August celebrates the anniversary of the release of the MGM classic film The Wizard of Oz. This favorite has roots in Chicago. L. Frank Baum wrote the children's story in 1900 while living in Chicago, and many speculate that the Emerald City was inspired by the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition's famed White City.
Baum's Wonderful Wizard of Oz was a success when published, and he then turned it into a musical play. Baum made several changes for the stage version, nixing both the Wicked Witch of the West and Toto. Instead, Dorothy and her companion Imogene the cow rode the cyclone to the land of Oz, where they met Princess Weenietotts and Tryxie Tryfle among others. The play premiered at Chicago's Grand Opera House on June 16, 1902, and went to Broadway a year later.