kenny and Mrs. Kenny (?)

170 Mixed Marriages – Donald Berry and his wife Eleanor (daughter of Mrs. Crutchfield)

171 Mixed Marriages – Mrs. Kenny, James Edwards and Bill Kenny (?)

172 Mixed Marriages – Mr. and Mrs. Crutchfield

173 Mixed Marriages – Mr. and Mrs. Crutchfield

174 Mixed Marriages – Mr. and Mrs. Crutchfield

175 Mixed Marriages – Mr. and Mrs. Crutchfield

176 Mixed Marriages – Henry Lewis and Marilyn Horne

177 Mixed Marriages – Monroe Jenkins and Martha Wood

178 Mixed Marriages – Leon and Mary Russell

179 Travel – African Art

180 Travel – African Art

181 Travel – African Art, market in Abidjan

182 Travel – African Art, Ivory Coast

183 Travel – African Art

184 Dungeon at Elmina

185 Iron gate at Elmina castle

186 Cannons outside Elmina castle

187 Woman outside Elmina castle

188 Elmina castle

189 Entrance to Elmina castle

190 Great court of Elmina castle

191 Iron-grated door at Elmina castle

192 View from inside castle dungeon

193 Local Ghanian girl next to Elmina castle moats

194 Cannon defending Elmina castle
Elmina negatives and photosheet

195 Northwestern class reunion

196 African soldiers in WWI

197 British mounted men crossing bridge, August 10, 1918

198 “English Spoken Here,” September 9, 1918

199 Scotch Highlanders participating in Bastille Day festivities

200 General Harts honored by citizens of St. Mihiel


Box 36

201 French workers proud to wear the service mark of Uncle Sam’s workers, March 17, 1919

202 “Where Turkish Peace Delegates are Quartered,” June 23, 1919

203 “French Blue Devils Capture Immense Vase from Bulgars”

204 Wreckage of a Chateau in Somme, Chaulnes, France, 1917

205 Chateau ruins after German attack

206 Nouvelle salle du Musee de Cluny

207 Paris receives the Croix de Guerre

208 Fort in Manonviller

209 Hospital barrack scene in the Aisne district

210 Scene in front of the famous Pequin fashion shop in Paris, during the strike of the Midinettes

211 Temporary home of the League of Nations, June 19, 1919

212 General view of city of Soissons

213 Views of Palais D’Orsay where Peace Conference is held, January 29, 1919

214 Fireplace in the Grand Salon of the Palais D’Orsay, January 29, 1919

215 General Petain becomes marshall, December 26, 1918

216 Photographers record history of the World War, May 29, 1918

217 Paris, The City Beautiful, July 9, 1918

218 Secretary of War Newton D. Baker passing Harvard regiment, October 27, 1917

219 English retreat on Flanders front conducted in orderly manner, May 1, 1918

220 Members of Austrian Peace Delegation at St. Germain

221 The aftermath of the battle

222 Chateau destroyed by German attack, September 29, 1918

223 On the British Western front in France

224 Amid the Ruins of St. Mihiel

225 Holland pays respect to France on the 14th of July

226 On the way to guard German delegation at Versailles

227 Keeping the German delegates at Versailles within their bounds

228 Arras, beauty spot of France

229 Monchy now in the hands of the British, August 27, 1918

230 The water supply for the new Reims

231 Brest camp being put in shape, April 24, 1919

232 German peace delegates arrive in Paris

233 Place de la Concorde in Paris

234 “In the wake of the Hun”

235 Early morning bombardment of German trenches

236 British reinforcements and supplies for service in Flanders

237 Two men and a woman speaking in war ruins

238 Soldiers and officers in barracks

239 Place de la Concorde

240 In this devastated district, a poilu hesitates among the ruins to write to his loved ones at home

241 French Minister of Health conversing with Royal Nurse

242 Ruined church

243 Ancient tarbes greets favored son in old Basque tongue

244 Attigny digging itself out of ruins

245 A captured German dugout in the Somme district

246 New system of alarm to announce air raids in Paris

247 New system of alarm for air raids

248 Desolation of a church, 1917

249 Gas tanks near Paris shot full of holes

250 Rebuilding bridge over the Aisne


Box 37

251 Mass in the trenches

252 Combles – famous battlefield, October 7, 1918

253 Christening on a French battlefield on site of destroyed church

254 Preparing the battlefield for a harvest of peace

255 Rembercourt-aux-Pots: French soldiers drawing water at a public well for use at a base hospital, January 13, 1918

256 A cantonment in a farm house destroyed by German attacks, 1917

257 Military officers on field, December 22, 1917

258 Cologne cathedral once used as war hospital

259 The path to the front line trench

260 French veterans honor George Washington in Paris, August 4, 1918

261 Street scene in France, in the rain

262 Poilus and Tommies meet on Picardy front

263 Crowds waiting for a parade (?)

264 How Paris is combating the high cost of living

265 Aquatic shots in Paris

266 Elisha’s well, British military activity in Palestine and Mesopotamia

267 “Old Jericho”

268 Czech army in France

269 German Gotha which has been brought down by the anti aircraft forces of London

270 French cavalry

271 Athletic meet

272 Lieut. Ed Rickenbacher at an American aviation field in France

273 French soldiers fighting behind a barricade of German supplies

274 Anzacs and Chasseurs help Liberty Loan in New York, May 2, 1918

275 Ste. Catherine in Paris

276 Paris Fair opened on the Esplanade des Invalides, 1919

277 Vedrines and Guillain’s funerals in Paris, Gare de Lyon

278 Mr. Rebot (?) speaking to the troops on the Marne battlefield

279 Funeral of fallen French hero, August 16, 1918

280 French mounted Chassuers fighting in the Aisne sector, May 1, 1918

281 In Champagne, walking through village

282 Ruins after German attack

283 “A Happy Poilu”

284 Bastille Day in France

285 Calling the roll in a Chinese labor camp in France

286 Chalons-sur-Marne, a review of military societies by French officers on All Saints Day, November 1, 1917

287 Independent state of Hedjaz rally to cause

288 Moquet Farm in France before, during and after bombardment

289 Cross country girls team in Paris

290 Meuse-Bar le Duc; Returning the artistic doors of the Cathedral of Verdun, removed during bombardment

291 King Nicholas in exile celebrates 78th anniversary

292 Retirement home of President Poincare

293 Noyon, August 31, 1918

294 Signing the Peace Pact with Austria

295 “Cambrai Since the Germans were Driven Out”

296 Franco-American troops recapture Villers Cotteret

297 Village occupied by French and British troops

298 French soldiers boarding a transport for “somewhere” in the Mediterranean

299 In the mountain’s forest

300 Honoring French heroes, February 7, 1918


Box 38

301 In the historic tower of London which may be the ex-Kaiser’s prison

302 British soldiers construct entanglements

303 Cardiff Miner’s Glee Club

304 Armistice terms signed in French city

305 Cleaning up the Noyon Road, October 11, 1918

306 Ruined sectors in Senlis, France

307 Remains of Cathedral Ypres viewed by U.S. Congressional Committee, April 30, 1919

308 A “rock” of plaster conceals a man in the pit beneath, January 12, 1918

309 A café amidst the ruins of a French town

310 President Wilson visits battlefields

311 Church of St. Gervais in Paris

312 New great Italian drive on Isonzo Front, June 12, 1917

313 British Western Front

314 War ruins

315 Battle Ceantigny (?)

316 Battle Ceantigny (?)

317 Reconquered Alsace

318 Ruins in the Somme

319 Armentieres, the scene of heavy fighting during fight of Flanders front

320 Destruction in Belgium

321 Aquatic sports in Paris

322 Cemetery at the Villa of Crion

323 German air raids on Paris

324 Railroad yard destroyed by explosions

325 Marne

326 Count Brockdorff arrives at Versailles for Peace Treaty

327 Turkish delegates arrive for Peace Conference

328 House where Joffre was born in Pyrenees mountains

329 Aquatic sports in Paris

330 Woodsawing contest in Alsace

331 Cambrai in flames

332 “The Scourge of the Hun”

333 Ruins of village, French troops bivouac

334 Devastated villages

335 “Where American troops are now facing the enemy” (Aisne)

336 Newspaper correspondents at Verdun

337 Ruins of a building

338 French detachments at Beni Selah, January 19, 1918

339 Marville again in British hands

340 French woman doing laundry

341 Children of ruined French villages, May 1, 1918

342 General Pershing’s new headquarters in Paris

343 Scene of most recent French offensive, August 31, 1918

344 Bridge east of Soissons destroyed

345 Result of German air raid in France

346 Members of German delegations at Versailles

347 The Portuguese

348 Engineers erecting curtains of burlap

349 Family searching for valuables among ruins


Box 39

350 French and Italian troops fighting on Italian-Austrian front

351 French soldier preparing dinner in wreckage, December 26, 1917

352 Ruined city of Monchy

353 Fort de Manonviller

354 General with group of soldiers in France (?)

355 U.S. Ambassador Wallace laying stone for monument commemorating America’s intervention

356 German delegates leaving Berlin for Peace Conference, May 27, 1919

357 View of Damloup village in Verdun

358 Historic church built in sixteenth century, destroyed

359 “Old Jericho”

360 Hindenburg mine broken, British enter Bapaume

361 Courtyard of the George Hotel, London, July 9, 1919

362 Man in public telephone booth in Stockholm, May 25, 1919

363 American Stretchers Bearers passing through streets, France

364 French officers play with French flag, August 4, 1918

365 French officers play with French flag, August 4, 1918

366 Boulevards without traffic

367 King of Spain (Alfonse) decorates graves of French soldiers, November 11, 1919

368 Preparing an American camp in Marne district

369 German trench captured by French, 1918

370 King George’s visit to France

371 Traffic policing in France

372 Communication wires and trenches

373 Having soup in the ruins of Clermont in Argonne

374 Alsatians in Paris honor dead, July 4, 1919

375 French re-enforcements capture many Germans on Picardy Front, May 1, 1918

376 Putting the German atrocities before the Paris public

377 French ammunition carts in Somme

378 Entrance to cave where Germans were captured

379 German envoys leaving Peace Council, May 17, 1919

380 Church decorations taken from German vandals

381 French engineers on the Marne

382 Construction in France

383 French soldiers roasting coffee, 1918

384 Music in the trenches

385 French soldiers at the Invalides

386 A French sentry post

387 One woman and soldiers in and around trenches

388 French soldiers wearing respirators

389 Distant view of Mametz showing battered German trenches, August 27, 1918

390 French soldier burying fallen soldiers

391 French fighting side by side with English and Americans on Flanders front

392 British and French fight side by side

393 Alsatian village scene

394 French soldiers en route to relieve comrades in Somme

395 An attendant at Chateau St. Germain signals news of peace with Austria, September 29, 1919

396 “The Fall of Peronne” in Germany

397 Damages to church of Notre Dame, Malines as a result of German bombardment

398 General Bliss leaving Chateau of St. Germain after signing of peace with Austria, September 29, 1919

399 Destruction in Marne

400 Tower of London where ex-Kaiser may be imprisoned, July 9, 1919

401 Hole in streets of Belgrade caused by a 12 inch hand grenade dropped by an Austrian airplane

402 Two soldiers in Verdun

403 Detachment of Mule Machine Gun Corps in Champagne, August 8, 1918

404 Stone wall fortress of Belgrade demolished by explosive Austrian shell

405 Foch’s reserves rush to reinforce lines on Oise, May 21, 1918

406 Wounded soldiers at the Pyramids in Egypt

407 Matigny, a reconstructed home in a French village

408 Row boats on French river

409 French men cultivating gardens

410 Paris camouflages its valuable monuments

411 Paris theaters

412 French army raises rabbits, August 7, 1918

413 Guynemeyer’s Memorial

414 Celebration of 5th anniversary of Battle of the Marne

415 Honorable Artillery Co. training on Blackheath

416 French solider uncovers mutilated figure of Jesus

417 French commanders observation post and dugout

418 5th anniversary celebration of Battle of the Marne in the Old Cathedral of Heaux, September 8, 1918

419 Frencch cavalry in Somme district

420 Execution post at Vincennes where Bolo Pasha and Duval, French traitors, were executed by a firing squad, August 8, 1918

421 German observation station, June 4, 1918

422 Scene in Noyon

423 Berlin amusement palace burned, April 9, 1919

424 “French soldiers taking a hasty cover”

425 Aisne; trench-like commander’s post

426 Erecting a canopy of leaves

427 French soldiers examine papers of discharged German soldiers, February 8, 1919

Series V. Audio Visual/Oversize

This series consists of Burns’ collection of over one hundred records. Some of the records were borrowed from famous figures such as Horace Cayton. There are various dates for the recordings. Cassette tapes and video footage from the Burns’ and Johnsons’ vacations (&ldquoBen Burns Europe Master 23 min,” &ldquoBurns Haiti Master 27 min,” &ldquoJohn H. Johnson & Ben Burns in Europe Spring 1950”) are also included in this series. There are no folders in this series.

Box 40 Contents:
No folders

Record collection; includes:
Archie Shepp, "Attica Blues"
David Newman, "Lonely Avenue"
Boz Scaggs, "Silk Degrees"
Jimi Hendrix, "Rainbow Bridge"
Barbara Streisand, "The Way We Were"
Funk Inc., "Chicken Lickin'"
Quincy Jones, "Body Heat"
The Harvard Glee Club, "Lamentations of Jeremiah"
Sidney Poitier, "Sidney Poitier Reads the Poetry of the Black Man"
Chicago Symphony Orchestra, "Beethoven Symphony No. 9"
Count Basie, "Super Chief"
New York Philharmonic, "Bernstein Conducts Ravel, Rhapsodie Espagnole, Mother Goose Suite, La Valse"
Bohannon, "Keep on Dancin'"
Ruby Andrews, "Black Ruby"
Dionne Warwicke, "The Love Machine"
Barbara & Ernie, "Prelude to..."
Donald Byrd, "Stepping into Tomorrow"
Sonny Boy Williamson, "The Real Folk Blues"
Leonard Bernstein, "West Side Story, The Original Sound Track Recording"
Charlie Ventura, "East of Suez"
Igor Stravinsky, "Petrouchka"
Gragnani, Ibert, Paganini, Scheidler, "Musique Intime"

Box 41 Contents:

No folders

Record collection continues; includes:
Vinnette Carroll, "You Arms Too Short to Box with God"
Various artists, "Detroit Blues"
"The Salsoul Orchestra (no record)"
The World of Duke Ellington"
B.B.King: Live at the Regal"
Mose Allison, "Local Color, Prestige 7121"
History of Spanish Music, Luys Venegas de Henestrosa (16th Century)
Buddy Miles "Black Giants"
Switch; Inner Circle, "Everything is Great"
Sweet Thunder, "Above the Clouds"
Arthur Adams, "It's Private Tonight"
Harvey Mason, "Earth Mover"
Danny Johnson, "Learnin' to Love You Was Easy"
Tchaikovsky, "Symphony No. 4"
"Groove Merchant Presents"
Quincy Jones, "Smackwater Jack"
Miles Davis, "Live/Evil"
"Peter Schreier Sings Schubert: Songs on texts of Goethe"
"Three Concertos for Two Flutes"
Gabor Szabo, "His Great Hits"
Black Sabbath, "Master of Reality"

Box 42 Contents:

No folders
Record collection continues

Box 43 Contents:

No folders
Record collection continues

Box 44 Contents:

No folders
Cassette tape:
The Race Question," April 1996, Ben Burns/Leroy Wimbush questioned by Cowell Thompson and Derrick Simon
Videotapes titled: "Ben Burns/Nitty Gritty: A White Editor in Black Journalism"/Book Signing at Barnes & Noble, Evanston, March 3, 1996
Ben Burns; Chicago Books, Nitty Gritty, Ben Burns
Ben Burns Europe Master 23 min
Burns Haiti Master 27 min, John H. Johnson & Ben Burns in Europe Spring 1950

Series VI. Black Publications, Various Magazines and Newspapers


Folder Title/Contents

Box 45


Folder 1

Bronze Thrills
Issue of Bronze Thrills (Sept 1976)

Folder 2
Fall 1996; Spring 1996; Summer 1997; Summer 1998;

Folder 3

Copper Romance
Issue of Copper Romance (December 1953, February 1954, April 1954, June 1954)

Folder 4-6

Duke (3 folders)
Issues of Duke (June – September 1957)

Folder 7

Issues of Encore (Sept 1972, April – July 1973, Nov 1973)

Folder 8
Equal Opportunity
Issues of Equal Opportunity (Jan 1973, Spring 1976)

Folder 9
Far Eastern Economic Review
February 4, 1974; March 25, 1974

Folder 10
Newsweek , “Black and White: A Major Study of U.S. Racial Attitudes Today” (Aug 22, 1966)

Folder 11
Issue of Players (January 1978)

Folder 12
Issue of Society (March 1972, October 1972)

Folder 13
Issue of Soul (March 28, 1977)


Box 46


Folder 1

Soul Teen
Issues of Soul Teen (July – Sept 1976)

Folder 2
Today’s Education
April/May 1978

Folder 3
Magazines – Various
Harper’s (Nov 1968)
Society (Oct 1972)
Impact (Nov 1972)
MsTique (Jan/Feb 1976)
Collegiate Woman’s Career (Spring 1976)
Black Enterprise (May 1978),
The New Yorker (April 29 & May 6, 1996)

Folder 4-5
Newspapers – Various (2 folders)
The Black Panther (May 31, 1969)
The Daily Californian (April 4, 1969, May 1969)
Berkeley Barb (Aug 1971)
Berkeley Tribe Freedom News (Aug 1971)
Independent Californian (May 30, 1969)
Front Lines (undated; includes article, "My Son, The Motherfucker" re: James York who was sentenced to six months in prison for calling a Jersey City cop a "motherfucker")

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