One Book, One Chicago Fall 2004
1492: Christopher Columbus lands and names the island Hispaniola (Little Spain).
1496: First Western Hemisphere Spanish colony established at Santo Domingo.
1697: Treaty of Ryswick awards western part of island (Haiti) to France and eastern part (Santo Domingo) to Spain.
1822: Santo Domingo annexed by Haiti’s President Boyer.
1844: After Boyer’s overthrow, Santo Domingo becomes independent and renamed the Dominican Republic.
1861-63: President Pedro Santana returns the Dominican Republic to Spanish rule.
1863-64: Spain withdraws from and annuls its annexation of the Dominican Republic following a popular revolt.
1865: The second Dominican Republic begins with a treaty giving the United States 50 years’ control over its customs department in exchange for the United States assuming the Republic’s debts.
1916-24: Occupation by U.S. military to put down internal disorder.
1924: U.S. troops leave after constitutional government reestablished.
1930: General Rafael Trujillo gains total control after overthrowing the president.
1937: Trujillo orders military to massacre an estimated 13-20,000 Haitians living in Republic near the Haitian border.
1960: Organization of American States calls for breaking diplomatic relations with the Republic.
1961: Trujillo assassinated.
1962: Juan Bosch, founder of the leftist Dominican Revolutionary Party elected president in the first democratic elections for nearly four decades.
1963: Bosch deposed in military coup and replaced by a three-man civilian junta.
1965: Some 30,000 US troops invade the Dominican Republic following attempt to return Bosch to power.
1966: Joaquin Balaguer, a Trujillo protege and former leader of the Reformist Party elected president. Elected president in 1966, 1970, 1974, 1986, 1990 and 1994.
1996: Balaguer steps down after massive public demonstrations.
2004: Leonel Fernandez, former Dominican leader (1996-2000), reclaimed the presidency in vote that reflected frustration with the nation’s worst economic crisis in decades.
- “Timeline: Dominican Republic.” BBC News online.