Millennium Park / U.S. Equities Realty Collection

Dates: c. 1999 – 2005
Size: 54 linear feet
Repository: Chicago Public Library, Harold Washington Library Center, Special Collections, 400 S. State St., Chicago, IL 60605
Collection Number: Archives_MP_USER
Provenance: The U.S. Equities Realty Collection was donated to the Chicago Public Library in 2006 by U.S. Equities Realty. It was processed in 2008 and 2009 with a grant from the Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation which was awarded to the Chicago Public Library Foundation in 2007. The photographs in this collection are courtesy of U.S. Equities Realty and the men and women who built Millennium Park.
Access: No restrictions
Citation: When quoting material from this collection the preferred citation is: Millennium Park / U.S. Equities Realty Collection [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections, Chicago Public Library.

Historical Note

U.S. Equities Realty is an international commercial real estate firm, headquartered in Chicago, with a demonstrated passion for art and architecture. Since its founding in 1978 by Robert A. Wislow and Camille P. Julmy, the company has been responsible for a number of major projects in Chicago, including the development of the Chicago Public Library’s Harold Washington Library Center, the Spertus Institute of Jewish Studies, Comer Children’s Hospital at the University of Chicago, co-development of One Financial Place in Chicago, and the redevelopment of the John Hancock Center and Willis Tower, formerly Sears Tower.

In spring 1999, U.S. Equities Realty was retained by Millennium Park Inc., the group representing the Park’s private donors. In this role the company managed the entire design and engineering phases of the Jay Pritzker Music Pavilion, designed by Frank Gehry, as well as Gehry’s B.P. Pedestrian Bridge. The latter is the first Gehry-designed bridge ever built.

In addition to managing the Frank Gehry projects, U.S. Equities Realty oversaw the extremely intricate engineering and fabrication of Anish Kapoor’s monumental Cloud Gate as well as the design, construction and production of Jaume Plensa’s Crown Fountain. The firm also acted as the donor group’s advocate on all city-administered work and construction affecting the Park’s enhancements.

In addition to development and project management, U.S. Equities provides asset management and leasing services, real estate consulting and financial and investment services. Its Chicago headquarters, directly across from Millennium Park, boasts original works of art, including paintings, prints and sculpture by over 100 artists; through its Artist in Residence program, U.S. Equities commissions artists to create original pieces, which are then reproduced in limited edition books.

Additional Information

For further information about U.S. Equities Realty, researchers are encouraged to consult the company’s website at www.usequities.com.

For a brief history of Millennium Park, researchers are encouraged to go Millennium Park’s website at www.millenniumpark.org. This site also has overviews of the Jay Pritzker Pavilion, the B.P. Pedestrian Bridge, Cloud Gate, Crown Fountain and Millennium Monument in Wrigley Square.

For a detailed history of the Park, researchers can read Timothy J. Gilfoyle’s Millennium Park: Creating a Chicago Landmark , published in 2006 by the University of Chicago Press. F548.65.M55G55 2006.

For information about the construction of Millennium Park, researchers should consult Better Than Perfect: The Making of Chicago’s Millennium Park , by Robert Sharoff, privately published by Walsh Construction Company, W.E. O’Neill Construction Company and U.S. Equities Realty in 2004. F548.65.M55S43 2004.

For a thorough history of the international garden design competition for Lurie Garden, please see Constructed Ground: The Millennium Garden Design Competition by Charles Waldheim, published for the Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs by the University of Illinois Press in 2001. SB466.U65C568 2001.

Scope Note

The U.S. Equities Realty Collection consists of sixteen CDs with over 6,000 photographs that document construction of most major sites in Millennium Park between 1999 and 2005. These sites include the Jay Pritzker Music Pavilion, Cloud Gate, Crown Fountain, B.P. Pedestrian Bridge, and Millennium Monument in Wrigley Square. In addition to images of these sites, there are small groupings of photographs that show the Lurie Garden and the McCormick Tribune Ice Rink and Plaza. Also available in this collection are general construction and full park shots. All photographs are digital and in color.

With funding from the Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation these photographs have been fully described. Over 5,000 were selected for the Library’s Millennium Park Digital Collection. The grant also provided resources to print the images on 8 x 10 Kodak Endura paper, which meets optimum preservation standards for color prints. The prints are available to researchers in the Reading Room of the Special Collections and Preservation Division.

The images have been arranged by site and then by “chapters” that describe the stages of construction; for example,

Crown Fountain:
Renderings and Models…
Water Feature Tests…
Tower Construction…

The dates of the photographs were extracted from automatically generated metadata that accompanied the digital photographs. In some cases these dates refer to the date the photos were downloaded from the camera, rather than the date they were taken. Photographs with no date in the metadata were assigned a “circa” date based on the original file name and by reviewing similar images.

Each photograph is assigned a unique number; for example, Cloud Gate 2003.4.21.3. This photograph of Cloud Gate was taken in 2003 on April 21 st and is the third image made that day.

In addition to the photographs, the collection has a folder with reproductions of informational panels displayed outside the tent that covered Cloud Gate during the final polishing and sanding in 2004 and 2005.

Box Summary

Photographs
Cloud Gate 19 Boxes
Crown Fountain 42 Boxes
Jay Pritzker Pavilion 17 Boxes
B.P. Bridge 14 Boxes
Millennium Monument 2 Boxes
Lurie Garden 1 Box
McCormick Tribune Plaza and Ice Rink 1 Box
General Construction 1 Box
Full Park 1 Box
Documents
Cloud Gate, informational panels 1 Box
Box and Folder Inventory [no index]
Photographs
Cloud Gate
Box 1 Chapter 1, Steel fabrication
Photo numbers 1999.__.__.1 to 2003.4.21.9
Box 2 Photo numbers 2003.4.22.4 to 2003.9.18.61
Chapter 2, Assembly in Oakland, California
Photo numbers 2003.4.21.3 to 2003.9.18.5
Box 3 Photo numbers 2003.9.18.6 to 2003.9.18.60
Chapter 3, Transportation study
Photo numbers 2002.8.21.1 to 2002.8.21.20
Box 4 Photo numbers 2002.8.21.21 to 2002.8.21.29
Chapter 4, Assembly in Chicago: structural steel
Photo numbers 2004.2.25.1 to 2004.3.3.11
Box 5 Chapter 5, SBC Plaza
Photo numbers 2002.7.17.1 to 2004.3.10.15
Box 6 Photo numbers 2004.3.10.16 to 2004.3.10.85
Box 7 Photo numbers 2004.3.10.86 to 2004.4.23.34
Box 8 Chapter 6, Attaching steel plates, omphalos
Photo numbers 2004.3.2.3 to 2004.3.22.14
Chapter 7, Attaching steel plates, March 2004
Photo numbers 2004.3.21.1 to 2004.3.29.18
Box 9 Photo numbers 2004.3.31.1 to 2004.3.31.18
Chapter 8, Attaching steel plates, April 2004
Photo numbers 2004.4.1.1 to 2004.4.23.12
Box 10 Photo numbers 2004.4.23.13 to 2004.4.25.20
Box 11 Photo numbers 2004.4.27.1 to 2004.4.29.56
Box 12 Photo numbers 2004.4.29.57 to 2004.4.29.77
Chapter 9, Attaching steel plates, May 2004
Photo numbers 2004.5.3.1 to 2004.5.3.49
Box 13 Photo numbers 2004.5.3.50 to 2004.5.10.6
Box 14 Photo numbers 2004.5.10.7 to 2004.5.27.15
Box 15 Photo numbers 2004.5.27.16 to 2004.5.28.15
Chapter 10, Attaching steel plates, June 2004
Photo numbers 2004.6.1.1 to 2004.6.6.4
Box 16 Photo numbers 2004.6.6.5 to 2004.6.9.17
Box 17 Photo numbers 2004.6.9.18 to 2004.6.10.14
Chapter 11, Attaching the final plate
Photo numbers 2004.6.28.1 to 2004.6.28.47
Box 18 Photo numbers 2004.6.28.48 to 2004.6.28.78
Chapter 12, Assembly complete
Photo numbers 2004.7.12.1 to 2004.7.12.19
Box 19 Photo numbers 2004.7.12.20 to 2004.7.19.1
Chapter 13, Final polishing
Photo numbers 2005.5.19.1 to 2005.5.25.4
Crown Fountain
Box 1 Chapter 1, Renderings and models
Photo numbers 2000.__._.1, to 2004.6.__.2
Box 2 Chapter 2, On-site mock-ups and documentation
Photo numbers 2001.5.18.1 to 2001.8.27.10
Chapter 3, Early meetings and LED tests in Chicago
Photo numbers 2002.4.10.1 to 2002.5.13.24
Box 3 Photo numbers 2002.5.13.25 to 2002.10.3.9
Box 4 Photo numbers 2002.10.3.10 to 2002.10.3.27
Chapter 4, Water feature tests
Photo numbers 2002.1.11.1 to 2002.11.5.20
Box 5 Photo numbers 2002.11.5.21 to 2003.11.7.12
Box 6 Chapter 5, Fabricating the glass bricks
Photo numbers 2003.4.30.1 to 2003.5.21.35
Box 7 Photo numbers 2003.5.21.36 to 2003.5.21.58
Chapter 6, Testing and assembly in Melbourne, Florida
Photo numbers 2003.1.17.1 to 2003.1.17.41
Box 8 Photo numbers 2003.1.17.42 to 2003.5.19.1
Box 9 Photo numbers 2003.5.19.2 to 2003.5.20.11
Box 10 Photo numbers 2003.5.20.12 to 2003.10.15.2
Box 11 Photo numbers 2003.10.15.3 to 2004.3.24.3
Chapter 7, Full scale LED mock-up in Logan, Utah
Photo numbers 2003.11.12.1 to 2003.11.16.25
Box 12 Photo numbers 2003.11.16.26 to 2003.12.17.11
Box 13 Photo numbers 2003.12.17.12 to 2003.12.17.52
Box 14 Photo numbers 2003.12.17.53 to 2003.12.17.85
Chapter 8, Excavation and construction of reservoir and reflecting pool
Photo numbers 2003.9.2.1 to 2003.9.16.9
Box 15 Photo numbers 2003.9.16.10 to 2003.10.10.22
Box 16 Photo numbers 2003.10.10.23 to 2004.2.14.8
Box 17 Photo numbers 2004.3.3.1 to 2004.4.1.45
Box 18 Photo numbers 2004.4.1.46 to 2004.7.9.12
Chapter 9, Tower construction
Photo numbers 2004.10.27.14 to 2003.12.11.6
Box 19 Photo numbers 2003.12.11.7 to 2004.2.2.13
Box 20 Photo numbers 2004.2.2.14 to 2004.4.1.17
Box 21 Photo numbers 2004.4.1.18 to 2004.5.19.20
Box 22 Photo numbers 2004.5.20.1 to 2004.6.6.17
Chapter 10, Underground control rooms
Photo numbers 2003.9.2.11 to 2003.9.25.7
Box 23 Photo numbers 2003.9.25.8 to 2003.10.31.15
Box 24 Photo numbers 2003.10.31.16 to 2003.12.11.17
Box 25 Photo numbers 2003.12.11.18 to 2004.3.4.16
Box 26 Chapter 11, LED screen testing and video calibration
Photo numbers 2004.4.1.31 to 2004.5.19.33
Box 27 Photo numbers 2004.5.19.34 to 2004.6.6.21
Box 28 Photo numbers 2004.6.21.1 to 2004.6.21.35
Box 29 Photo numbers 2004.6.21.36 to 2004.6.22.24
Box 30 Photo numbers 2004.6.22.25 to 2004.7.7.20
Box 31 Photo numbers 2004.7.9.1 to 2004.7.12.18
Chapter 12, Fountain previews
Photo numbers 2004.6.28.1 to 2004.6.28.32
Box 32 Photo numbers 2004.6.28.33 to 2004.6.28.74
Box 33 Photo numbers 2004.6.28.75 to 2004.6.29.2
Box 34 Photo numbers 2004.6.29.3 to 2004.6.29.39
Box 35 Photo numbers 2004.6.29.40 to 2004.7.13.62
Box 36 Photo numbers 2004.7.13.63 to 2004.7.13.71
Chapter 13, Video production
Photo numbers 2002.11.6.1 to 2003.7.30.17
Box 37 Photo numbers 2003.7.30.18 to 2004.5.20.48
Chapter 14, Aerial views of construction site
Photo numbers 2002.10.11.1 to 2004.2.7.1
Box 38 Photo numbers 2004.2.9.1 to 2004.4.6.13
Box 39 Chapter 15, Opening day
Photo numbers 2004.7.16.1 to 2004.7.16.70
Box 40 Photo numbers 2004.7.16.71 to 2004.7.16.113
Chapter 16, Summer 2004, after Millennium Park’s opening
Photo numbers 2004.7.22.1 to 2004.7.22.27
Box 41 Photo numbers 2004.7.22.28 to 2004.7.23.49
Box 42 Photo numbers 2004.7.23.50 to 2004.7.26.5
Pritzker Pavilion
Box 1 Chapter 1, Renderings and models
Photo numbers 1999.__._.1 to 1999.__._.16
Chapter 2, Foundations, concrete, and structural steel
Photo numbers 2001.10.__.1 to 2002.9.18.6
Box 2 Photo numbers 2002.9.18.7 to 2003.6.19.13
Chapter 3, Cantilever support for headdress
Photo numbers 2003.1.8.1 to 2003.1.9.8
Box 3 Photo numbers 2003.1.9.9 to 2003.11.14.16
Chapter 4, Headdress: structural steel
Photo numbers 2003.1.9.20 to 2003.4.17.18
Box 4 Photo numbers 2003.4.24.1 to 2003.8.7.13
Box 5 Photo numbers 2003.8.10.1 to 2004.5.3.12
Chapter 5, Headdress: attaching steel panels
Photo numbers 2002.9.18.3 to 2002.9.18.12
Box 6 Photo numbers 2002.9.18.13 to 2003.7.10.10
Box 7 Photo numbers 2003.7.10.11 to 2004.7.19.2
Box 8 Chapter 6, Lighting tests
Photo numbers 2004.1.21.1 to 2004.3.22.49
Chapter 7, Constructing the trellis
Photo numbers 2002.8.29.1 to 2003.8.10.72
Box 9 Photo numbers 2003.8.27.1 to 2004.6.30.14
Box 10 Chapter 8, Great Lawn, seating area and surrounding landscaping
Photo numbers 2002.9.5.7 to 2004.4.15 3
Box 11 Photo numbers 2004.4.15.4 to 2004.6.30.15
Chapter 9, Pavilion interior
Photo numbers 2002.10.15.8 to 2004.6.30.20
Box 12 Chapter 10, Constructing the stage and glass doors
Photo numbers 2003.1.9.10 to 2004.6.30.19
Box 13 Chapter 11, Aerial views of the construction site
Photo numbers 2002.6.5.1 to 2002.12.12.1
Box 14 Photo numbers 2002.12.14.1 to 2003.4.7.1
Box 15 Photo numbers 2003.4.8.1 to 2003.6.21.1
Box 16 Photo numbers 2003.6.22.1 to 2003.8.11.1
Box 17 Photo numbers 2003.8.12.1 to 2004.7.16.1
B.P. Bridge
Box 1 Chapter 1, Foundation ramps and other concrete elements
Photo numbers 2003.5.9.1 to 2003.10.13.24
Box 2 Photo numbers 2003.10.13.25 to 2004.2.13.17
Chapter 2, Excavating and landscaping
Photo numbers 2003.5.9.8 to 2003.10.1.40
Box 3 Photo numbers 2003.11.12.36 to 2003.11.21.13
Box 4 Photo numbers 2003.11.21.14 to 2004.5.3.38
Box 5 Chapter 3, Structural steel for eastern and western ramps
Photo numbers 2003.9.2.3 to 2003.11.12.30
Chapter 4, Spanning Columbus Drive/bridging the gap
Photo numbers 2003.11.22.1 to 2003.11.22.20
Box 6 Photo numbers 2003.11.22.21 to 2003.11.22.92
Box 7 Photo numbers 2003.11.22.93 to 2003.11.24.13
Box 8 Chapter 5, Adding the shingles
Photo numbers 2003.9.2.1 to 2003.10.17.50
Box 9 Photo numbers 2003.10.17.51 to 2004.3.16.8
Box 10 Photo numbers 2004.3.16.9 to 2004.4.15.26
Box 11 Photo numbers 2004.4.15.27 to 2004.5.3.32
Chapter 6, Installing the deck
Photo numbers 2003.10.13.4 to 2004.4.15.21
Box 12 Photo numbers 2004.4.15.22 to 2004.4.22.6
Chapter 7, Aerial views of the Bridge during construction
Photo numbers 2003.9.23.1 to 2004.5.15.1
Box 13 Chapter 8, Views of the finished Bridge
Photo numbers 2004.5.24.1 to 2004.5.24.70
Box 14 Photo numbers 2004.5.24.71 to 2004.6.22.40
Millennium Monument
Box 1 Chapter 1, Construction
Photo numbers 2002.3.14.1 to 2002.10.15.12
Box 2 Chapter 2, Dedication
Photo numbers 2002.10.30.1 to 2002.10.30.23
Chapter 3, Completed
Photo numbers 2003.__.__.1
Lurie Garden
Box 1 Photo numbers 2000.__.__.1 to 2004.4.20.1
McCormick Tribune Plaza and Ice Rink
Box 1 Photo numbers 2001.12.20.1 to 2004.3.10.1
General Construction
Box 1 Photo numbers 2002.8.26.1 to 2004.7.19.12
Full Park
Box 1 Photo numbers 2000.__.__.1 to 2004.10.__.4
Documents
Box 1
Folder 1 Reproductions of informational panels placed around Cloud Gate explaining the final sanding and polishing processes while the sculpture was completed, c. 2005 – 2006
Print