Millennium Park Inc.

Dates: 1992-present
Size: 15 linear feet, 13 VHS videos, 755 photographs, 6 CDS
Repository: Chicago Public Library, Harold Washington Library Center, Special Collections, 400 S. State St., Chicago, IL 60605
Collection Number: Archives_MPI
Provenance: Millennium Park Inc. designated the Chicago Public Library as the official repository for its archives in 2005, one year after the Park opened to the public and represent donations from the Millennium Park Office itself. The initial donation consisted of around 100 presentation boards concerned primarily with the Garden Competition that resulted in the Lurie Garden. The next donation consisted of 11 boxes and 8 architectural models. Both donations were processed together in 2006.
Access: No restrictions
Citation: When quoting material from this collection the preferred citation is: Millennium Park Inc. [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections, Chicago Public Library.

Historical Note

In 1852 the City of Chicago granted a right of way to the Illinois Central Railroad (ICR) if it would construct a breakwater along the lakefront, from 12th Street to Randolph Street, to protect the lakeshore from erosion. So began an occupation of some of Chicago’s prime real estate for 145 years. Popular belief held that the ICR owned the property. Over the years, several plans to construct a park in this area were suggested and they all foundered for one reason or another. However, each plan, including Burnham and Bennett’s 1909 Plan for Chicago, worked around the land occupied by ICR. The site remained an eyesore as downtown Chicago grew taller and real estate prices soared.

In 1996 the Chicago Park District’s General Counsel and Lakefront Director, Randall Mehrberg, began to investigate the ownership of that parcel of land. Amazingly, he found that the City did not cede the land to ICR in 1852, rather they allowed an easement as long as the site was being used for railroad purposes. Clearly, by 1996, the land, an unpaved parking lot used by ICR subsidiary employees, was no longer being used for rail transportation. Consequently the Chicago Park District filed a lawsuit terminating the easement. As a result of the lawsuit, the ICR donated the rights, title and interest in the disputed land to the City in December 1997. This became the site of Millennium Park.

Millennium Park is the culmination of a massive public and private collaboration to bring to Chicago a lakefront park with world-class sculpture and architecture. The Park is also the largest green roof in the world, at 1,067,220 square feet, or 24 ½ acres, over parking garages.

In March 1998 Mayor Richard M. Daley asked John Bryan, CEO of the Sara Lee Corporation, to raise $30 million in private donations to offset the cost of the Park to taxpayers. This private money was to pay for “enhancements” on top of the parking garage. John Bryan had previously been involved with a campaign that raised over $100 million in private donations to renovate Chicago’s Orchestra Hall, home of the Chicago Symphony, and the Civic Opera House of Chicago. Thus, Bryan was already a well-known and proven fund-raiser in Chicago.

Bryan had far more ambitious hopes for these “enhancements” for the Park. He hired James Feldstein to help raise funds and he put together a “Blue Ribbon Committee” comprised of fellow corporate officials with experience in civic and cultural affairs to coordinate the effort. This committee evolved into the Millennium Park Board of Directors.

In August 1998 Mayor Richard M. Daley asked the Chicago Park District’s Ed Uhlir to serve as project director of Millennium Park. Uhlir’s extensive experience as the Park District’s Chief Architect, Director of Engineering and Director of Research and Planning gave him the required knowledge to manage the construction of Millennium Park. Furthermore, Uhlir’s congenial personality, combined with his skills in art, planning and architecture, was instrumental in convincing Frank Gehry to build in Chicago.

Originally budgeted to cost $150 million and scheduled to open in 2000, Millennium Park eventually cost $475 million opening in July 2004, with $173.5 million coming from the private sector. The original plans for the Park were far more modest than what was eventually built and this, in part, accounted for the increased costs.

As the size of the Park grew, from 16 acres to 24.5 acres, “enhancements” were added as more corporations and individuals donated more and more money. The increased donations enabled the planners to attract acclaimed architect, Frank O. Gehry, to build the Pritzker Pavilion and his first-ever pedestrian bridge. Spanish artist Jaumé Plensa, was commissioned to design the water feature, the Crown Fountain, and British artist Anish Kapoor, was selected to design his dramatic Cloud Gate. An international garden design competition resulted in 11 of the world’s most accomplished landscape architects submitting entries for the Lurie Garden. Internationally acclaimed landscape architects Kathryn Gustafson and Partners won the competition.

The increased costs were not all attributed to these “enhancements,” however. An existing underground parking garage had to be essentially torn out and replaced; the size of the Park increased by almost 50 percent; and the decision to “fast track” the construction [when construction begins before the final plans are completed] trying to get the Park open in the year 2000 caused much work to be done, and then redone. During construction, the Park underwent dramatic transformations. In one year, over 1,000 design revisions were issued by the City causing costs to rise.

Despite much negative publicity during construction, both Chicagoans and visitors to Chicago have embraced Millennium Park wholeheartedly since it opened. Crown Fountain is a firm favorite with children on hot summer days while the Jay Pritzker Music Pavilion continues to impress concert-goers and architectural enthusiasts for different reasons. The Lurie Garden continues to grow into its 10-year plan, attracting wild life, nature lovers and people seeking a quiet, serene space in the heart of Chicago. Cloud Gate continues to “wow” spectators, its seamless skin inviting people to touch as they encounter the art. In cold weather the McCormick Tribune Plaza and Ice Rink continues to draw people to the Park.

For a more detailed history of Millennium Park, researchers are encouraged to consult Timothy J. Gilfoyle’s excellent Millennium Park: Creating a Chicago Landmark, published in 2006 in Chicago by the University of Chicago Press. F548.65.M55G55 2006

For a thorough history of the international garden design competition that resulted in the Lurie Garden, please see Constructed Ground: The Millennium Garden Design Competition by Charles Waldheim, published for the Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs by the University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois, 2001. SB466.U65C568 2001

For information about the construction of Millennium Park, researchers should consult Better Than Perfect: The Making of Chicago’s Millennium Park, by Robert Sharoff, privately published by Walsh Construction Co., W.E. O’Neil Construction Co., U.S. Equities Realty, in Chicago, Illinois, 2004. F548.65.M55S43 2004

Scope and Content

The Millennium Park Inc. Archives contain information from the early planning stages of Chicago’s “Lakefront Millennium Project” in 1998 through the completion and opening of the Park in July 2004. The overwhelming majority of the collection consists of presentation boards showing elevations, site plans, renderings and architectural sections of the various sites of the Park. The international garden competition, which resulted in the construction of the Lurie Garden, is particularly well represented, with presentation boards from all 11 entrants and with architectural models from the 3 finalists. Additional models from the winner of the garden competition show a more developed plan; there are two models of Crown Fountain, one showing the inside structure of the towers; there is a model of Cloud Gate; and there is a model of the Millennium Monument and Wrigley Square, currently on exhibit on the 8th floor of the Harold Washington Library Center.

Arrangement

There was no existing organization to the papers in the Millennium Park Inc. Archives when they were accessioned, and they have been organized into subjects that correspond to the major sites in the Park itself by the archivist:

Jay Pritzker Music Pavilion/B.P. Bridge
Cloud Gate
Crown Fountain
Lurie Garden
Millennium Monument and Wrigley Square
Joan W. and Irving B. Harris Theater for Music and Dance
Exelon Pavilions/Exelon Gallery
Boeing Galleries

In addition to these sites, there is a General section and a section related to the events surrounding the Opening Weekend and gala. Current brochures published by the Park will be added to the General section as they are created. Audiovisual material and artifacts have been described in their relevant sections.

GENERAL SERIES

Materials in this series relate to aspects of Millennium Park that are not site-specific or that relate to the early planning stages of the Park.

Box and Folder Inventory [no index]

Box 1 Folder 1 Grant Park Design Guidelines , Chicago Park District, 1992.
Box 1 Folder 2 Lakefront Millennium Project, Executive Meeting Agenda Notes, June- August 1998. Includes organizational charts, directory, agendas, meeting notes and draft budgets.
Box 1 Folder 3 Booklet, SOM, Specialty Structures , Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 4 Report, Grant Park, The Trench Campus Museum, A Holistic Approach by Walter A. Netsch, F.A.I.A., c. 1998.
Box 1 Folder 5 Report, The Lakefront Millennium Project, Communications Proposal by KemperLesnik Communications, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 6 Report, Current Status of Tree Purchasing by Daniel Weinbach & Partners Ltd., 1998. See also o/s B9-12; o/s C7; o/s D105.
Box 1 Folder 7 Millennium Park Project, Public Campaign Strategy , 1999.
Box 1 Folder 8 Public Process Documentation, Memoranda, News Release, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 9 Public Process Documentation, Grant Park Advisory Council, meeting held April 1, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 10 Public Process Documentation, Lakefront Alliance for Transportation Planning, meeting held April 3, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 11 Public Process Documentation, Chicago Central Area Committee, meeting held April 13, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 12 Public Process Documentation, Public Hearing at Chicago Cultural Center, held April 14, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 13 Public Process Documentation, Friends of the Parks, meeting held April 15, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 14 Public Process Documentation, Grant Park Advisory Council, meeting held April 15, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 15 Public Process Documentation, Metropolitan Planning Council, meeting held April 17, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 16 Public Process Documentation, Central Michigan Avenue Association, meeting held April 22, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 17 Public Process Documentation, Chicago Park District, Board of Commissioners’ Approval of Resolution for Lakefront Millennium Project, April 22, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 18 Public Process Documentation, Openlands Project, meeting held April 30, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 19 Public Process Documentation, Commercial Club of Chicago, Civic Committee, meeting held May 12, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 20 Public Process Documentation, Chicago Park District, Minutes of Board of Commissioners’ meeting held May 13, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 21 Public Process Documentation, City Council Proceedings, meeting held June 10, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 22 Public Process Documentation, Chicago Plan Commission, minutes, May 14, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 23 Public Process Documentation, Public Design Workshop, meeting held June 9, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 24 Public Process Documentation, Public Design Workshop, meeting held July 9, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 25 Public Process Documentation, NEAR (New Eastside Association of Residents), meeting held July 20, 1999.
Box 1 Folder 26 Public Process Documentation, News Clips, January-July 1998.
Box 1 Folder 27 Economic Development Commentary , Council for Economic Development, Spring 1999.
Box 1 Folder 28 Progress Report, Laying the Groundwork for Chicago’s Central Area Plan, Phase I , 2000.
Box 1 Folder 29 Draft for Discussion, “Guiding Themes, Visions and Policies for Chicago’s Central Area”, 2001.
Box 1 Folder 30 Report, Millennium Park Case Study , by Scott Garland, Kim Maas, spring 2001.
Box 2 Folder 1 Millennium Garage, Chicago Park District Parking Facilities, Architectural Signage and Theme Graphics Program , Construction Documents, Bid Set. Includes 4 pull-out plans. 2001. See also o/s A1-3.
Box 2 Folder 2 Grant Park Framework Plan, A Plan for Restoration and Development , Chicago Park District/Grant Park Steering Committee. Includes history of Grant Park, 2002.
Box 2 Folder 3 Millennium Park Map and Key , shows garage parking and transportation, 2004.
Box 2 Folder 4 Cover letter removed from Better Than Perfect: the making of Chicago’s Millennium Park , by Robert Sharoff, privately published for Walsh Construction Company, W.E. O’Neil Construction Company, and U.S. Equities Realty, c.2004. See F548.65.M55S43 .
Box 2 Folder 5 Brochure, Chicago Architecture Foundation, Long and Short Walking Tours , 2004.
Box 2 Folder 6 Art Institute of Chicago, relationship with Millennium Park, 2004.
Box 2 Folder 7 Chicago Magazine’s Chicagoan of the Year Luncheon Booklet, John H. Bryan, recipient, 2004.
Box 2 Folder 8 Millennium Park Clippings, November 1998 – December 1999.
Box 2 Folder 9 Millennium Park Clippings, August 5, 2001 – July 15, 2004.
Box 2 Folder 10 Millennium Park Clippings, July 16, 2004 – July 23, 2004.
Box 2 Folder 11 Millennium Park Clippings, July 26, 2004 – February 18, 2005.
Box 3 Folder 1 Millennium Park Oral History Project, Overview, August 2005.
Box 3 Folder 2 Millennium Park Oral History Project, Ed Uhlir Director of Design, Architecture and Landscape, interview, transcription, August 2, 2005. See also General VHS # 7 and General CD # 1.
Box 3 Folder 3 Millennium Park Oral History Project, Joe Nagle, Director of Operations, interview, transcription, August 8, 2005. See also General VHS # 8 and General CD # 2.
Box 3 Folder 4 Millennium Park Oral History Project, David Ortega, Director of Private Meetings and Events, interview, transcription, August 8, 2005. See also General VHS # 8 and General CD # 2.
Box 3 Folder 5 Millennium Park Oral History Project, Liz Edwards, Special Projects Manager, Rob Omoris, John Bryan’s Administrator, interview, transcriptions, August 9, 2005. See also General VHS # 9 and General CD # 3.
Box 3 Folder 6 Millennium Park Oral History Project, Colleen Schuetz, Head Horticulturalist, interview, transcription, August 10, 2005. See also General VHS # 10.
Box 3 Folder 7 Brochure, Millennium Park Chicago , 2006. 2 copies.
Box 3 Folder 8 Brochure, Lurie Garden Guide , 2006. 2 copies.
Box 3 Folder 9 Brochure, Free Summer Events ’06 , 2006.
Box 3 Folder 10 Brochure, Technosphere Art, Exelon Corporation, 2006.
Box 3 Folder 11 Brochure, In Search of Paradise: Great Gardens of the World , Exhibit in Boeing Galleries, 2006.
Box 3 Folder 12 Brochure, Free Guided Tours of the Lurie Garden in Millennium Park , 2006.
Box 3 Folder 13 Brochure, Explore Millennium Park through the Self-Guided Audio Tour , 2006.
Box 3 Folder 14 Brochure, McDonald’s Cycle Center, Bike Rentals & Tours , 2006.
Box 3 Folder 15 Brochure, Millennium Park Workouts , 2006.

Oversize

o/s A1 Chicago Park District Parking Facilities, Theme Graphics Program Simon Design, Inc., November 1999. See also Box 2/1.
o/s A2 Chicago Park District Parking Facilities, Theme Graphics Program Simon Design, Inc., December 1999. See also Box 2/1.
o/s A3 Architectural drawings, sections, Millennium Park, Anticipated Completion for Garage, February 2000. Original is hand-colored, two scanned duplicates. See also Box 2/1.
o/s A4 Architectural drawings, site plan, Millennium Park, Donor Elements, February 2000. Original is hand-colored, two scanned duplicates.
o/s A5 Architectural drawings, site plan, Millennium Park, Anticipated Completion for Base Park Scheme, February 2000. Original is hand- colored, two scanned duplicates.
o/s A6 Architectural drawings, site plan, Millennium Park, Base Park Scheme, February 2000. Original is hand-colored, two scanned copies.
o/s A7 Sales brochure, The Heritage at Millennium Park , Condominiums, 2003.
o/s A8 Park Grill Logo Designs, VSA Partners, with handwritten notes by Ed Uhlir, 2003.
o/s A9 Presentation board, details of lettering to be carved onto stone, n.d.
o/s A10 Presentation board, site plan showing where ovolos are to be placed, Vignelli Associates, 2002.
o/s A11 Presentation board, bench and trash receptacle designs, n.d.
o/s A12 Presentation board, Millennium Park Mural Project, School of the Art Institute of Chicago, n.d.
o/s B1-8 Color prints of Michael McCann’s original watercolors of the Park’s original vision. 8 different images, n.d.
o/s D7 Presentation board, three Michael McCann watercolors, South Lawn and Fountain, Millennium Terrace Sky View, Millennium Terrace, n.d. 46″ x 23″.
o/s B9 Architectural rendering, site plan showing placement of different species of trees, hand-colored, July 1, 2001. See also Box 1/6.
o/s B10 Architectural rendering, site plan showing placement of different species of trees, hand-colored November 15, 2001. See also Box 1/6.
o/s B11 Architectural rendering, site plan showing placement of different species of trees, hand-colored, December 15, 2001. See also Box 1/6.
o/s B12 Architectural rendering, site plan showing placement of different species of trees, hand-colored, Summer 2002. See also Box 1/6.
o/s C7 Presentation board, The Trees of Chicago’s Lakefront Millennium Park, Terry Guen Design Associates, Inc., 2001.
o/s D105 Millennium Park, Randolph Plaza, Design Development Planting Plan, Terry Guen Design Associates, Inc., 2003. 36″ x 29″.
o/s B13 The Terraces at Millennium Park, Garofalo Architects and Xavier Vendrell Studio, 2003.
o/s B14 3 presentation boards, Millennium Park, Removable Aluminum Fences Proposal, Environ, Harley Ellis, 2004.
o/s B15 3 presentation boards, each board is two-sided, Millennium Park Bench Schematic Ideas, Gustafson, Guthrie, Nichol Ltd., March 8, 2004. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductionspermission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s B16 Millennium Park Initial Logo Presentation, Brainforest, Strategically Informed Communication, 2 copies, 2005.
o/s C1 Presentation board, façade detail of temporary fabric design, McCormick Tribune Plaza, n.d.
o/s C2 Presentation board, details of proposed permanent donor recognition walls and locations, OWP&P, n.d.
o/s C3 Presentation board, Millennium Park, Information Panel, Jay Pritzker Pavilion, n.d.
o/s C4 Presentation board, Millennium Park, Information Panel, Lurie Garden, n.d.
o/s C5 Presentation board, Millennium Park, Information Panel, BP Bridge, n.d.
o/s C6 Presentation board, Millennium Park, Information Panel, Sculpture on the SBC Plaza, Crown Fountain, n.d.
o/s D1 Presentation board, Millennium Park, the cake beneath the icing, A.C.E.C. (American Council of Engineering Companies) Illinois, honor award, n.d. 30″ x 30″.
o/s D2 Presentation board, Chicago’s Millennium Park Map, n.d. 41″ x 31″.
o/s D3 Poster board, Shrubs for Millennium Terrace Planters, Plans, Terry Guen Design Associates Inc., n.d. 40″ x 32″.
o/s D4 Presentation board, Lakefront Millennium Project, Current Site Plan, SOM (Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP), 1998. 36″ x 29″.
o/s D5 Presentation board, site plan, OWP&P., n.d. 23″ x 33″.
o/s D6 Presentation board, drawings and photographs, Views from Preferred Landing Zone [of BP Bridge], Ed Uhlir, n.d. 30″ x 40″.
o/s D8 Presentation board, Lakefront Millennium Project, Michigan Avenue elevation (shows Randolph, Washington, Madison, Monroe streets with Music and Dance Theater and sculpture), SOM (Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP), 1998. 94″ x 15″.
o/s D9 Presentation board, Lakefront Millennium Project, Michigan Avenue elevation (shows Music and Dance Theater and sculpture), McDonough, Associates Inc., SOM (Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP), 1998. 94″ x 15″.
o/s D10 Presentation board, Lakefront Millennium Project, Randolph Street elevation, SOM (Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP), 1998. 94″ x 15.

Audio-Visual

Photographs

o/s C18 Presentation board, photograph of site before construction began. Shows surface parking lot, train tracks, looking south, color, 3 December 1999. 30″ x 12 ½”. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
o/s D103 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, looking south-west, color, 3 December 1999. 60″ x 40″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
o/s B19 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
o/s B20 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
o/s B21 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
o/s B22 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
o/s B23 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
o/s B24 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
CD # 4 380 color photographs of Millennium Park taken by Ricardo Phillips, May- August 2005. On CD.

VHS Video Cassettes

General 1 The Lakefront Millennium Project. A color, computer-generated virtual tour of the early design for the Lakefront Millennium Project, with musical soundtrack, presented by the City of Chicago, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP, and McDonough Associates Inc., produced by Envision Digital Imaging. 1 February 1999. 2 minutes, 42 seconds.
General 2 The Lakefront Millennium Project. A color, computer- generated virtual tour of the early design for the Lakefront Millennium Project, with Vivaldi’s Four Seasons and nature sounds soundtrack, presented by the City of Chicago, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP, and McDonough Associates Inc., produced by Envision Digital Imaging. 4 March 1999. 2 minutes, 43 seconds. Same as #1 but different soundtrack.
General 3 A color, computer-generated virtual tour of the early design for the Lakefront Millennium Project. This is the same as tapes # 1 and 2 but there are no opening or closing credits or any sound. [Presented by the City of Chicago, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP, and McDonough Associates Inc., produced by Envision Digital Imaging.] c. 1999. 2 minutes, 13 seconds.
General 4 The Millennium Park Report Package. WLS-TV (ABC) Chicago Eyewitness News report and interview with Ed Uhlir discussing the plans and early stages of construction at Millennium Park, by Martha Valerio, student of the Art Institute of Chicago. 24 February 2001. 2 minutes.
General 5 Millennium Park. Public presentation and slide show given by Ed Uhlir to an unidentified small group, outlining the history of Grant Park and the future plans for the site. 6 March 2003. 60 minutes. The picture quality is poor, out of focus.
General 6 Millennium Park. Fox News at 9, WFLD-TV/Channel 32 (Fox) Chicago. News report and interview with Ed Uhlir touring the construction site at Millennium Park, by Mark Suppelsa. 15 April 2004. 4 minutes, 35 seconds.
General 7 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Ed Uhlir, August 2, 2005. 45 minutes. See also General Box 3, folder 2 and General CD # 1.
General 8 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Joe Nagle and David Ortega, August 8, 2005. 53 minutes. See also General Box 3, folders 3-4 and General CD # 2.
General 9 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Liz Edwards and Rob Omoris, August 9, 2005. 32 minutes. See also General Box 3, folder 5 and General CD # 3.
General 10 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Colleen Schuetz, August 10, 2005. 29 minutes. See also General Box 3, folder 6.

CD

General CD # 1 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Ed Uhlir, August 2, 2005. 45 minutes. See also General Box 3, folder 2 and General VHS # 7.
General CD # 2 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Joe Nagle and David Ortega, August 8, 2005. 53 minutes. See also General Box 3, folders 3-4 and General VHS # 8.
General CD # 3 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Liz Edwards and Rob Omoris, August 9, 2005. 32 minutes. See also General Box 3, folder 5 and General VHS # 9.
General CD # 4 380 color photographs of Millennium Park taken by Ricardo Phillips, May- August 2005.

OPENING WEEKEND SERIES

Materials in this series relate to events around the opening weekend of Millennium Park on July 16, 2004 and the Inaugural Gala on July 24, 2004. Researchers should also consult the Millennium Park Oral History Project files in the General Series (box 3, folder 5; General VHS # 9; and General CD # 3) for more detailed information about the Opening Weekend.

Box 1 Folder 1 Invitation to Grand Opening, July 2004.
Box 1 Folder 2 Invitation to Grand Opening, Special Guest Package sent by Mayor’s Office, July 2004.
Box 1 Folder 3 Jam Productions, Proposals for Opening Weekend, 2004 [CD removed to Audio Visual.]
Box 1 Folder 4 Brochure, Millennium Park Schedule and Map, July 16-18, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 5 Brochure, Millennium Park Free Grand Opening Celebration, July 16-18, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 6 Booklet, Grant Park Music Festival, Pritzker Premiere Weekend, July 16-18, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 7 Press Packet, Millennium Park, contains press releases, tourism brochures and fact sheet on the Park, July 16-18, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 8 Press Packet, Millennium Park, contains press releases, promotional materials, information about Frank Gehry, Anish Kapoor, Jaumé Plensa, Kathryn Gustafson, Grant Park Music Festival and John Bryan, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 9 Time Out Chicago, Millennium Park, Your Guide to the City’s Hottest New Hangout, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 10 Invitation to Symposium, Architecture and Design Society, Art Institute of Chicago, Millennium Park, Landscape, Art, & Architecture, July 23, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 11 Inaugural Gala, Save the Date mailer, July 24, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 12 Inaugural Gala, Opening Reception Booklet, July 24, 2004.Audio-Visual

Photographs

1.1 Redmoon Theater, performance on opening weekend, July 17, 2004.
CD # 2 312 color photographs of the opening weekend taken by Caroline O’Boyle, July 2004.

CD

O/W CD # 1 CD from Jam Productions. Proposal for opening weekend, 2004. Removed from Opening Weekend box 1, folder 3.
O/W CD # 2 312 color photographs of the opening weekend taken by Caroline O’Boyle, July 2004.

Artifacts

2006.18 T-shirt, Millennium Park Security, made for the opening weekend, yellow with Millennium Park logo, “Security, Millennium Park, July 16-18 2004″, 2004.
2006.19 T-shirt, Millennium Park Security, made for the opening weekend, yellow with Millennium Park logo, “Security, Millennium Park, July 16-18 2004″, 2004.
2006.20 T-shirt, Chicago Architecture Foundation, red with Chicago Architecture Foundation’s logo, “Docent”, on front and back, 2004.
2006.21 Pins, circular, metal pins (3) worn by construction workers attending the Inaugural Gala, 24 July 2004.
2006.22 Staff Passes (2) for opening weekend, laminated, “Staff All Access, July 16-18 2004″, 2004.
2006.23 Identity Badge and Lanyard, Millennium Park Host ID badge, used at opening weekend, 2004.
2006.24 Identity Badge and Lanyard, Millennium Park Site Access ID badge, used at opening weekend, 2004.
2006.25 Folding fans (3), promotional fans given out at the Inaugural Gala, 24 July 2004, 2004.
2006.26 Disposable camera, 27 exposure, for volunteers to use at opening weekend, includes instructions for volunteers to turn in the used camera, 2004.

JAY PRITZKER MUSIC PAVILION / B. P. PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE SERIES

Historical Note

Pritzker Pavilion

Name: Jay Pritzker Music Pavilion
Designer: Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc., Los Angeles, California
Developmental Manager: U.S. Equities Realty, LLC, Chicago, Illinois
General Contractor: Walsh Construction Company, Chicago, Illinois
Structural Engineer: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, Chicago, Illinois
Sound System: The Talaske Group, Oak Park, Illinois
Dimensions: Headdress: 100 feet tall
Great Lawn: 625 by 325 feet
Capacity: 11,000 [4,000 seated plus 7,000 on Great Lawn]
Cost: $60 million [includes $15 million from the Pritzker Foundation]
Completed 2004


B.P. Bridge

Name: B.P. Pedestrian Bridge
Designer: Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc., Los Angeles, California
General Contractor: Walsh Construction Company, Chicago, Illinois
Structural Engineer: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, Chicago, Illinois
Dimensions: 925 feet
Cost: $14.5 million [includes $5m from B.P.]

The Jay Pritzker Music Pavilion was designed by Frank Gehry and is named in honor of Jay Pritzker, the late husband of Cindy Pritzker, who were co-founders of the prestigious award, the Pritzker Architecture Prize.

The Pritzker Pavilion, the outdoor concert venue in Millennium Park, built in typical Frank Gehry style, is a flamboyant structure that has been critically acclaimed across the world. The stage can accommodate 120 musicians and a choral terrace holds up to 150 performers. The backstage area is shared with the Joan W. and Irving B. Harris Theater for Music and Dance. Four thousand spectators can watch performances from fixed seats in front of the stage, and an additional 7,000 can listen from the Great Lawn behind. Those on the Lawn can enjoy the state-of-the-art sound system via an overhead trellis of crisscrossing steel pipes.

In designing the Pritzker Pavilion, Frank Gehry took pains to ensure the venue worked well for musical performances and that those on the Great Lawn felt drawn into the event. With this in mind, the proscenium, or “headdress” is not only stunning visually, it’s a key component of the cutting-edge sound system. The sound is directed out from the stage by the steel ribbons that billow outwards and upwards. Similarly, the steel flanking the sides of the stage helps distribute the sound out to the audience. The overhead speakers attached to the trellis carry the high-quality sound to those on the Great Lawn, which is twice the size of a football field. The stage can be closed off by two sliding glass doors, each 30 by 50 feet creating an indoor space in winter.

The B.P. Bridge is Frank Gehry’s first bridge actually constructed. Designed after the Pritzker Pavilion, the B.P. Bridge is 925 feet long, more than 10 times the width of Columbus Drive, the street it spans. The length of the bridge, and the serpentine shape of it, creates a very gentle slope which in turn allows equal access to people who are physically challenged, the elderly, and those with strollers. This was an important aspect of the bridge’s overall design and one with which Ed Uhlir was particularly concerned. The bridge itself acts as a sound barrier, blocking out traffic noise from busy Columbus Drive and Lake Shore Drive beyond, especially important during performances.

For more information on the Pritzker Pavilion and the B.P. Bridge, including the philanthropy of the Pritzker Foundation, researchers should consult Timothy J. Gilfoyle’s Millennium Park: Creating a Chicago Landmark, published in Chicago, Illinois in 2006. F548.65.M55G55 2006.

Box 1 Folder 1 Presentation board, photograph of model showing pavilion, trellis, and great lawn, looking north, early design, c. 1999. 8″ x 12″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Box 1 Folder 2 Presentation board, photograph of model showing pavilion, trellis, and great lawn, looking northeast, early design, c. 1999. 11 ½” x 8″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Box 1 Folder 3 Presentation board, photograph of model showing pavilion, trellis, and great lawn, looking west, early design, c. 1999. 12″ x 8″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Box 1 Folder 4 Presentation board, photograph of model showing pavilion, trellis, great lawn, and bridge, looking north, c. 1999. 13″ x 7″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Box 1 Folder 5 Presentation board, photograph of model showing pavilion, trellis, great lawn, and bridge, looking northwest, c. 1999. 13″ x 7″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Box 1 Folder 6 Presentation board, photograph of model showing pavilion and stage, c. 1999. 13″ x 7″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Box 1 Folder 7 Presentation board, photograph of model showing pavilion and stage, looking northwest through the trellis, c. 1999. 13″ x 7″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Box 1 Folder 8 Presentation board, photograph of model showing light treatment on pavilion and stage, c. 1999. 13″ x 7″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Box 1 Folder 9 Presentation board, photograph of model showing light treatment on pavilion and stage, looking northwest through trellis, c. 1999. 13″ x 7″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Box 1 Folder 10 Presentation board, photograph of model showing pavilion, trellis, and bridge, looking west, c. 1999. 13″ x 7″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D22 Presentation board, Millennium Park Project, Site Plan, November 3, 1999, scale 1/50″ = 1’ 0″, Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc. 66″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D23 Presentation board, Millennium Park Project, Site Plan, November 3, 1999, scale 1/32″ = 1’ 0″. Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc. 66″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D24 Presentation board, Millennium Park Project, Partial Sections, November 3, 1999, Axonometric View, Centerline Section, scale 1/16″ = 1’ 0″. Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc. 66″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D25 Presentation board, Millennium Park Project, Partial Section at Music Pavilion Elevation, Transverse Section Through Platform, November 3, 1999. Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc. 66″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D26 Presentation board, Millennium Park Project, Centerline Section, November 3, 1999, scale ¼” =1’ 0″. Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc. 66″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D27 Presentation board, Millennium Park Project, Platform Level Plan, El. +27’-0″, November 3, 1999, scale 3/8″ = 1’ 0″. [Shows orchestra area and choral terrace.] Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc. 66″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D28 Presentation board, Millennium Park Project, Platform Level Plan, El. +27’-0″, November 3, 1999, scale 1/16″ = 1’ 0″. [Shows pavilion and lawn.] Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc. 66″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D29 Presentation board, Millennium Park Project, Chorus Level Plan, El. +37’-0″, November 3, 1999, scale 1/16″ = 1’ 0″. Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc. 64 ½” x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D32 Presentation board, digital rendering, black and white, c. 1999. Perspective looking north-west, showing pavilion and skyline. 62″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D33 Presentation board, digital rendering, black and white, c. 1999. Perspective looking west, showing pavilion and skyline. 62″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D34 Presentation board, digital rendering, black and white, c. 1999. Perspective looking north, showing pavilion and surrounding buildings. 58 ½” x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D35 Presentation board, digital rendering, black and white, c. 1999. Perspective looking down through the trellis, showing seated area and stage. 56″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D104 Presentation board, digital rendering, black and white, c. 1999. Perspective, bird’s-eye view looking west, showing bridge in foreground, pavilion beyond and Cloud Gate sculpture at rear. 55″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D36 Presentation board, digital rendering, black and white, c. 1999. Perspective looking west, showing pavilion and partial trellis. 55″ x 36″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D30 Presentation board, Millennium Park Project, Site Plan, Sheet Number A1-1.0, c. 2000. [From construction documents?] Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc. 41 ½” x 32″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D31 Presentation board, Millennium Park Project, Partial Sections at Music Pavilion, Sheet Number A3-3.1, c. 2000. [From construction documents?] Frank O. Gehry & Associates Inc. 41 ½” x 32″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D37 Presentation board, photograph of pavilion model, color, c. 2000. 42″ x 32″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A43 Presentation board, two photographs of pavilion with color light treatment and stage during a performance, c. 2004. 16 ½” X 10″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A44 Presentation board, two photographs of BP bridge with light treatments by Lightswitch, c. 2004. 16 ½” x 10″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A45 Presentation board, digital rendering of Pritzker Pavilion with overlay of painted trees, n.d. 11″ x 17″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s B17 Presentation board, images and site plans showing the Pritzker Pavilion and BP Bridge, n.d. 24″ x 15″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s B18 Plan of BP Bridge showing planting plan, n.d. 16″ x 20″. R Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s C8 Presentation board, photograph of model showing stage and light treatment on pavilion, n.d. 30″ x 22″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s C9 Presentation board, site plan and photograph montages of 4 different views of the landing site of the BP Bridge, Ed Uhlir, n.d. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Audio-Visual

Photographs

1.1 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.2 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.3 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.4 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.5 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.6 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.7 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.8 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.9 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.10 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.11 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.12 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.13 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.14 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.15 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.16 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.17 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.18 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.19 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.20 Color, digital photograph of the pavilion model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.21 Color photograph of exterior of Frank Gehry and Associates Inc. offices in Los Angeles, California, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.
1.22 Color photograph of model in Frank Gehry’s studio in Los Angeles, California, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.
1.23 Color photograph, staff at Frank Gehry’s studio in Los Angeles, California, Ed Uhlir, Rick Talaske, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.
1.24 Color photograph, staff at Frank Gehry’s studio in Los Angeles, California, Robert Shook, Craig Webb, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.
1.25 Color photograph, staff at Frank Gehry’s studio in Los Angeles, California, Craig Webb, Rick Talaske, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.
1.26 Color photograph, staff at Frank Gehry’s studio in Los Angeles, California, Robert Shook, Lyn Pylon, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.

VHS Video Cassettes

Pritzker 1 Frank Gehry and Millennium Park Model. WBBM-TV (CBS) Chicago News 2 at 10 report and interview with Frank Gehry talking about the design of the band shell for Millennium Park, by Katherine Bliss. 24 July 2000. 3 minutes, 43 seconds.

CLOUD GATE SERIES

 

Historical Note

Name: Cloud Gate
Designer: Anish Kapoor, London, United Kingdom
Dimensions: 66 feet long, 42 feet wide, 33 feet high, weighs 100 tons
Fabricator: Performance Structures Inc., Oakland, California
Cost: $20 million, [includes $3 million from SBC]
Completed 2006

Cloud Gate, by Anish Kapoor, is made of 168 plates of highly polished stainless steel welded seamlessly into one. Weighing 110 tons and measuring 33 feet high, 42 feet wide, and 66 feet long, Cloud Gate is one of the largest outdoor sculptures in the world.

Anish Kapoor presented the design for his sculpture for Millennium Park in 1998 and, with the help of engineer Ethan Silva of Performance Structures Inc. (PSI), overcame enormous difficulties in achieving the finished look of liquid mercury desired by the artist. Silva used a computer-controlled milling machine to make the individual steel plates. The sculpture was made by PSI in Oakland, California, then disassembled, and transported to Chicago. When Millennium Park opened to the public in July 2004 the sculpture was not yet complete. While the piece was fully assembled, the welds still had to be ground out and polished. In January 2005 Cloud Gate was covered by a large tent-like enclosure while the final sanding, grinding and polishing were completed. The finished artwork was dedicated on May 15, 2006.

As is his practice, Anish Kapoor did not name his sculpture until it was fairly well complete. The unnamed installation was affectionately known as “the Bean” by Chicagoans, much to the chagrin of Kapoor. However, at the dedication of the sculpture Kapoor acknowledged its colloquial name, his sculpture having become one of the most recognizable and popular pieces of public art in the world.

For more information about the design and construction of Cloud Gate, or for more information about Anish Kapoor and his work, researchers are encouraged to consult Timothy J. Gilfoyle’s Millennium Park: Creating a Chicago Landmark, F548.65.M55G55 2006.

Box 1 Folder 1 Biography, Anish Kapoor, c. 2002.
Box 1 Folder 2 Scanned images of computer renderings of Cloud Gate , n.d. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Box 1 Folder 3 Transport of the Anish Kapoor Sculpture, October 2002.
o/s A46 “The Fabricator, official publication of the Fabricators and Manufacturers Association, International”, May 2006. Contains case study article, “Metal Fabricating in a New Millennium” by Kate Bachman.
o/s D11 Presentation board, computer rendering of Cloud Gate , n.d. 23″ x 34″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Audio-Visual

Photographs

1.1 Color, computer-generated rendering of Cloud Gate, c. 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.2 Color, computer-generated rendering of Cloud Gate, c. 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.3 Color, computer-generated rendering of Cloud Gate, c. 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
1.4 Color, computer-generated rendering of Cloud Gate, c. 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Artifacts

2006.16 Maquette, Cloud Gate by Anish Kapoor, scale model, 1/16″ = 1’.00″. Made of solid cast steel through the lost wax process, surface is grained, sanded, polished and chrome electroplated to same specifications as real sculpture for image reflection, 1999.

CROWN FOUNTAIN SERIES

Historical Note

Name: Crown Fountain
Artist: Jaumé Plensa, Barcelona, Spain
Architect: Kreuck Sexton Architects, Chicago, Illinois
Engineer: Halvorsen Kaye SE, Chicago, Illinois
Dimensions: Two towers, each 50 feet tall, 23 feet wide, 16 feet deep. The “skin pool” is 232 feet long, 48 feet wide. Approximately 28,000 glass bricks, each 5″ tall, 10″ long, 2″ thick.
Cost: $17 million [includes $10 million from the Crown Foundation]

Crown Fountain is comprised of two rectangular towers of glass brick at either end of a reflecting, or “skin” pool. Behind the glass brick, light emitting diodes (LED) project changing images on the two facing sides of the towers. Mostly people’s faces are shown, and periodically a jet of water shoots out of their mouths into the reflecting pool. In tandem with the jet of water, a large volume of water cascades down each tower drenching those below. The skin pool measures 232’ long by 48’ wide.

o/s A13 Proposal for Crown Fountain by Wet Design, 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A14 Presentation board, digital rendering of Crown Fountain showing possible imagery, whale, n.d. 15 ¼” x 10″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A15 Presentation board, digital rendering of Crown Fountain , light study, n.d. 14 ½” x 11″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A16 Presentation board, digital rendering of Crown Fountain showing possible imagery, man’s face with jet of water coming from his mouth, n.d. 15 ½” x 10″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A17 Presentation board, digital rendering of Crown Fountain showing possible imagery, whale, n.d. 14 ½” x 11″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A18 Presentation board, digital rendering of Crown Fountain showing 4 possible images, n.d. 13 ½” x 10 ½”. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D12 Presentation board, digital rendering of Crown Fountain showing possible imagery, man’s face, n.d. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D13 Presentation board, digital rendering of Crown Fountain showing possible imagery, man’s face with water spout from mouth, n.d. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D14 Presentation board, digital rendering of Crown Fountain showing possible imagery, woman’s face, n.d. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Audio-Visual

Photographs

1.1- 1.24 Color photographs, mock up of Crown Fountain to see the scale and impact of one tower, c. 2003. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.

Artifacts

2006.14 Architectural Model, Crown Fountain, by Jaumé Plensa, showing two towers and trees, c. 2001.
2006.15 Architectural Model, Crown Fountain, interior of one tower, detailing inner components and presentation of working parts combining the structure of the tower, water management parts, electrical, electronic and optical elements, c. 2001.

 

 

LURIE GARDEN SERIES

Historical Note

Name: Lurie Garden
Designers: Gustafson, Guthrie, Nichol Ltd., Seattle, Washington
Robert Israel, Los Angeles, California
Piet Oudolph, Hummelo, The Netherlands
Dimensions: 2 ½ acres
Cost: $13.2 million [includes $10 million from Ann Lurie]
Completed: June 2004

The Lurie Garden occupies the southeast corner of Millennium Park. An international garden design competition was held to design the garden and the Shoulder Garden, submitted by Gustafson, Guthrie, Nichol Ltd, partnering with plant specialist Piet Oudolph and lighting designer Robert Israel, was the winner. Ann Lurie, president of the Ann and Robert H. Lurie Foundation, donated $10 million to have the garden built, and it was named in her honor.

The 2 ½-acre Shoulder Garden has over 200 species of plants and has two distinct planting areas, a Light Plate and a Dark Plate, separated by an Extrusion Plaza, or the Seam, a boardwalk-type of path running in a slight diagonal to the north and south. A tall, dense shoulder hedge surrounds most of the Garden, giving a nod to Carl Sandburg’s famous poem.

Eleven designers entered the garden competition; Jeff Mendoza Garden; Douglas Hoerr; Peter Walker and Partners; Office of Dan Kiley; Clock House Denmans; Gustafson Partners; Louis Benech; Studio on Site; Glass Garden; Michael Van Valkenburgh; and Olin Partnership. The 3 finalists were Jeff Mendoza Garden, the Office of Dan Kiley, and Gustafson Partners, the eventual winners.

For a detailed description of the competition and the concepts behind each entry, researchers should consult Constructed Ground: The Millennium Garden Design Competition by Charles Waldheim, published in Urbana, Illinois in 2001, SB466.U65C568 2001. For more information on the Lurie Garden, including the philanthropy of the Ann and Robert H. Lurie Foundation, researchers are advised to consult Timothy J. Gilfoyle’s Millennium Park: Creating a Chicago Landmark, published in Chicago, Illinois in 2006. F548.65.M55G55 2006

Box 1 Folder 1 Garden design competition, Invitation to Participate, draft, annotated by Ed Uhlir. 5 July 2000.
Box 1 Folder 2 Garden design competition, Invitation to Participate, 17 July 2000.
Box 1 Folder 3 Garden design competition, List of participants, 2000.
Box 1 Folder 4 Garden design competition, List of jurors, 2000.
Box 1 Folder 5 Garden design competition, Entry Number 1, Urban Riff, 2 October 2000.
Box 1 Folder 6 Garden design competition, Entry Number 2, The Four Seasons Garden, c. October 2000.
Box 1 Folder 7 Garden design competition, Entry Number 3, The Glass Prairie, c. October 2000.
Box 1 Folder 8 Garden design competition, Entry Number 4, The Millennium Garden, c. October 2000.
Box 1 Folder 9 Garden design competition, Entry Number 5, The Millennium Garden, c. October 2000.
Box 1 Folder 10 Garden design competition, Entry Number 6, The Shoulder Garden, March 2001.
Box 1 Folder 11 Garden design competition, Entry Number 11, The Wind and Water Garden, c. October 2000.
Box 1 Folder 12 Garden design competition, Entry Number 14, A Garden Celebration of Chicago, 2 October 2000.
Box 1 Folder 13 Garden design competition, Project Manual, Monroe Garden, Chicago, IL., Gustafson Partners Ltd., 30% Construction Documents, 13 September 2002.

Researchers should also consult the Millennium Park Oral History Project files in the General Series (box 3, folder 5 and General VHS # 10) for more detailed information regarding the horticulture of Millennium Park.

Jeff Mendoza Garden

o/s D38 Presentation board, Jeff Mendoza Garden, Urban Riff Garden, Entry # 1. Site Plan, October 2, 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D39 Presentation board, Jeff Mendoza Garden, Urban Riff Garden, Entry # 1. Context Plan, October 2, 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D40 Presentation board, Jeff Mendoza Garden, Urban Riff Garden, Entry # 1. Orchestration, October 2, 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s C10 Presentation board, Jeff Mendoza Garden, Urban Riff Garden, Entry # 1. Perspective, no text, n.d. 30″ x 20″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s C11 Presentation board, Jeff Mendoza Garden, Urban Riff Garden, Entry # 1. Perspective, no text, n.d. 30″ x 20″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Douglas Hoerr

o/s D41 Presentation board, Douglas Hoerr, Four Seasons Garden, Entry # 2. Site Plan, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D42 Presentation board, Douglas Hoerr, Four Seasons Garden, Entry # 2. Bird’s-Eye Perspective Looking North, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D43 Presentation board, Douglas Hoerr, Four Seasons Garden, Entry # 2. Bird’s-Eye Perspective Looking Northwest, Urbs in Horto, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Peter Walker and Partners

o/s D44 Presentation board, Peter Walker and Partners, The Glass Prairie, Entry # 3. Plan, Applied Ecological Services, c. 2000. 40″ x 30″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D45 Presentation board, Peter Walker and Partners, The Glass Prairie, Entry # 3. Context Plan, c. 2000. 40″ x 30″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Office of Dan Kiley

o/s D46 Presentation board, Office of Dan Kiley, Millennium Garden, Entry # 4. Garden Plan (Summer), October 2, 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D47 Presentation board, Office of Dan Kiley, Millennium Garden, Entry # 4. Perspective, October 2, 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D48 Presentation board, Office of Dan Kiley, Millennium Garden, Entry # 4. Isometric View, October 2, 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Clock House Denmans

o/s D49 Presentation board, Clock House Denmans, Millennium Garden, Entry # 5. Site Plan, September 2000. 33 ¼” x 23 ½”. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D50 Presentation board, Clock House Denmans, Millennium Garden, Entry # 5. Design Process, September 2000. 32″ x 22″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D51 Presentation board, Clock House Denmans, Millennium Garden, Entry # 5. Sections, September 2000. 33 ¼” x 23 ½”. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Gustafson Partners

o/s D52 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. Site Plan, c. 2000. 32″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D53 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. North-South Section, Winter Character, c. 2000. 32″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D54 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. Interior Plates, Light Plate and The Seam, c. 2000. 32″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D55 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. Perspectives of The Seam and plants, c. 2000. 32″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D56 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. Concept, Axonometric, c. 2000. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D57 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. The Seam, Light Plate, Interior Plates, Light Plate and The Seam, c. 2000. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D58 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. Monroe Garden, Context Maps, March 2001. 32″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D59 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. Monroe Garden, North-South Section, Winter Character, March 2001. 32″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D60 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. Monroe Garden, Extrusion Plaza, Daytime/Summer and Nighttime/Winter, March 2001. 32″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D61 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. Monroe Garden, Interior Plates, Light Plate and The Seam, March 2001. 32″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D62 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, The Shoulder Garden, Entry # 6. Monroe Garden, Interior Plates, Dark Plate and Meeting Grove, March 2001. 32″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Louis Benech

o/s C12 Presentation board, Louis Benech, Millennium Garden, Entry # 9. Site Plan and Legend, c. 2000. 22″ x 28 ½”. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Studio on Site

o/s D63 Presentation board, Studio on Site, Living Chicago, Entry # 10. Site Plan, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D64 Presentation board, Studio on Site, Living Chicago, Entry # 10. Concept, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D65 Presentation board, Studio on Site, Living Chicago, Entry # 10. Perspectives, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Glass Garden

o/s D66 Presentation board, Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Site Plan, 3 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D67 Presentation board, Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Detail Site Plan, 4 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D68 Presentation board, Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Site Sections, 5 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D69 Presentation board, Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Sea Dome, Planting Concept, 12 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D70 Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Text on vellum, 1 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D71 Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Wind and Water, 2 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D72 Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Tropics Dome, 6 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D73 Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Desert Dome, 7 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D74 Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Sea Dome, 8 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D75 Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Sketches, 9 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D76 Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Tropics Dome, 10 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D77 Glass Garden, Wind and Water Garden, Entry # 11. Desert Dome, 11 of 12, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Michael Van Valkenburgh

o/s D78 Presentation board, Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Four Seasons Garden, Entry # 12. Four Seasons Garden for Millennium Park, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D79 Presentation board, Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Four Seasons Garden, Entry # 12. Spatial Structure, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D80 Presentation board, Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Four Seasons Garden, Entry # 12. Plant Palette, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D81 Presentation board, Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Four Seasons Garden, Entry # 12. Response to Urban Context, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D82 Presentation board, Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Four Seasons Garden, Entry # 12. Spatial Structure, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D83 Presentation board, Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Four Seasons Garden, Entry # 12. Four Seasons Garden for Millennium Park, c. 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D84, D85 Presentation board, Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Four Seasons Garden, Entry # 12. Response to Urban Context [2 panel set], c. 2000. Each panel 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Olin Partnership

o/s D86 Presentation board, Olin Partnership, A Garden Celebration of Chicago, Entry # 14. Concept and Plan, 2 October 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D87 Presentation board, Olin Partnership, A Garden Celebration of Chicago, Entry # 14. Sections, 2 October 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D88 Presentation board, Olin Partnership, A Garden Celebration of Chicago, Entry # 14. Grass and Sky Garden, 2 October 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D89 Presentation board, Olin Partnership, A Garden Celebration of Chicago, Entry # 14., Jens Jensen “Prairie River” Aquatic Garden and Prairie Garden, 2 October 2000. 36″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Competition winner: Gustafson & Partners

o/s D90 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, Axonometric, March 2001. 32″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D91 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, Site Plan – Autumn, Site Plan – Spring, Site Plan – Winter, March 2001. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D92 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, images of the model, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D93 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, Illustrative Ground-Plan Planting Plan: Dark Plate and Light Plate, Conceptual Diagrams, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D94 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, Site Plan: Spring, Site Plan: Summer to Autumn, Site Plan: Winter, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D95 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, Elevation – Armature, Section AA; Section BB, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D96 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, Elevation – Monroe Street, Elevation – Columbus Avenue, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D97 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, planting plan, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D98 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, planting plan, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D99 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, Light Plate Perennial Photos, Dark Plate Perennial Photos, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D100 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, photos of trees and hedges, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D101 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, Perspectives, Sections, Plan, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D102 Presentation board, Gustafson Partners, Monroe Garden, Lighting Plan, 100% Design Development, March 2002. 34″ x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Audio-Visual

VHS Video Cassettes
Lurie 1 Millennium Park Architects # 1, TCWD [the City Works Department]. Two informal interviews with two of the runner-up finalists in the Garden Competition, in preparation for interviews with the jury the following day. Ed Uhlir interviews Dan Kiley and Peter Meyer [Mier?) from the Office of Dan Kiley and asks them to explain their concepts and choice of plants selected in their entry. Ed Uhlir then interviews Sidney Neilson, Jeff Mendoza and Robert Monteleo from Jeff Mendoza Garden asking them much the same questions. n.d. 51 minutes, 54 seconds.

Artifacts

2005.9 Architectural Model, Lurie Garden, Garden Design Competition. Millennium Garden, submitted by finalist, the Office of Dan Kiley, c. 2000.
2005.10 Architectural Model, Lurie Garden, Garden Design Competition. The Shoulder Garden, submitted by finalist and ultimate winner, Gustafson Partners, c. 2000.
2005.11 Architectural Model, Lurie Garden, Garden Design Competition. Urban Riff, submitted by finalist, Jeff Mendoza Garden, c. 2000.
2005.13 Architectural Model, Lurie Garden, Garden Design Competition. The Shoulder Garden, more developed design submitted by competition winner, Gustafson Partners, c. 2001.

MILLENNIUM MONUMENT (PERISTYLE)AND WRIGLEY SQUARE SERIES

Historical Note

Name: Millennium Monument
Architect: O’Donnell, Wicklund, Pigozzi and Peterson Architects, Inc. [OWP&P], Chicago, IL (based on original drawings by Edward Bennett.)
Dimensions: 80 feet in diameter, almost 40 feet tall
Cost: $5 million [donated by Wm. Wrigley, Jr., Foundation]
Completed: 2002

The Millennium Monument in Wrigley Square is a smaller-scaled replica of the peristyle built on the same site in 1917. Designed by Edward Bennett, Daniel Burnham’s partner in the Plan of Chicago, the original peristyle was demolished in 1953 when the new Grant Park North Garage was built.

David Dillon and Michael Patrick Sullivan of OWP&P used Bennett’s drawings from the Chicago Park District’s archive to construct the Millennium Monument. The 24 paired, fluted columns are the same height as the original peristyle, though the diameter of the structure was reduced from 100 feet to 80 feet. This was done to make accommodation for the accessible ramp that goes behind the monument.

William Wrigley, Jr., and other Wrigley officials were interested in contributing to Millennium Park and the historic aspect of the peristyle was attractive to them. Furthermore, the original peristyle was constructed around the same time as the Wrigley Building; the classical architectural styles of both are similar. The William Wrigley Jr., Foundation contributed $5 million to the Monument, and the Square was named in its honor.

Box 1 Folder 1 Brochure, Millennium Park, Capturing a Moment in History, featuring the Millennium Monument (Peristyle) and Wrigley Square and Frank Gehry’s Music Pavilion, the Great Lawn, and the Bridge, 2001.
Box 1 Folder 2 Correspondence, from Debbie Webb, Art Institute of Chicago to Ed Uhlir, includes Xerox copies of photographs of the original Peristyle, 2001.
Box 1 Folder 3 Package to appeal for donors to Millennium Park, contains view of original Peristyle, plans of the park, elevations, and samples of lettering to be used on the Millennium Monument (Peristyle), c. 2001.
o/s A19 Presentation board, digital rendering of Millennium Monument (Peristyle) and Wrigley Square looking north, O’Donnell, Wicklund, Pigozzi and Peterson Architects, Inc. [OWP&P], c. 2000. 11″ x 17″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A20 Presentation board, digital rendering of Millennium Monument (Peristyle) and Wrigley Square looking northwest, OWP&P, 2000. 14 ½” x 10 ½”. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A21 Presentation board, digital rendering of Millennium Monument (Peristyle) and Wrigley Square looking east, daytime, OWP&P, c. 2000. 11″ x 17″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A22 Presentation board, digital rendering of Millennium Monument (Peristyle) and Wrigley Square looking east, nighttime, OWP&P, c. 2000. 11″ x 17″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A23 Presentation board, digital rendering of Millennium Monument (Peristyle) showing light treatment, ivy, n.d. 16 ½” x 10″.
o/s A24 Presentation board, digital rendering of Millennium Monument (Peristyle) showing light treatment, American flag, n.d. 16 ½” x 10″.
o/s A25 Digital rendering of Millennium Monument (Peristyle) showing light treatment, rainbow, n.d. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A26 Digital rendering of Millennium Monument (Peristyle) showing light treatment, red and green, n.d. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A27 Presentation board, digital rendering of Millennium Monument (Peristyle) and Wrigley Square, nighttime, OWP&P, c. 2000. 11″ x 17″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s D15 Presentation board, digital rendering of Millennium Monument (Peristyle) and Wrigley Square, nighttime, OWP&P, c. 2000. 27 ½” x 24″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Audio-Visual
VHS Video Cassettes

Peristyle 1 New Landmark Story. WGN (Chicago) News report about the history of the original peristyle and the construction of the new one in Millennium Park, with comments from Blair Kamin, Chicago Tribune’s architectural critic, and Bill Piet from the Wrigley Company Foundation. 22 April 2002. 3 minutes, 32 seconds. 22 April 2002.

Artifacts

2005.8 Architectural Model, Wrigley Square and Millennium Monument, designed by OWP&P plus base, c. 2000. The model measures 51 ½” x 48″ x 24″, the base measures 46 ½” x 46 ½” x 39. Both are on display on the 8th floor of the Harold Washington Library Center.

JOAN W. AND IRVING B. HARRIS THEATER FOR MUSIC AND DANCE SERIES

Historical Note

Name: Joan W. and Irving B. Harris Theater for Music and Dance
Architects: Hammond, Beeby, Rupert, Ainge Architects, Chicago, IL
Cost: $60 million [includes $15 million from Joan and Irving Harris]
Completed: 2003

The Joan W. and Irving B. Harris Theater for Music and Dance is located at the north end of Millennium Park along Randolph Street. Though not officially part of Millennium Park itself, the planning and construction of the Harris Theater was intimately involved with the overall planning of the Park, especially with Frank Gehry’s Jay Pritzker Pavilion.

The Harris Theater for Music and Dance opened on November 8, 2003 and represents the culmination of almost 20 years of searching by the Music and Dance Theater for a modern, mid-sized venue. Designed by Thomas Beeby of Hammond, Beeby, Rupert, Ainge Architects, the Harris Theater has already won several architectural awards.

In 1994 and 1995 twelve Founding Companies: Ballet Chicago; Chicago Opera Theater; Chicago Sinfonietta; The Dance Center of Columbia College Chicago; Hubbard Street Dance Chicago; Joffrey Ballet; Lyric Opera Center for American Artists; Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum; Muntu Dance Theatre of Chicago; Music of the Baroque; Old Town School of Folk Music; and Performing Arts Chicago, formed the Music and Dance Theater Inc., and began to look for a venue that would accommodate their, and other visiting companies’, needs. The new theater embodies all of their demands, a fly tower, egalitarian seating, a chamber for smaller audiences, a lobby, and an extremely flexible and functional loading dock which allows one company to unload sets and equipment while the theater is being used by another company, preventing delays between productions and, most importantly, additional days at the theater for which they have to pay rent.

Thomas Beeby altered and simplified his original design for the theater as Frank Gehry developed the band shell for the Pritzker Pavilion. The style of the theater is minimalist, and much of the interior is of unfinished, precast concrete. The walls of the theater are without any embellishment, only painted a variety of grays, black and white. The seating is non-hierarchical, the main floor slopes steeply back, ensuring good sightlines from all seats for dance performances, and the stage is wide and deep.

In February 2002 Joan and Irving Harris donated $15 million to the theater and lent $24 million for construction. To acknowledge their generosity, the theater was named for them in June 2003.

o/s D19 Presentation board, Chicago Music and Dance Theater, Transverse Section @ First Cross Aisle, 3 February 1999. 30 ½” x 24″.
o/s D20 Presentation board, digital rendering of Music and Dance Theater Chicago, July 1999. 36″ x 23″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist. Copyright notice “© 7.99 AD MC”.
o/s A39 Presentation board, Music and Dance Theater Chicago, Scheme C, site plan, Hammond, Beeby, Rupert, Ainge, Architects, November 9, 2000. 11″ x 17″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A40 Presentation board, Music and Dance Theater Chicago, site plan, Hammond, Beeby, Rupert, Ainge, Architects, December 21, 2000. 11″ x 17″. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
o/s A41 Presentation board, digital rendering of Chicago Music and Dance Theater at night, n.d. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A42 Presentation board, digital rendering of Chicago Music and Dance Theater at night, n.d. 11″ x 17″.
o/s D17 Presentation board, digital rendering of Chicago Music and Dance Theater showing interior stairs, n.d. 30″ x 25 ½”.
o/s D18 Presentation board, digital rendering of Chicago Music and Dance Theater showing interior lobby and stairs, n.d. 30″ x 25 ½”.
o/s D21 Presentation board, digital rendering of Music and Dance Theater Chicago, n.d. 40″ x 30″.
o/s A37 Digital color rendering of stage from balcony, n.d. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A38 Digital color rendering of stage, n.d. 11″ x 17″.

EXELON PAVILIONS SERIES

Historical Note

Name: Exelon Pavilions
Architects: North-most pavilions – Thomas Beeby
South-most pavilions – Renzo Piano
Cost: $7 million [includes $5 million from Exelon Corporation]

Providing access to the underground parking facilities, each of the four Exelon Pavilions uses “green” technology to provide additional power to the Park. Commonwealth Edison, a subsidiary of Exelon, donated $7 million to build them.

The two Exelon Pavilions at the north end of the Park, along Randolph Street, were designed by Thomas Beeby in harmony with the Harris Theater, also designed by Beeby. These pavilions have photovoltaic panels on all four sides of the buildings to convert heat and light from the sun into electricity without burning fuel or adding to pollution. As well as providing access to parking below, the Pavilions house a visitor center, office space, restrooms and a venue for special events.

The two Exelon Pavilions at the south end of the Park, along Monroe Street, were designed by Renzo Piano. With walls of limestone and glass, the Pavilions at the south end of the Park have photovoltaic panels on the roof which allow visitors to view the Lurie Garden as they come out of the elevators from the parking garages below. Piano is designing an addition to the Art Institute of Chicago, on the south side of Monroe Street, due to open sometime in 2009, and his Pavilions will complement the new building. Piano is also designing a pedestrian bridge, between the Art Institute of Chicago and the southwest corner of the Great Lawn.

For information about the Exelon Galleries, see Boeing Galleries .

Box 1 Folder 1 Spiral bound book, The Exelon Gallery of Chicago’s Millennium Park, n.d. Shows possible uses for the space. 2 copies.
o/s A31 Presentation board, two-sided. One side, Exelon Pavilions, Plan at Upper Randolph (East Pavilion), Not for Construction, Hammond Beeby Rupert Ainge, January 29, 2003. 11″ x 17″. Other side, Exelon Pavilions, Plan at Terrace (East Pavilion), Not for Construction, Hammond Beeby Rupert Ainge, January 29, 2003. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A32 Presentation board, Exelon Pavilions, Plan at Upper Randolph (West Pavilion), Not for Construction, Hammond Beeby Rupert Ainge, January 29, 2003. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A33 Presentation board, Exelon Pavilions, Plan at Terrace (West Pavilion), Not for Construction, Hammond Beeby Rupert Ainge, January 29, 2003. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A34 Presentation board, Exelon Pavilions, Plan at Mezzanine (West Pavilion), Not for Construction, Hammond Beeby Rupert Ainge, January 29, 2003. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A35 Presentation board, Exelon Pavilions, site elevation, upper Randolph, Not for Construction, Hammond Beeby Rupert Ainge, January 29, 2003. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A36 Presentation board, Exelon Pavilions, Elevation; Plan at Upper Randolph; Plan at Park Terrace; Plan at Mezzanine, Hammond Beeby Rupert Ainge, c. 2003. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A28 Spiral bound book, Exelon Pavilion Exhibits at Millennium Park, Concept Plan, 10 August 2004, Teller Madsen Inc. Shows a possible exhibition of the solar power process, the photovoltaic interactive kiosk. 11″ x 17″.
o/s D16 Duplicate of o/s A29, but larger, 30″ x 30″. Presentation board, digital rendering of Exelon Pavilions with Chicago Music and Dance Theater in background, n.d. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A29 Presentation board, digital rendering of Exelon Pavilions with Chicago Music and Dance Theater in background, n.d. 11″ x 17″.
o/s A30 Presentation board, digital rendering of Exelon Pavilions with Chicago Music and Dance Theater in background, n.d. 11″ x 17″.

BOEING GALLERIES SERIES

Historical Note

The Boeing Galleries were previously known as the “Exelon Galleries,” the term informally used to describe the area also known as the “mid level terraces” in the early planning stages of the Park. It was hoped Exelon would contribute additional funds to develop the area but this never happened. When the Park opened in July 2004, the mid level terraces were wide, grass and gravel paths. When the Boeing Company moved its headquarters to Chicago they contributed to Millennium Park by donating $5 million to pave the terraces in granite and add sycamore trees, creating an outdoor exhibition area. In recognition of this improvement, and of the money donated, the area was renamed the Boeing Galleries.

o/s C13 Presentation board, Boeing Galleries, Existing Site Plan. c. 2005. 30″ x 20″.
o/s C14 Presentation board, Boeing Galleries, Entrance Ovolo, c. 2005. 30″ x 20″.
o/s C15 Presentation board, Boeing Galleries, South Gallery from Michigan Avenue, c. 2005. 30″ x 20″.
o/s C16 Architectural drawing, Boeing Gallery South, Midlevel Terrace Plan, n.d. Approx. 22″ x 23″.
o/s C17 Architectural drawing, Boeing Gallery South, Midlevel Terrace Section A-A, n.d. Approx. 24″ x 20″.

AUDIO-VISUAL SERIES

Photographs

General

General o/s C18 Presentation board, photograph of site before construction began. Shows surface parking lot, train tracks, looking south, color, 3 December 1999. 30″ x 12 ½”. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
General o/s D103 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, looking south-west, color, 3 December 1999. 60″ x 40″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
General o/s B19 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
General o/s B20 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
General o/s B21 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
General o/s B22 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
General o/s B23 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
General o/s B24 Presentation board, photograph of construction site, color, 3 December 1999. 16″ x 16″. Photographer Gary Taber, Taber Photography.
CD #4 380 color photographs of Millennium Park taken by Ricardo Phillips, May- August 2005. On CD.

Opening Weekend

Opening Weekend 1.1 Redmoon Theater, performance on opening weekend, July 17, 2004. Photo Oversize Box 1.
CD # 2 312 color photographs of the opening weekend taken by Caroline O’Boyle, July 2004. On CD.

Pritzker Pavilion/B.P. Bridge

Pritzker 1.1 Color, digital photograph of the model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.2 Color, digital photograph of the model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.3 Color, digital photograph of the model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.4 Color, digital photograph of the model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.5 Color, digital photograph of the model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.6 Color, digital photograph of the model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.7 Color, digital photograph of the model, 28 September 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.8 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.9 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.10 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.11 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.12 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.13 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.14 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.15 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.16 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.17 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.18 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.19 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.20 Color, digital photograph of the model, c. 2000. Photographer: McDonough Associates, Inc. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Pritzker 1.21 Color photograph of exterior of Frank Gehry and Associates Inc. offices in Los Angeles, California, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.
Pritzker 1.22 Color photograph of model in Frank Gehry’s studio in Los Angeles, California, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.
Pritzker 1.23 Color photograph, staff at Frank Gehry’s studio in Los Angeles, California, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.
Pritzker 1.24 Color photograph, staff at Frank Gehry’s studio in Los Angeles, California, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.
Pritzker 1.25 Color photograph, staff at Frank Gehry’s studio in Los Angeles, California, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.
Pritzker 1.26 Color photograph, staff at Frank Gehry’s studio in Los Angeles, California, 1 July 1999. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.

Cloud Gate

Cloud Gate 1.1 Color, computer-generated rendering of Cloud Gate, c. 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Cloud Gate 1.2 Color, computer-generated rendering of Cloud Gate, c. 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Cloud Gate 1.3 Color, computer-generated rendering of Cloud Gate, c. 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.
Cloud Gate 1.4 Color, computer-generated rendering of Cloud Gate, c. 1999. Research copies may be made, for any other reproductions permission must be obtained from the Artist.

Crown Fountain

Crown 1.1- 1.24 Color photographs, mock up of Crown Fountain to see the scale and impact of one tower, c. 2003. Photographer: Ed Uhlir.

VHS Video Cassettes

General

General 1 The Lakefront Millennium Project . A color, computer-generated virtual tour of the early design for the Lakefront Millennium Project, with musical soundtrack, presented by the City of Chicago, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP, and McDonough Associates Inc., produced by Envision Digital Imaging. 1 February 1999. 2 minutes, 42 seconds.
General 2 The Lakefront Millennium Project . A color, computer-generated virtual tour of the early design for the Lakefront Millennium Project, with Vivaldi’s Four Seasons and nature sounds soundtrack, presented by the City of Chicago, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP, and McDonough Associates Inc., produced by Envision Digital Imaging. 4 March 1999. 2 minutes, 43 seconds. Same as #1 but different soundtrack.
General 3 A color, computer-generated virtual tour of the early design for the Lakefront Millennium Project. This is the same as tapes # 1 and 2 but there are no opening or closing credits or any sound. [Presented by the City of Chicago, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP, and McDonough Associates Inc., produced by Envision Digital Imaging.] c. 1999. 2 minutes, 13 seconds.
General 4 The Millennium Park Report Package . WLS-TV (ABC) Chicago Eyewitness News report and interview with Ed Uhlir discussing the plans and early stages of construction at Millennium Park, by Martha Valerio, student of the Art Institute of Chicago. 24 February 2001. 2 minutes.
General 5 Millennium Park . Public presentation and slide show given by Ed Uhlir to an unidentified small group, outlining the history of Grant Park and the future plans for the site. 6 March 2003. 60 minutes. The picture quality is poor, out of focus.
General 6 Millennium Park . Fox News at 9, WFLD-TV/Channel 32 (Fox) Chicago. News report and interview with Ed Uhlir touring the construction site at Millennium Park, by Mark Suppelsa. 15 April 2004. 4 minutes, 35 seconds.
General 7 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Ed Uhlir, August 2, 2005. 45 minutes. See also General Box 3, folder 2 and General CD-R # 1.
General 8 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Joe Nagle and David Ortega, August 8, 2005. 53 minutes. See also General Box 3, folders 3-4 and General CD-R # 2.
General 9 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Liz Edwards and Rob Omoris, August 9, 2005. 32 minutes. See also General Box 3, folder 5 and General CD-R # 3.
General 10 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Colleen Schuetz, August 10, 2005. 29 minutes. See also General Box 3, folder 6.

Millennium Monument and Wrigley Square (Peristyle)

Mill. Mon. 1 New Landmark Story. WGN (Chicago) News report about the history of the original peristyle and the construction of the new one in Millennium Park, with comments from Blair Kamin, architectural critic, and Bill Piet from the Wrigley Company Foundation. 22 April 2002. 3 minutes, 32 seconds. 22 April 2002.

Pritzker Pavilion/B.P. Bridge

Pritzker 1 Frank Gehry and Millennium Park Model. WBBM-TV (CBS) Chicago News 2 at 10 report and interview with Frank Gehry talking about the design of the band shell for Millennium Park, by Katherine Bliss. 24 July 2000. 3 minutes, 43 seconds.

Lurie Garden

Lurie 1 Millennium Park Architects # 1, TCWD [the City Works Department]. Two informal interviews with the two runner-up finalists in the Garden Competition, in preparation for interviews with the jury the following day. Ed Uhlir interviews Dan Kiley and Peter Meyer (Mier?) from the Office of Dan Kiley and asks them to explain their concepts and choice of plants selected in their entry. Ed Uhlir then interviews Sidney Neilson, Jeff Mendoza and Robert Monteleo from Jeff Mendoza Garden asking them much the same questions. n.d. 51 minutes, 54 seconds.

CD

General

General CD # 1 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Ed Uhlir, August 2, 2005. 45 minutes. See also General Box 3, folder 2 and General VHS # 7.
General CD # 2 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Joe Nagle and David Ortega, August 8, 2005. 53 minutes. See also General Box 3, folders 3-4 and General VHS # 8.
General CD # 3 Millennium Park Oral History Project, interview with Liz Edwards and Rob Omoris, August 9, 2005. 32 minutes. See also General Box 3, folder 5 and General VHS # 9.
General CD # 4 380 color photographs of Millennium Park taken by Ricardo Phillips, May- August 2005.

Opening Weekend

O/W CD # 1 CD from Jam Productions. Proposal for opening weekend, 2004. Removed from Opening Weekend box 1, folder 3.
O/W CD # 2 312 color photographs of the opening weekend taken by Caroline O’Boyle, July 2004.

ARTIFACTS SERIES

Opening Weekend

2006.18 T-shirt, Millennium Park Staff, made for the opening weekend, light blue with Millennium Park logo, “Millennium Park, July 16-18 2004″, 2004.
2006.19 T-shirt, Millennium Park Security, made for the opening weekend, yellow with Millennium Park logo, “Security, Millennium Park, July 16-18 2004″, 2004.
2006.20 T-shirt, Chicago Architecture Foundation, red with Chicago Architecture Foundation’s logo, “Docent”, on front and back, 2004.
2006.21 Pins, circular, metal pins (3) worn by construction workers attending the Inaugural Gala, 24 July 2004.
2006.22 Staff Passes (2) for opening weekend, laminated, “Staff All Access, July 16-18 2004″, 2004.
2006.23 Identity Badge and Lanyard, Millennium Park Host ID badge, used at opening weekend, 2004.
2006.24 Identity Badge and Lanyard, Millennium Park Site Access ID badge, used at opening weekend, 2004.
2006.25 Folding fans (3), promotional fans given out at the Inaugural Gala, 24 July 2004, 2004.
2006.26 Disposable camera, 27 exposure, for volunteers to use at opening weekend, includes instructions for volunteers to turn in the used camera, 2004.

Cloud Gate

2006.16 Maquette, Cloud Gate by Anish Kapoor, scale model, 1/16″ = 1’.00″. Made of solid cast steel through the lost wax process, surface is grained, sanded, polished and chrome electroplated to same specifications as real sculpture for image reflection, 1999.

Crown Fountain

2006.14 Architectural Model, Crown Fountain , by Jaumé Plensa, showing two towers and trees, c. 2001.
2006.15 Architectural Model, Crown Fountain , interior of one tower, detailing inner components and presentation of working parts combining the structure of the tower, water management parts, electrical, electronic and optical elements, c. 2001.

Lurie Garden

2005.9 Architectural Model, Lurie Garden , Garden Design Competition. Millennium Garden , submitted by finalist, the Office of Dan Kiley, c.
2000.
2005.10 Architectural Model, Lurie Garden , Garden Design Competition. The Shoulder Garden , submitted by finalist and ultimate winner, Gustafson Partners, c. 2000.
2005.11 Architectural Model, Lurie Garden , Garden Design Competition. Urban Riff , submitted by finalist, Jeff Mendoza Garden, c. 2000.
2005.13 Architectural Model, Lurie Garden , Garden Design Competition. The Shoulder Garden , more developed design submitted by competition winner, Gustafson Partners, c. 2001.


Millennium Monument and Wrigley Square (Peristyle)

2005.8 Architectural Model, Wrigley Square and Millennium Monument , designed by OWP&P plus base, c. 2000. The model measures 51 ½” x 48″ x 24″, the base measures 46 ½” x 46 ½” x 39. Both are on display on the 8th floor of the Harold Washington Library Center.

 

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